Renter Nation Training Series 2020 – Why Do We Pay Rent? Land and Housing under Capitalism

(upbeat music) ♪ So many times you tried to cut we ♪ ♪ You wanna tear we down, but you ♪ ♪ Can’t touch we ♪ ♪ We ain’t invincible ♪ ♪ But Lord knows we’re beautiful ♪ ♪ And Blessed ♪ ♪ Check the affirmative (Oh yes) ♪ ♪ Brotha, don’t let nobody hold you ♪ ♪ Back, no, no, no ♪ ♪ Don’t let nobody ♪ ♪ Hold ya, control ya, or mold ya ♪ ♪ Brotha, don’t let nobody hold you ♪ ♪ Back (no, no, no) ♪ ♪ Am I my brother’s keeper? ♪ ♪ Yes, I am ♪ ♪ So many times you tried to burn we ♪ ♪ You wanna break we down ♪ ♪ (Use and discard) ♪ ♪ We ain’t invincible ♪ ♪ But Lord knows we are magnificent ♪ ♪ And blessed ♪ ♪ Check for the positive ♪ ♪ Brotha, don’t let nobody hold you ♪ ♪ Back, no, no, no ♪ ♪ Don’t let nobody hold you back, keep on moving on ♪ ♪ Brotha, don’t let nobody hold you back (no, no, no) ♪ ♪ Don’t let nobody hold you never, no ♪ ♪ Brotha, don’t let nobody hold you back, no, no, no ♪ ♪ If nobody told ya, brotha ♪ ♪ I’m here to let you know that ♪ ♪ You’re so wonderful ♪ ♪ You’re so marvelous ♪ ♪ You’re so beautiful ♪ ♪ You’re splendid ♪ ♪ You’re fabulous ♪ ♪ Brilliantly blessed in every way ♪ ♪ Y’all can’t touch we ♪ ♪ Brotha, don’t let nobody hold you back ♪ ♪ Control ya or mold ya ♪ ♪ Brotha, don’t let nobody hold you back ♪ ♪ You’re so special ♪ ♪ Don’t let nobody hold ya, control ya or mold ya ♪ ♪ You’re your own individual ♪ ♪ You’re so special brotha ♪ ♪ I just wanna let you know ♪ ♪ I really love you always ♪ ♪ I know that we can make it ♪ ♪ It’s a guarantee, believe in me ♪ ♪ I know we can make it ♪ ♪ Now greetings to the world ♪ ♪ Voice of the one called Big Gong-Zilla ♪ ♪ Alongside Burna Boy, ya know ♪ ♪ Yes rude boy ♪ ♪ Ya dun know we different ♪ ♪ Different style we delivering ♪ ♪ I don’t have no equivalent ♪ ♪ Different predicament ♪ ♪ Every day a different problem ♪ ♪ Different lie from the government ♪ ♪ Different politics, people with different qualities ♪ ♪ Different tings dem happening ♪ ♪ Different feeling, looking for a different healing ♪ ♪ Read it with a different meaning ♪ ♪ Different book ♪ ♪ Come with the different look ♪ ♪ Same spliff, different talk ♪ ♪ Different election, sell a different false hope ♪ ♪ Then they make us with the different promise ♪ ♪ It’s a different time, different tings pon they mind ♪ ♪ Different steps we a climb ♪ ♪ While dem connive ♪ ♪ Different egos collide ♪ ♪ Back full of different knives ♪ ♪ Different me know ♪ ♪ Ah do it different still we similar ♪ ♪ Every man bleed blood, that’s a big similarity ♪ ♪ Seven billion show one cinema ♪ ♪ One world we live in now ♪ ♪ And through social media become the new encyclopedia ♪ ♪ Exposing reality inna real time ♪ ♪ Click a button, and watch a video ♪ ♪ Then you just might find ♪ ♪ Every man love dem family ♪ ♪ That is another familiarity ♪ ♪ To demonstrate the similarity ♪ ♪ That doesn’t mean ♪ ♪ There’s not a big difference ♪ ♪ Something of quality ♪ ♪ I’ve copy from the real original ♪ ♪ Cuh you don know we different ♪ ♪ Different acts of belligerence ♪ ♪ But differently intelligent ♪ ♪ Different medicine, me no talk chemical medicine ♪ ♪ Different leaves and remedies ♪ ♪ Different studying of my roots and origin ♪ ♪ Tell my truth in melodies ♪ ♪ History teachers attest to the different lifestyle ♪ ♪ Different from what me find out ♪ ♪ You know say knowledge is the key and I got em a hide out ♪ ♪ Fuck up the youth dem mind ♪ ♪ Bringing different force ♪ ♪ So different gun we a burst ♪ ♪ You know it ain’t hard to find those ♪ (sings in foreign language) – Welcome everyone

Thanks for being here on this Friday, the 29th of May for the Renter Nation Training Series episode three This is “Why Do We Pay Rent? Land and Housing under Capitalism” and my name is Paige, my pronouns are she/her/hers I live in Brooklyn, Lenape Territory and I work at Right To The City as a national organizer and I’m gonna pass it to my co-host Maria, to introduce herself – Hi everybody, happy to be here with you all today My name is Maria, I use she/her pronouns I work at the Housing Rights Committee of San Francisco and I am in Oakland, Ohlone Territory Thanks for being here – So before we get started, we just have a few housekeeping announcements Next slide So, we have a practice of language justice in this space and Spanish speakers can dial into the interpretation line if they need to The Spanish audio is being recorded and it will be available afterwards and if you are calling in to the Spanish interpretation line, please put yourself on mute, so that the interpreters are able to hear the presenters and you have the information here on the slide with the meeting ID if you need Spanish interpretation Okay, let’s go to the next slide So, some tech tips on engaging with a Zoom webinar We’re using the webinar function So you won’t be able to join your audio or video to the call, but you should be able to see and hear me and Maria and you should also be able to access the chat box and throughout the call, we encourage folks to share thoughts and questions using the chat box and our chat box monitor will help me and Maria track those comments and to send messages to all the call attendees, you wanna select all panelists and attendees from the chat box There’s a drop down menu in the text field that should be blue and you wanna click on that and select all panelists and attendees if you want to message everybody who is tuning in tonight So go ahead and use the chat box to introduce yourself You can share your name and where you’re joining us from and why you’re interested in this call If you’re part of an organization, you can share that with us as well So go ahead and use the chat and tell us who’s here Just go ahead and share your name, where you’re calling from and why you’re interested I see Araceli from Causa Justa I see folks from San Francisco, the Bay Area, Lexington, Kentucky, hey Santa Ana, Seattle, New Virginia majority, right on Oh, Portland, Oregon, Virginia, Santa Cruz, right on So, we’re coast to coast tonight, really excited to have you all here and we’re gonna do a little bit of intro to who we are and what this call is So, can we go to the next slide Oh, and I forgot to mention, we are recording this call So you’ll get a copy of the recording afterwards Okay, so Right To The City, I want to introduce us really quickly So, Right To The City emerged in 2007 as a national alliance of membership led grassroots groups who are fighting for the collective right of poor and working people to define their own living conditions in a way that addresses their needs and the needs of the planet

