Webinar: 100% Renewable Energy – A Reality Across the World?

good morning and good afternoon to all of our participants thank you so much for joining us it’s my great pleasure to welcome you today to today’s webinar one hundred percent renewable energy a reality across the world this webinar is being held by the International Renewable Energy Agency in partnership with the global 100% renewable energy campaign for those of you who are not familiar with Irina we are an intergovernmental agency that supports countries in their transition to a sustainable energy future Irina has a hundred and thirty-five member countries and more than 35 countries in the process of becoming members the global 100% renewable energy campaign was founded by partners from civil society industry science and policy and was launched in april 2013 the campaign aims to build a global alliance for one hundred percent renewable energy and proved that being powered by one hundred percent sustainable renewable energy is urgent and achievable before we begin we would like to share a quick note that Irina does not endorse or recommend specific products or services shared within its webinar series information in this webinar is featured in the Irena renewable energy learning partnership database as just one of many best practice case studies if you are interested in finding out about future webinars offered through the Irena webinar series please visit the arena renewable energy learning partnership website and sign up for a weekly newsletter to receive updates about courses webinars and internship opportunities in the sector for today’s webinar we have two options for listening in you may connect by computer by selecting mic and speakers or by phone by selecting telephone on the right-hand pane if you should face any technical difficulties during the webinar please contact the gotowebinar help desk at the number provided on your screen we will be conducted collecting questions throughout the webinar and we’ll have a question and answer period following the presentations from our panelists I would like to encourage you all to to paid and asked questions by selecting the questions pane in the right bar lastly if you would if you would like to watch this watch this webinar again or share it with a friend we will have a full recording available on the I Ralph website as well as on the arena YouTube channel and if you are not able to answer all of your questions answered during today’s webinar session and you wish to connect with our panelists I encourage you to visit the Irena community and join the discussion on one hundred percent renewable energy so to quickly review the agenda for today’s session I will begin by introducing our four panelists who are we are very lucky to have with us today following this I will hand the floor over to our panelists for their presentations at the end of the session we will have a question and answer period and then we will ask that you participate in a quick feedback survey to help us improve our webinar series so without further ado I would like to introduce our esteemed panelists our first speaker today will be Stefan Sanger who is an executive committee member of the global 100% renewable energy campaign and the secretary-general of the World Wind Energy Association second we will hear from pia Bushman who works with the competence network for distributed energy technologies where she coordinates an initiative on one hundred percent renewable energy for rural communities we are also joined by Anna lick light writer who works as the policy officer for climate and energy at the World Future Council in her main capacity she works on enabling policy frameworks for a global transition towards one hundred percent renewable energy and last but not least we will hear from Nicholas Wagner who works with the International Renewable Energy Agency in the innovation and Technology Center Nicholas is part of the remap team who are creating a plan to double the share of renewable energy in the world’s energy mix by 2030 I hope you all enjoy the webinar and with that I would like to hand the floor to mr Zhang you hello yes hello good morning everybody good afternoon thank you very much Stephanie can you hear me now that correctly so it’s okay very good thank you so as a first speaker yeah I have to