So that’s a little bit about who we are, next slide The work that we do is centered around land and housing So in 2013, Right To The City started this national initiative called Homes For All It’s led by our member groups in partnership with other organizations who are fighting to win permanent dignified and affordable homes for all people where residents have democratic control over their communities and we’ve got over 80 member organizations that are part of Homes For All in over 45 cities and at least 23 states Ebony, actually, we’re not gonna, we don’t have any interactive slides today So we’re just going to be sharing a slideshow and people can interact with us through the chat So, that’s Homes For All and Right To The City and together, we know that we can’t win housing justice unless we transform our social and economic systems and unless we win racial, gender and economic justice for all So we’re building the power of who we call, the Renter Nation because we think that the Renter Nation has to be part of a broader strategy for building power to bring about a just transition to a world for the people and planet over profit, hate and bigotry and so, as a response to this current COVID-19 moment, we launched a new campaign, next slide, that we’re calling Beyond Recovery So, this Beyond Recovery campaign, we’re calling for a debt free future and a systemic answer to the crisis, right You can learn more about our specific demands of Beyond Recovery if you go to cancelrent.us and you can sign on there to support the demands as an individual or as an organization and then we also have national campaign calls every other Wednesday So the next one is June 3rd, and you can register for that, just go through the website and we’ll be able to connect you with information about that So, that’s us and what the work that we’re doing is looking like in this current moment and so, as part of the Beyond Recovery campaign, we really wanted to make an offering around understanding what the systemic nature of the crisis is and so we started this Renter Nation training series, next slide So, this is today’s agenda, what we’re going to cover today, why do we pay rent? We’re going to learn about how stuff gets made under capitalism and how capitalists become wealthy We’ll talk a little bit about class structure and then, we’re gonna introduce this idea of a just transition for renters and then we’ll close today This year’s training series is working to facilitate the political education and organizing skills of people who have been impacted by this moment to deepen our collective capacity, to build intersectional multi-issue movements, so that we can develop the strategy and build the power that we need to actually cancel rent and win transformative change and so, like I said, today’s call is “Why Do We Pay Rent? Land and Housing under Capitalism” and it’s gonna focus on how capitalism shapes our housing system and you can check out the rest of the series topics on our social media or on the same registration link that you used to join today and we’ll be nerding out here every Friday until Juneteenth So just really quickly, I see there’s like new folks on the call and we do this every week, but I just wanna get a sense of how people heard about this call So, we’re gonna launch a quick poll, just to see how folks were able to connect with us tonight So if you could take a moment, a poll should have popped up on your screen You can take a moment and just fill that out really quickly It helps us know how we need to reach more people Cool, about half of us have voted Three-quarters of us Okay, I think that’s good, we can end the poll and we got to 85% Cool, so yay, you read our emails

and some of you are connecting with us on social media, oh and some folks are getting this from word of mouth or email from a different organization Okay, right on, pass the word, spread the word for next week and the rest of the series, bring more people, bring a friend and let’s learn about stuff together All right, so let’s dig in We start every call with a piece that we call culture as a weapon from the next slide So, we believe that culture can be a weapon against oppression, against suffering, against ignorance, against hatred, against isolation and fear because culture nourishes us, right It’s food for the body, for the mind, for the soul and it fortifies us for the struggle It allows us to connect to each other and to the world around us and it also helps us make meaning of our experiences, right It helps us understand who we are and our place in the world and we think culture is power and we think that power should be used for our liberation and so, part of culture is humor, and I like to share humorous cultural references So today, we’re gonna watch a video from “Saturday Night Live” and then we’ll talk a little bit about what we saw Oh, Kamal, let me know if you want me to do it I can hit the video real quick Oh, you got it Oh, but we can’t hear it You got to click the share your computer audio button – Joining us now, the star of Monday’s New York Governor’s Debate from the Rent is Too Damn High Party, please welcome future Governor, Jimmy McMillan (audience cheers and applauds) – Allow me to introduce myself I represent the Rent is Too Damn High Party (audience laughs) You know why? Because the rent is too damn high (audience laughs) People got seven jobs, they working 36 hours a day, 12 days a week and they can’t afford a roof I will make sure that you have a roof over your head, money in your pocket and breakfast, lunch and dinner (audience laughs) Ssh! You hear that? Somebody’s stomach just growled (audience laughs) That was a children’s stomach just growled because the rent is too damn high (audience laughs) You know how much a one-bedroom apartment costs in Manhattan $77,000 a month (audience laughs) You know what a roof cost? You can’t afford it You know what breakfast, lunch and dinner cost? Put it this way, it’d be cheaper to eat a roof (audience laughs) Now you probably look at me and you thinking to yourself, what, is he just another Washington Insider? (audience laughs) What is he, part of the establishment? Well believe it or not, I have never been a governor anywhere People ask if elected, how would you lower our rent? Simple, the rent is too damn high (audience laughs) A house in Queens called $17 million (audience laughs) Part three – What? – If elected president, I will make sure every single American eats breakfast, lunch and dinner (audience laughs) You on a diet? Too bad, breakfast, lunch and dinner (audience laughs) You in a car driving around all day? Pull over, breakfast, lunch and dinner (audience laughs) You already ate breakfast, lunch and dinner? I don’t care, you gonna eat breakfast, lunch and dinner again (audience laughs) ‘Cause why? ‘Cause the rent is too damn high (audience laughs) – Now Mr. McMillan, what about these reports that you yourself haven’t paid rent since the 80s? – You know why I don’t pay my rent, Seth? – Well, if I had to guess, I would say it’s because the rent is too– – The rent is too damn high! (audience laughs) So this Halloween, vote for Jimmy McMillan (audience laughs) With your help, I hope to become the first black Governor ever elected from the Rent is Too Damn High Party Climb aboard the Jimmy McMillan Express You can grab on here or here (audience laughs) ’cause it’s gonna be a wild ride, a very short, very wild ride (audience laughs)

– Jimmy McMillan everybody (audience cheer and applaud) – The rent is too damn high – All right, so just for a minute, can we engage in the chat and if folks could share one or two words about what you noticed or felt or what you related to in the video, specifically thinking about paying rent (Paige chuckles) Yes, how many other people feel like their rent is $77,000 a month? Yes, the audience agreed, yes The rent is too high, yes (chuckles) Yeah, so it was funny because it’s true, right, because we all resonate with how much rent is, yes, especially in New York, right and I think it was pointed out earlier this year when we got the $1200 stimulus check, right, that that doesn’t pay for a two bedroom apartment anywhere in the entire country, right? So, the rent is too damn high for real and it has real consequences, right It is, it’s too high What’s funny about that? It has real consequences, right It means that people are not getting what they need to live and in this particular moment, we can’t afford to have people not able to live in their homes, right, not able to stay in their homes So, yeah, just wanted to laugh a little bit because we laugh to keep from crying, we laugh to feed ourselves for the struggle and we laugh also to understand what’s at stake, right? And so, just wanted to share that So, let’s move on to the next piece I’m gonna pass it over to Maria – [Maria] Next page – [Paige] You can stop the share for a minute, Kamau – Cool, well, hi everyone Like I said, my name is Maria, I use she/her pronouns I’m coming from Oakland and I work at the Housing Rights Committee of San Francisco So yeah, the rent is too damn high and tonight’s call is taking that a little bit further and asking the questions, so why do we pay rent at all? Why do we pay rent? And before we jump in and explore that further, we wanna have a little bit of an interactive moment So we’re asking you all, what do you think the answer to that question is? Why do you pay rent? So put it in the chat and yeah, why are we paying rent? Why do you pay rent? Yeah, okay, so I’m seeing some coming in So we pay rent, so we don’t get evicted Yeah, because we’re afraid of being homeless by an eviction We pay rent simply to have a space to live To save up for your own home To keep from experiencing homelessness, again Because you can’t afford to buy a home So your kids have a roof over their head Right, there are all of these individual personal reasons why we pay rent However, it’s important to remember that these individual personal reasons happen within the context of a system, of the systemic reasons we pay rent So the other underlying question that we’re asking today, why do we pay rent, is actually unearthing two fundamental assertions that we’re making One is that people can’t live without the land and all that comes from land Land is how we get our basic needs met Land is how we get all of our needs met and two, that the vast majority of people do not have free access to or ownership/stewardship of land, which there it is, Kelly just said it, because we don’t have control over our basic needs, which is land One of the assertions we’re making is that it’s land So, let’s get your fingers ready again, we’re gonna jump into the chat, I have another question for you all What does land mean to you? What do you think of when you think of land? Aw, security, home, water and natural resources,

a connection to Mother Earth, land is life, land is sacred, self-determination, community, a home to live, roots and ground, yeah, land means a lot of different things to each of us, what sustains us, sustenance So land means a lot of different things to each of us because land is everything for us We’re land mammals after all Oh, I’m so sorry, I’m getting a little bit lost, but yes land is important, we need it, but we don’t actually own it Under capitalism, the basic need of land is actually obscured and land becomes something that you either do or don’t own I’m gonna send it back to Paige to tell us more about that – Yeah, thanks Maria and thanks folks for sharing all of those beautiful responses I’m just really sitting with that and feeling that a lot about land and our connection to it and how it has been disrupted, right? So I wanna explore that a little bit So, I’m gonna ask you another question for the chat, who owns stuff here? If you own stuff, what are examples of things that you own? And how did you come to own them? I’ll give you an example for me I own (chuckles) I’m like, what do I own? I own a TV I own some books I own, like some pieces of art Yeah, people are saying my bed, my phone, my laptop, my car, right, my dog (chuckles) My soul, mm-hmm My family, so oh, I own butter (laughs) Yes, Vinny is getting what I’m putting down So, most of the belongings that we own is stuff that we buy, products, merchandise, property, right? And so, all of these words can be summed up in one word Commodity, hey Linda So, can we share the screen again Kamau? Let’s define what we mean by commodity So, a commodity very simply put is something that can be bought or sold for profit So, what are some commodities that we need to live, but we have to pay for? People have already mentioned some of them What are things that you have to buy in order to live? Food, yep, we need food We have to buy, ooh asthma inhaler, yeah, we got to buy our medicines and things to take care of ourselves They’re commodities, clothes to keep ourselves warm, we gotta buy that, hygienic products Sometimes a car you might need, right? Access to transit, mostly, housing, right? So, let’s look at the case of housing specifically Oh, can we go to the next slide actually, I just wanted to hammer home the point that commodities are anything that can be bought and sold, right? So food, oil, water, plants, apparently air, I learned that you buy the air above your house when you buy a house It’s basically everything that we need to live has been turned into something that can be bought and sold and so, let’s look at the case of housing in particular So, commodities are important to understand because the logic of capitalism revolves around the buying and selling of things to turn a profit, right? So in places where before capitalism developed, people didn’t make things for profit, make them because we need them, right? We need a place to live, we need shelter, we’re gonna build a house