try this and thank you very much Stephanie for introducing us thank you very much for arena for hosting this webinar it’s a pleasure to see that we have so many people already online here interested in this topic that we see is really a very important topic that should be discussed so my part is the first speaker today is kind of to introduce the topic it can’t introduce the question why are we proposing to discuss this topic of one hundred percent renewable energy there is of course many reasons why in general we there is a need to go for renewable energy the first is that humans need energy they use energies you can see from this quite well known photograph that was taken during the night by naza you see that people all over the world they are using electricity for lighting of course that is obvious but obviously they are quite many dark spots for all many people are living so obviously the way and the sources that were using today are not accessible in the same way for people who all over the world that is something that has to be changed and it’s obvious that the current energy system may be based on fossil resources cannot really satisfy the needs of most people we know very well that the system that is based on burning fuels on burning resources creates problems for our environment in particular for the climate currently there’s the climate conference going on here in Bonn where we as Logan Energy Association our base and people try to find the solution the government’s how to reduce the co2 emissions and finally concentration in the atmosphere actually it’s out of thought that the co2 concentration has been increasing dramatically over the last TK and the question is how we can stop this we can stop this with emission-free technology without doubt we have many other environmental problems that are related with burning coal burning oil gas also using nuclear power as we know the picture you can see on the Left that’s another problem that is not mentioned so often but it’s just normal air pollution you can see this is China where the air quality is of course on many days now just terrible nuclear disaster we know what happened in Japan that’s something that’s not really necessary to take such a risk in the picture on the right you see it is coal mining in Germany it’s not so far from where my office is it’s a huge destruction of the landscape that can never really be recovered and the question is is that really necessary can we not use the with the Sun that is available there another problem that we can see is of course economics financial aspect behind the fossil to nuclear energy industry you see over the last like 15 years here the price volatility of fossil resources the oil price here so this up and down in itself is a problem so if you are somewhere here you cannot really predict what will be the oil price in the future so just the last five years to call price at the maximum of cloths only fifty dollars in a minimum of less than thirty dollars that is a real problem because people cannot really predict when you look at you install a solar panel today you know what the price of your electricity will be over the lifetime of this project that’s a very clear advantage so the key drivers of a one hundred percent a full renewable energy supply as we can see is first renewable energy RL and everywhere they offer a secure and domestic energy supply they are environmentally sustainable e sustainable and they are affordable and they are low risk in particular they are low risk in financial terms but they also glow risks in terms of the environmental hazards the damage it can be done to the environment and also to humans so the big question is why has there not be more progress in skiers we know that some countries have had good progress but other countries are still quite behind in global terms the growth rates are not still where we want them to be so we had such a discussion also during one of the UN climate change conference is it was in Doha in the so-called cop 18 where we presented examples on the local level on the regional level of 100-percent communities and they came up the proposal that this should become the mainstream of the discussion how to solve climate change mitigation problems so let’s focus on the solutions so we decided together with many partners to come up with the global campaign to prove that it is possible showing examples where it has been achieved what is one hundred percent renewable energy

a quick answer to this is its I like this word it’s a symphony of all the renewables that we have it’s a symphony of solar energy of wind power of two thermal energy bioenergy hydropower they must be used together there is no doubt each of them has its pros cons but together they can without doubt supply by the world’s energy needs so we’ve set up this campaign as it was already mentioned last year with three main goals the first is that we’re aiming at a 100 renewable energy supply worldwide means fossil nuclear free society this leads us to the main principle that we suggested new investment from now on should only be in renewable energy no other new investment that means that of course we still have some people have still their cars and all this so this doesn’t have to be abolished overnight but whenever y’all thinking about new power stations etc it should be in regular energy that’s technically possible also economically feasible and thirdly it must be based on a kind of bottom-up process because we can see that on the local level it actually works today that people can many around the world harvest renewable energy in their environment which gives also more power to the people in this room but also urban environments they can decide about the way they want to harvest energy and use it make it usable is there a scarcity of renewable energy that’s still a question some people may not ask but that is very obvious no there there is no scarcity so I am from the wink associations I want to just give you a just a rough idea of the wind potential going referring to a study that was done by Stanford University Stanford University made a calculation based on actual weight measurement so they came to the conclusion that if you only take the sides with the only onshore sides with a wind speed of more than mo seventh meters per second eighty meters that that is enough if you only take twenty percent of the sides to cover completely the world’s energy demand so there are many sites with low wind speeds ended that are also used today in addition to them we have also offshore sites today so just wind energy without doubt could satisfy the world’s energy need as I said that’s not what we were proposing but we’d is certainly a very nice success story so far we have installed now at the end of 2013 300 close to 320 gigawatt which covers around four percent of the global electricity demand focusing may not sound that much but we have some some countries like Denmark with one third of its electricity now coming from wind Spain also with more than twenty percent in Portugal Ireland Germany countries with double-digit shares already how to come to one hundred percent how to make use of these potentials that’s the big question that of course especially I think they the next two speakers to refer to but again let me answer the main question and main answer to this is we must find a symphony of the renewables a good combination of the different renewable energy types to cover all the needs not all power that certainly where wind is very very good also in solar energy solar energy which can directly be used for heating by energy which has the advantage that it can be stored easily similar with hydropower ng of them so if we make use in addition to of the benefits of one hundred percent renewable energy and there are so many benefits I try to refer to the disadvantages of non renewable power system or or energy system so we have significant emission reductions it means we have practically in general we have a no emission system we have a energy access for many more people we have more empowerment of the local sec rule environmental benefit greatly from it we have more opportunities on the local level we have new jobs we can see also that renewable energy creates many more jobs than the conventional policy there is a more healthy environment we have a more resilient energy infrastructure just looking at the current conflicts we have in the world much of this is related to energy access in Ukraine the big discussion just what we heard today is about how crane can get enough gas of Europe Union can get enough guest from Russia that might not be necessary in the future because we can use the resources that we have not import a very good success story without doubt is