When capitalism develops though, it commodifies things So it turns things that we need into products to be bought or sold and the driving impetus of capitalism is not about meeting our needs as humans, right, it’s about how do we more efficiently make more money and so, capitalism doesn’t attempt to provide basic necessities to the most vulnerable among us and that’s pretty much a guarantee that not all people’s needs will be met or even considered right? And so, we don’t build our houses, we can’t like go out and build a house if we need it We have to go through the market, we have to purchase a product, right? And so, sorry, I’m also getting a little bit lost Ebony, could you actually take notes at the bottom of the agenda and then they won’t move, sorry about that So where am I? Here I am Okay, so housing, so people don’t build their houses anymore instead, they buy them So, how does housing get made under capitalism? What do you need to build a house? What does it take to build a house? You can respond in the chat Permits, mm-hmm Raw materials, land, labor, money All of that, right So all of the things that y’all are naming are what we call the means of production Can we go to the next slide? So we’re gonna define this, the means of production The means of production are things that we use to make things, so land, water, oil, gas, trees, tools, equipment, factories, capital, money, right, permits So the means of production, essentially the means of production is the way stuff gets made So all the stuff that you buy, how does it get made? The means of production Under capitalism, the means of production are owned privately by the wealthy, okay So you can own a factory, you can own land, you can own an oil field, right? All of that is allowed to be privately owned rather than allowing everybody who needs access to it to make stuff that they need, right So, can we go to the next slide? Just to give some examples Oh, I think you need to click a couple of times, sorry Kamau So, instead of being able to go into the forest and chop down your own tree to make lumber to build your own house, you pay a real estate agent who works for a housing developer who contracted the architect and the construction company, which bought the materials from the lumber company that owns the forest land, which is stolen indigenous land, right and so each person in this scenario either gets a cut or they get cut out regardless of what anybody actually needs, right? So what we actually need doesn’t matter, it’s about what’s going to make money So, next slide So, when we’re talking about land, we’re talking about a really important means of production, right? It’s a really important way that stuff gets made It’s where we get all of our needs met, right? It’s a huge part of how things get transported and sold, right? So there’s no matter what type of economic system that we live under, humans are always going to produce things, we’re always going to need the land, we’re always going to need the things that the land provides for us, right and so, there will always be some sort of means of production but under capitalism, what’s unique about it is that, the means of production are allowed to be privately owned by a few wealthy people, even though all people need them, right During last week’s session, we watched a video of a young Jesse Gray, a housing organizer of the 1963-1964 Harlem rent strikes talking about the importance of putting people over property, right and we chant that slogan, people over profit

and we’re talking about a world where we’re producing things in order to meet people’s needs and to allow us to develop as humans, right? So, I’m gonna pass it over to Maria again and we’re gonna learn a little bit about how capitalists accumulate wealth – Thanks So, I’m gonna take it all the way back before capitalists reached North America Hopefully by now, folks have come to understand that Christopher Columbus did not discover America and that there were already people here who had been inhabiting these lands for thousands upon thousands of years prior Indigenous people were subjected to genocide by European colonists and the survivors were largely forced from their land, which was stolen and appropriated to construct what we know as the United States This is what we call original accumulation You might have heard of a term primitive accumulation, but we recognize the negative stigma attached to the word primitive, which is why we use the word original accumulation So, can we go to the next slide? So, what does that mean? Original accumulation is the first efforts of capitalist institutions to take control of land from indigenous inhabitants, and we’ll go more in depth about this process of original accumulation in next week’s sessions on land and housing under racial capitalism, but it’s important to understand that genocide, is how America’s first capitalists established the legal right for the wealthy to privately own land and that which comes from the land Next slide, please So, one of the primary ways capitalists justify their exploitive system is by calling it, is by claiming that the unequal patterns of property ownership came about fairly and peacefully through trade That’s the story they’re starting to tell Can we go to the next slide? At the heart is the idea and at the heart of that story, is the idea that some people transformed their modest ownership into vast empires through thrift and hard work, whereas others squandered it due to laziness and self-indulgence It’s the same narrative we’re told about the poor today Next slide In reality, capitalism originated out of the violent seizure of land and resources from the feudal Lords and peasants in Europe and by way of even more violent colonization throughout the whole globe It’s a process which continues today as imperialism Next slide So between, actually can we go back one slide, sorry So there’s a story that starting to get told about how wealth accumulation comes from hard work and it was told at the beginning, it’s still being told now It evolves, it changes, but at the heart of it, it’s the same story, but we know, like it says here in this slide, that’s actually not the reality So between 1976 and 1887, the United States government seized over 1.5 billion acres from America’s indigenous people Land, as we have already noted, is an important way to make stuff, a key ingredient in the means of production and once the United States stole this land and commodified it, the wealthy began buying it up and amassing incredible profits Thank you, yes 1976 So now, we’re gonna take a look at a story of one such wealthy American more in detail Can we go to the next slide? So, this is the story of John D. Rockefeller or one of his stories – That’s right Kamal, that’s the video, yes – Yeah And it’s a video, yeah? – Yeah Should I share it? Okay, let me share it Let me open it – So, before we jump into the video, how is this land thing for y’all? Put it in the chat We just went through a lot of history in like a minute or two Have you all thought about housing in this way before?

People saying yeah So for folks, maybe for, mm-hmm, so you know, there’s a mix, right Oh, okay, here’s our video So, this a video about John D. Rockefeller I’m gonna read through this chat a little bit more, maybe not Thank you all for jumping in the chat and being part of this interactive conversation together Let’s watch this video about John D. Rockefeller – I got it, I got it (chuckles) here it is – [Narrator] In the 19th century, millions crossed the ocean seeking freedom and opportunity They find a country starkly divided between the haves and the have nots Between 1860 and 1900, the richest 2% of American families own 1/3 of the nation’s wealth These bare-knuckle businessmen rule industry, Wall Street and Washington The most powerful of all, oil tycoon, John D. Rockefeller, the world’s first billionaire His company Standard Oil savages and then swallows up its competitors and ends up controlling 90% of the American oil industry By 1896, he has assets of $200 million, over $5 billion in today’s money Rockefeller and his fellow robber barons are not loved Ordinary Americans resent their wealth and power Oil tycoon, John D Rockefeller, his son John Jr decide to redeem their public image John Senior, to win American hearts and minds, publicizes his philanthropy By now, he has already given away around $150 million, over four billion today With his trademark cap, John Senior appears more often in front of the cameras Crowds like this one welcoming him at a Florida railroad station treat him warmly The strategy pays off Americans start to associate the Rockefellers less with ruthless business practices and more with good work Thanks to film, audiences can now see the lifestyles of the rich and famous The robber barons become celebrities (upbeat jazz music) – So, let’s talk about that for a sec Get those fingers ready, jump in that chat What did you see in the video about truth versus perception? And then second question is, why is John D. Rockefeller’s reputation important for capitalism? So I’m seeing it, constant manipulation There’s a new way of thinking celebrity So there’s like a story that gets manufactured and then presented out through this new medium Yeah, propaganda Super premeditated and really intentional to justify immense wealth Yeah, and this kind of sets a precedent for what’s allowed, what’s capable, it normalizes it The warm of being, it’s like watching “Richie Rich” with my daughter and trying to use it as a teaching moment for getting upset because she likes the movie Yeah, it happens There’s a way in which these kinds of stories that help hold up and normalize wealth get put in these packages that are really nice, right So whether it’s watching “Richie Rich” with your kid, which honestly, I loved that movie as a kid as well, it’s actually really fun or all the other ways in which media is set up to kind of normalize this We get fed this ideological framework, this narrative that it’s all about bootstraps, right If somebody wants it hard enough, they can do it People are self-made, it’s all about individualism

and then the other part that I think is, so that’s part of it, right and the other question is, so why is John D. Rockefeller’s reputation important for capitalism? Why do you all think they went through all this trouble to use this new medium, like movies and give away all this money? Why did you all think they did it? Why is that important for the maintaining of capitalism? To justify it as something good, faux philanthropy Mm, yeah, to really hone in on this possibility that we are all just waiting to be billionaires, right It’s an individual state, it’s about something that you can do yourself Yeah, maintains people investment in the myth Yeah, it creates this possibility of well, we can all do it So it normalizes this mass accumulation of wealth, this individualizing of profit versus, and even the charity part, even the part that is about sharing in resources, it’s still about an individual’s kind of stance in that, right It’s not collectively owned There aren’t a ton of questions asked about how did he get all that money in the first place? What happened to those resources? Why does it have to be mediated through him that we get them back, all that kind of stuff, yeah Manipulating the people, being generous quote-unquote, yeah So, and it all kind of goes back, right? So if we can think about the slides before that we’re saying that this accumulation of wealth, even the original, the original accumulation was justified as being fair and on a basis of equal trade and that if people aren’t wealthy, it’s because they’re not working hard enough It’s a continued story and like I said, it gets changed, it changes for different audiences in different times, but at the heart of it, it’s still a way to uphold the normalization of accumulation of wealth and to not ask too many questions about where all that wealth came from So I kind of already said it, but do y’all think there’s something missing in the Rockefeller story? Can we go to slide 19? Yeah, so part of what’s missing from Rockefeller’s story is how that all happened, right? How did all of this even make it? How is it possible that one person, one individual can amass up all this money because we know, we know it’s not just through hard work I know some of the hardest working people and they’re not billionaires We’re all hard-working people That’s not how wealth is accumulated, we know that So, what doesn’t get said in this story that normalizes wealth and accumulation is that John D. Rockefeller, amongst other capitalists, benefit from a world where A, land has already been forcibly taken by the United States, right? So original accumulation, there’s already a framework set up for more accumulation, more privatization, more monopolizing of resources into smaller and smaller groups of people Two, that land is something to be bought and sold, it’s a commodity Before you know, it’s not that long ago, it feels like a long time but it’s not that long ago that land was something that we were in interrelationship with, it wasn’t something that got bought and sold and so, creating land as a commodity is actually a really important step in being able to justify wealth accumulation through land and housing and the third one is that privately owning land, oil and oil refineries and other forms of means of production is considered normal Again, similarly to land, it wasn’t that long ago that if you needed resources to meet your basic needs, they were available and they were usually available in collectives and so again, privatizing the means of production, like creating land as a commodity are all kind of the foundations that make this level of wealth accumulation even possible So, he didn’t do it on his own Okay, so what happened to John D. Rockefeller? Well, we already saw some of it, right? So he’s got a big old part of New York named after him

and his family and so, something must have happened with his wealth, it didn’t just disappear and he didn’t give it all away So in 1921, we can go to the next slide and this is the one where you have to kind of click So in 1921, John D. Rockefeller’s son, John D. Rockefeller Jr John Jr. they called him received about 10% of the shares of the Equitable Trust company from his father, making him the bank’s largest shareholder First click Subsequently in 1930, Equitable merged with Chase the Chase National Bank, making Chase the largest bank in the world at the time Although his stockholding was reduced to about 4% following this merger, he was still the largest shareholder in what became known as the quote unquote Rockefeller Bank And then as late as the 1960s, the family still retained about 1% of the bank’s shares, by which time, his son, John Jr. son David had become the bank’s president So we’re gonna fast forward to right after the financial crisis of 2008 Chase Manhattan Bank was the fourth largest owner of foreclosed properties in the U.S overall and if you just look at private banks, Chase has the third largest inventory of foreclosed properties, of all the banks after Bank of America and Wells Fargo Who remembers standing outside of a Chase trying to fight for your neighbor’s home? I do So we’ve come full circle, right? From forcing original native inhabitants from their lands to repossessing foreclosed homes from working people, we see the same fundamental contradictions of land and housing under capitalism The fact that people did not have control over the land and housing and that land and housing remains in the control of the capitalist class in the forms of corporations like Chase Bank with the support of the United States government So when I first learned this, that like John D. Rockefeller was also the people behind Chase, it blew my mind So again, we’re sharing a lot, but I’ll pass it back to Paige (audio cuts out) – From people and (audio cuts out) Feel bad that (audio cuts out) Now we’re legal, right, trying to do some sort of regulation, but we saw last week, going through some of the history of the housing movement that when (audio cuts out) I digress to talk more about this idea of (audio cuts out) Rockefeller, right Why is Jeff Bezos allowed to become a trillionaire? So we’ve talked about commodities, we’ve talked about the means of production, we’ve talked about original accumulation Oh, can you all hear me? Oh, damn Can you all hear me, can you hear me now? Can you hear me now? Okay, yes, and no, I’m getting yes and no, okay Hopefully it’ll stay good Okay, so we’ve talked about commodities, we’ve talked about the means of production and we’ve talked about original accumulation So capitalism turns basic needs into products to be bought and sold, right Capitalism allows for the private ownership of the things that we need to make those products, particularly land and capitalism started by stealing indigenous land through violence and the way that we all experience capitalism is through the class structure of our society So let’s dig into what we mean when we talk about class Next slide So, class structure Class structure is the organization and the relationships of the different social groups in a capitalist society based on their role in the economy We’re gonna break this down a little bit, but I think what’s important to understand is that, there is a structure, right, that categorizes people into class and it depends on how they have access

to the means of production or not Next slide So, one class is the bourgeoisie, also known as the ruling class or the owning class or the 1%, right? So the bourgeoisie class owns the means of production They own all the resources and the technology that we need to run the economy They own the land, they own factories, raw materials and so on This class also owns the means of distribution, right So the trucks, the airlines et cetera and they work with the federal government to have access to the infrastructure to move their goods, right? They’re the people who employ and exploit middle and working class people to gain a profit Oh and I missed one thing, they also own the means of communication, right So newspapers, television stations, right, the corporate media So, this is the bourgeoisie class These are the folks on top These are very few in number, right, that belong to the bourgeoisie Next slide Okay, then we have something called the petite bourgeoisie or the middle class and I think this is one that most folks are more familiar with, right, hearing this term middle class So, the middle class owns enough property to survive without having to work for someone else, but not enough to exploit other people on a large scale, right? So, this class, so they might be corner store owners, have small businesses, right? They also include people who have professional jobs, like lawyers, doctors, teachers, academics, that kind So that’s what we consider the petite bourgeois or the middle class So people who basically help the bourgeoisie manage capitalism Okay, next one So, then we’ve got the proletariat, also known as the working class or rank and file in labor So the working class is made up of people who don’t own any independent way to survive, right They don’t own the means of production They don’t own land, they don’t own raw materials They’ve got to buy or rent everything to survive They work for other people who do own some means of production to earn wages to survive, right So the working class Then lastly, next slide, there’s the lumpenproletariat, also known as the underclass So, these are folks who are excluded or locked out of the formal economy So usually, these are people who are not making formal wages This class includes people who are permanently unemployed or underemployed, those who survive through work in the underground economy and those who are part of the informal economy and people who get by on government assistance and just a fact about this little image here, this is actually a Black Panther Party publication The Black Panthers tried to organize the lumpenproletariat, right, because so many black folks are part of the lumpenproletariat because we are consistently unemployed and locked out of the formal economy because of discrimination and bias, right? So, these four classes are kind of the big four under a capitalist society Can we go to the next slide? So there’s other things that you should take into consideration when thinking about class in the United States, really anywhere So, class is a useful framework when it comes to understanding our power and our organizing work, but there’s also important additional factors to consider like class consciousness, right? So the class structure in the United States is more complicated than owning and working class, right There’s a large middle class in the United States and then beyond that, there’s also many working-class people in the United States who identify as middle class, right? Because the capitalists have been able to sort of market the idea of middle class being somebody who achieves the American dream, right

Oh, I own my own home Even if I’m like going to be paying off that mortgage for 30 years, I’m middle class, right Even though I don’t have my own business and I have to look for other people to work for, I’m middle-class, right? And so there’s like a class consciousness aspect when we’re talking about class in the U.S to take into consideration Then there’s race and national oppression So the working class in the U.S. is fractured along racial lines, right Class is actually largely experienced as race in this country There’s a racial division of labor in the U.S. right? So just thinking about like a restaurant for example, who is the server who works in the front of the house? They’re usually young and white, right Who are the folks who work in the back of the house in the kitchen? They’re usually black and brown people, right? And so, class is experienced as race and white working-class people have gotten material and social privileges in the U.S even if they’re part of a working class, right and then there’s also gender and sexuality to take into consideration The oppression of women and queer people and trans people means that there are dynamics of privilege and oppression that play out within oppressed classes So there’s a gender division of labor in the workplace and in our homes, right, like who raises the children? It’s mostly women doing that kind of work, right and then also just like think about jobs that are heavily gendered, like healthcare workers, mostly women, construction workers, mostly men, you know, so thinking also about gender and sexuality and then there’s imperialism, right U.S imperialism, so meaning that the U.S trying to expand its influence all over the world has led to a material privileging of workers in the U.S at the expense of workers in the global south, right? So this impacts our consciousness for everybody in the United States, including working-class people and people of color, right? So even though workers of color in the United States are treated terribly, the things that they do have access to come at the expense of people in other countries, in poor countries, in black and brown countries and so, what does that mean for the role of U.S. workers in the international struggle? What role do we have to play, right? We’re not gonna get into that tonight, although it’s really juicy conversation, but just wanted to complicate a little bit the framework of class and so, actually, can we go back one slide, Kamau? So there’s class and then there’s class position So class position is the concrete material position that each class, each social group occupies in society based on the relationship to the economy, right? So it’s a description of where you actually stand, not where you think you stand So you might think that you’re middle class, right, but your actual relationship to the means of production or your actual engagement in the economy is going to actually determine your class position So, I do want to just get in really quick with y’all about why you think so many people identify as middle class? What’s going on there? Let’s talk about it in the chat American conformity, mm Respectability Internalized oppression, mm These are some like heavy concepts y’all We wanna think we’re closer to the top than we are, yeah It’s a false narrative, even rich people claim to be middle class, right, right Even the wealthy think that they’re not wealthy enough Divide and conquer, mm-hmm Yeah, it’s part of the capitalist propaganda It’s stigmatized to see yourself as working class, right? It’s like not something to be proud of, right, yeah the shame, mm-hmm Yeah, and we desire a false type of life, right and there isn’t a lot of negative narrative around the middle class, it’s true It’s like, oh middle class, you’re fine, right, like you’re worthy, you deserve rights if you’re middle class You’re not like, yeah you’re respectable, right Yeah, education has a lot to do with it as well and if you see on this little graphic,

you see people trying to climb to the top through study, right They’ve got their school books and their backpacks, right, they’re trying to use education to get up to the ruling class, but they get knocked down right because the class structure is not changing The idea that you can pull yourself up by your bootstraps is a lie, right? This is actually how the economy is structured and it’s not meant for you to move up, right But it is meant for us to think that we can move up, right Cool, next slide So, class interest Class interest is the fundamental interest that each group has in changing the socio-economic and political system based on their role in the economy So basically, the class interest is whether or not you would materially benefit from having the status quo change or stay the same, right If you want things to change, it means that, if your class interest is within the working class or the lumpenproletariat, you have an interest in changing the status quo, right? Because right now, you don’t have access to the means of production, you depend completely on the wealthy, right? So, yeah, so this is trying to get at understanding what each class cares about, it also helps us struggle and it’s helpful to ask ourselves some questions to determine what the class interest is of a group, right? Does this group have a fundamental interest in making change or is it in their interest to maintain the status quo? So what about for the bourgeoisie? What is their class interest? Do they benefit from the way things are set up now, or are they hurt by the way things are structured? What do y’all think? Ruling class, what’s their class interest? What is Jeff Bezos interested in? Or Rockefellers, the Rockefellers or Chase Bank? They don’t want to maintain the status quo Profit, yes No accountability, keeping their wealth They love it, they love being on top, right They’re planning on like building spaceships and just flying away from the Earth once they’ve destroyed it, you know what I’m saying, like it’s good to be bourgeoisie and under capitalism What about the class interest for the working class? What does the working class gain from the status quo, if anything? Nothing (laughs) Exhaustion, yes, all we get is hurt and heartbreak and pain and suffering, you know, like even the highest paid tech worker, right, is still working class because if that tech company goes under, what does that tech worker have, right? Do they own anything? Do they have any sort of power, right? Medical bills, debt, right, yeah So it’s important to understand where we are in the class structure It’s also important to understand what our class interests are and it’s important to be able to understand our enemy’s class interests, right, so that we can actually leverage power against them, right Okay, so we’re just gonna take a quick poll to help us try and understand our own class position and interest So can we do poll number three Cool, so just take a couple of minutes and answer these few questions, yes or no and we’ll see can people see the poll? Okay Okay there it goes, it’s loading now I see a third of us have voted All right, half of us

We’ll just do another minute Although for question number one, it’s either one if you pay rent or if you pay a mortgage, yes or no All right, there might be some technical difficulties for some of you with the poll, I’m sorry about that It’s been a little glitchy recently, but let’s go ahead and end the poll and share We got three quarters of us to participate So, the majority of us on the call are paying a rent or a mortgage So on the, I think it was the first or the second call, we defined the Renter Nation as including people who pay a mortgage because we consider mortgage holders like bank tenants, right If you miss a payment on your mortgage, foreclosure, right You know you don’t actually fully control your housing or the land where you live, if you’re paying a mortgage So that’s a majority of us on the call You’re paying more than 30% of your income, we’ve got 63% of respondents said yes and we know that that’s true for most Americans You have faced the threat of eviction or foreclosure Over half of people who have responded said no, but 43% of us have, right, have faced the threat of eviction or foreclosure If you’ve lived in a home with mold or no hot water or rodents or other unhealthy conditions, right, 63% of us have lived in homes without healthy conditions There’s a lot of new development and real estate speculation, 86% of us, right We’re seeing our communities change all over the country If you’ve been angered by the way you or others in your community have been treated, 96%, almost all of people who responded, right because we’re seeing what happens to people who are not part of the bourgeoisie, right? We’re seeing what happens to working-class people, to black and brown people when it comes to land and when it comes to housing Cool, thanks y’all for participating in the poll Just gonna do a quick time check, where are we Oh, we’re good, okay, so I’m gonna pass it over to Maria for this last section – Well, thanks So, we’ve covered a lot and I just wanna remind us that throughout history, land has not always been treated as a commodity People have collectively owned some or all of the means of production and the original inhabitants of this land have continued to resist their displacement and the commodification of Mother Earth’s abundance A lot of us are in deep allyship and relationship to folks who have continued to do that work and so for us as the Renter Nation, we must also resist and struggle for our new reality Can I get the next slide? So here at Homes For All, we believe in a just transition for the Renter Nation So this is a visual that some of you might have, you might have seen it at some place before and just like the just transitions framework from moving us from extractive economy to a regenerative economy, our just transitions framework to move us from an unjust housing system to a just housing system recognizes that a transition is going to happen and I think for many of us living in these times, it’s even clearer that transitions are all around us, whether they come in forms of crisis or whether they come in forms of transitions that we move, it’s up to us, right? So one of the things I really love about just transitions framework is that they hold that complexity Transitions will happen Whether they are just or not is up to us, which is why we’re all here, which is why we’re building the Renter Nation So if we’re looking at the system we currently have under capitalism, stuff on the left side of your screen, the unjust housing system stuff, it’s what we all know, it’s what we all live, it’s what a lot of us are fighting against and it’s a system where homelessness is the result of treating housing as a commodity for profit and it’s considered normal, it’s considered normal

to have people who can’t afford quote-unquote a basic human need Society accepts that some people live without homes, even when there is more than enough housing for everyone I live in a neighborhood that has a lot of new luxury development It’s also a neighborhood where I see my unhoused neighbors walking around and I can literally point to apartments where they could move into and the city doesn’t Right now in many of our cities for us here in the Bay Area, there are empty hotel rooms, another form of a roof that our unhoused neighbors could actually have, get off the streets, be able to stay safe from this pandemic, it hasn’t happened yet So we live in a world where it’s not just normalized but it’s upheld, that it’s okay for people to not have a roof, even when there’s more than enough to go around And shelters, even the hotels are still temporary and don’t meet our long-term needs for housing and community We also have mortgaged homes, which under capitalism, which still exist under the capitalist view of housing because it’s a commodity for profit, right So there’s a little circle there that says housing for profit So people spend their whole lives trying to pay off the debt to own, quote-unquote own a home because they believe in the American dream We’ve been talking about it a lot throughout this call In the end, the banks and the government exert more control over the land and housing than the homeowner ever will and we heard a little bit about what it’s like to live under these conditions from our compa Ronel at last week’s call for folks who were here Looking at the system and so, you know, that’s kind of what we’re under, right? So, what else is under an unjust housing system? There’s mass evictions, they’re skyrocketing rents, the rent is still too damn high, there’s gentrification 86% of us live in neighborhoods or cities where we’re seeing all of this new construction, all of this new development, that’s one of the factors of gentrification and wealth and power concentrated in corporate landlords So as we move towards building just housing systems, building the alternatives we wanna see, we are looking at a system where homes are for people, what a radical idea It’s so hard to even say, homes are for people, not for profit and land and housing are democratically controlled by people and land isn’t a commodity Public housing should also not be a commodity under the housing market and is one way that we can get our housing needs met permanently or permanent housing, affordable housing needs met However, it’s under attack by wealthy private capitalist’s interest, which many of us know, all of us who do public and subsidized housing work, we know how hard and how intact this form of housing is and since the federal government owns it, we have to do the double work of holding them accountable to fully fund it and also nationalize more housing, bring more housing out of the speculative market and so, we have to take action to realize our rights to democratically control public housing because after all, we are the public and then another part of our just housing system model is community land trusts, which represent a way for people to collectively control land via nonprofit organizations If we get CLTs, then we can ensure that what goes on the land, for example the types of housing, best meet our needs and this is an option that can bring us closest to collectively owning the means of production We’re gonna talk more about community land trusts and alternative models of land and housing in future sessions, so be sure to stay tuned And I have a little bit of time, so I’m gonna engage the chat So for folks who are not seeing this for the first time, what are the ways in which you all have thought about this Homes For All strategy to win, this just transition model for housing, just transition for renters from an unjust housing system to a just housing system How have you brought this into your work or your organizing? For folks who have seen it already, for folks who haven’t seen it, I’ll ask you your question in a second The question is for folks who have seen this model, what are the ways in which you’ve been bringing this kind of just transitions moving us from an unjust system of housing to a just system

of housing into your work? Share it in the chat and for folks who haven’t seen this model before, what is it making you think about? What are kind of your first reflections or reactions if this is the first time you’ve seen this? So, there’s a question, ooh, all the chat comes in at once all of a sudden, it gets overwhelmed So yes, alternative models of ownership, alternative models of lending, rent reductions in buildings without full repairs in order to build community and housing complexes Yeah, that’s some of the ways that folks have been doing this work Yeah, and then for folks who are maybe seeing it for the first time, the reason for Linda, I’m just gonna call you out Linda ’cause that is making my heart grow, like four or five, yeah, by four or five times, that this model is part of the reason why you wanted to join Homes For All, that super wonderful and it’s also hard, right Part of what we saw before was that these stories are so ingrained into how our society works that it is really hard to think, well how am I gonna talk to people, whose, like Paige was saying, whose class interest is against this model There’s, yeah, cooperative ownership, I’m seeing some stuff resonating from the just housing system model There’s little ways and big ways too that we try and bring this into our lived realities where this model kind of shows it a little linearly, but it is something that is happening both left and right So like, we live under an unjust housing system, and we’re also building alternatives at the same time and I’m seeing a lot of really cool stuff happening in the chat around people sharing, doing a little bit of organizer exchange I have some concerns about how to talk to people, there’s some stuff going on around how others have done it That’s beautiful Yeah, and then there’s some folks for whom this is a really big topic and just starting at the idea of why we pay rent is really important, right? It’s the first step in thinking wow, there can be an alternative So thank you Hannah for sharing and bringing that up, that’s super important That’s part of why we’re having these sessions, right? ‘Cause we wanna be able to bring folks into this conversation wherever it is that you’re at Yeah, and the last part is, there’s a lot of pessimism and we try to motivate folks who feel like it won’t work, is really hard to work and actually central to a lot of the work that we do There’s this concept around imagination that I hold really dear to my heart as an organizer and someone who supports other organizers and thinking like, that’s what we need, right Capitalism takes so much from us, it doesn’t just take our ability to own the means of production and sustain ourselves collectively and individually and away from having to pay or sell our labor but capitalism also takes away our ability to see possibilities and see futures that are not in the way that we’re living now and for me, being able to see a new future, being able to think about possibilities is really connected to resilience, imagining that I can still be here and there could be a world that doesn’t have to hurt as much and capitalism takes that away from us, which is another reason why I don’t like it Yeah, it takes our community away from us So, I’m gonna thank everybody for putting this in the chat If you’re interested in seeing more of the details about this, our housing strategy, how we’re gonna move, a just transitions for housing ’cause like I said, there’s gonna be a transition and it’s up to us to make sure that it’s just, making sure that we have the power to decide what happens in our communities and neighborhoods, hit us up because we have this and we can send it to you and as you can see, we have it in English and Spanish and I’m gonna send it over to Paige to close us out – Yay, yeah, I don’t like capitalism either I don’t like it We are going to send out this slide show, everybody You’ll get it as a follow-up email next week So far, I’ve been able to get the follow-ups out by the next Thursday, just in time to remind you to come again on Friday So look out for that and thank you so much for being here and for participating with us This was like my nerdy dream to talk about the means of production with Maria

So, come back next week We are going to talk about the Great Land Robbery, so Land and Housing under Racial Capitalism and yeah, we’ll get to learn a little bit more about how race plays a factor into our access to land and housing We are also gonna send out some notes and our chat monitor has been keeping track of your comments So you will get a copy of the notes with some of the chat conversation We do have an upcoming campaign activity as part of Beyond Recovery on June 2nd We’re going to be streaming live on Facebook and we’re gonna be lifting up some of our members who have been working with, doing black organizing around land and housing So the live stream is called, Staying Rooted, Black Land and Housing Organizing in the time of COVID-19 The live stream is five to seven on Tuesday Eastern Time So, visit our social media, our Facebook and check that out and yeah, and hopefully we’ll see you back here next Friday as well Trilce, play us out (chuckles) Thanks y’all Thanks everybody – Yeah, really wonderful to be here with you all today And yes, and thank you to Paige and Right To The City for making my nerdy dreams come true of talking about rent and capitalism with all of you – No, we can’t hear music Bye Thomas, good to see you I mean, didn’t see you but good to have you here. (chuckles) Appreciate y’all Aw, yay (chuckles) love it – Yeah, I went to, it’s another thing that I did with Right To The City and Homes For All, I went and supported the rent control fight in Santa Ana right before shelter in place happened back in March, which feels like forever ago and so, I got this rent control poster and I hold the really dearly, so Mextli, sending you all down in Santa Ana a lot of love and I have you every day as part of my, at my back So, hopefully you all feel the love too – So cute All right, I’ll play some music Trilce, I don’t know, we can’t hear yours I’ll just play us a little a little song (upbeat music) ♪ Some say the blacker the berry, the sweeter the juice ♪ ♪ I say the darker the flesh then the deeper the roots ♪ ♪ I give a holler to my sisters on welfare ♪ ♪ Tupac cares, if don’t nobody else care ♪ ♪ And uh, I know they like to beat ya down a lot ♪ ♪ When you come around the block brothas clown a lot ♪ ♪ But please don’t cry, dry your eyes, never let up ♪ ♪ Forgive but don’t forget, girl keep your head up ♪ ♪ And when he tells you you ain’t nuttin’, don’t believe him ♪ ♪ And if he can’t learn to love you, you should leave him ♪ ♪ ‘Cause sista you don’t need him ♪ ♪ And I ain’t tryin’ to gas ya up ♪ ♪ I just call ’em how I see ’em ♪ ♪ You know it makes me unhappy (what’s that) ♪ ♪ When brothas make babies ♪ ♪ And leave a young mother to be a pappy ♪ ♪ And since we all came from a woman ♪ ♪ Got our name from a woman and our game from a woman ♪ ♪ I wonder why we take from our women ♪ ♪ Why we rape our women, do we hate our women ♪ ♪ I think it’s time to kill for our women ♪ ♪ Time to heal our women, be real to our women ♪ ♪ And if we don’t we’ll have a race of babies ♪ ♪ That will hate the ladies, that make the babies ♪ ♪ And since a man can’t make one ♪ ♪ He has no right to tell a woman ♪ ♪ When and where to create one ♪ ♪ So will the real men get up ♪ ♪ I know you’re fed up ladies, but keep your head up ♪ ♪ Keep ya head up, ooh, child, things are gonna get easier ♪ ♪ Keep ya head up, ooh, child, things’ll get brighter ♪ ♪ Keep ya head up, ooh, child, things are gonna get easier ♪ ♪ Keep ya head up, ooh, child, things’ll get brighter ♪ – All right, shut it down

Thanks everybody – [Trilce] Thanks, good job