Denmark and you’ll see you the screenshot of the Danish grid operator that was beginning of this year where denmark at that point of time covered hundred percent of its power demand from wind energy denmark has gone one step further so this not only refers to power but they now also have integrated with chp combined heat and power production that a large scare of their he’d already comes from renewable energy as well mainly from biomass which is burned but also from if they’re in x is an excess of wind maybe at this point of time using the electricity that comes from wind so there’s a smart way of combined this is my kind of introduction to our topic today I thank you for your attention and depth of course also looking forward to your question with this i would like to hand over or back first Stephanie thank you thank you very much Stefan for that amazing presentation and now we will hand over to PF for her presentation okay can you see my screen up we see a black screen now okay okay a piano we can see it now I think yeah that’s it what um I think I will strongly connected to the question that was raised already by Stefan how to reach hundred percent renewable energy and here I’d like to take the focus on European countries because I’m project manager in a European project called towards hello present west communities and rest standing here for renewable energy sources so first I will begin to give you a small overview how we are trying to support communities and regions in Europe to to really take on a dynamic to go to one hundred percent renewable energy and then we’ll highlight some of these dynamics as in terms of them to concrete case studies from Germany and France here you can see at the bottom of the slide the partners that are involved in the project and all together we have ten countries taking part here from Germany Austria Italy France Belgium but also some mr. Newton countries like slovenia romania oh but also hungry in Scotland Czech Republic so there’s a picture of diversity in this project and you can see here and all of you on the methods and tools that we apply one important instrument in this project is the that we also involved the initiative of Covenant of Mayors that is particularly addressing local and regional authorities that have one totally committed to increase energy efficiency of the use of renewable energy on their territories sorry p i would interrupt you for one minute we’re still only able to see your title page we’re not following through your slide oh my god that’s not good um I will try it once well on the time great we can see now that’s wonderful Thanks and I will test mouth you can see it also when I move forward to the last light because I am worried that you will just see okay thank you now that i’m switching slide yes we can thank you yes you plan okay perfect I’m sorry for that so um in the instrument Covenant of Mayors and I said local authorities are addressed and they

are supported to to implement and evaluate their sustainable energy action plans and in them in the project owner in an a tool that we call twinning approach we draw lessons learned from that by looking at ten specific regions in Europe that we match they are all from different countries and on one hand we have learning regions and on the other and we have experienced regions and in this training approach we have regular study to earth and face-to-face meetings where those actual meat and get involved and also we get them strongly inspired by those some foreign projects um one other element is the u.s Champions League which is a very playful tool in our project it’s an annual competition of renewable energy as you team level where we also help these communities and regions to get recognized internationally and to come visible on an international stage another benefit is also that those countries that have newly established a leak and are pushed to prepare to to collect more data on renewable energy sources another interesting tool is the urban a network that has established clubs in all those partnering countries and it’s mainly addressing un rural communities and helping and one hand to to have them engage in an international European knowledge exchange and also to be better represented at European level and the very heart of this project is that we have developed throughout these out of three years come on European definition that that states more clearly what makes actually other hand the first time professed community in Europe I want you to into very much detail here but um we have come up from by looking at different experiences one Italy France and Germany we have come up them with 30 criteria for different levels and if the community substantially filtered these criteria it received via notice and west label and a sport only only have 500 s invest online map and not all regions that receive the letter have already achieved how to send the new renewable energy rather they chill that they there’s political to move to alternate for simple mobile energy and that they have a certain strategy in place that is underpinned with credible and substantial measures to to achieve hundred percent renewable energy and remember from the 11th November there will be a first launching event for this on a person dressed label during the hundred percent renewable energy regions Congress in castle in germany this brings me to another best practice that i would like to prevent you from germany at some a bottom-up initiative called hella presenting you with energy regions and this is a political concept that was developed by the ide the institute of decentralized energy technologies in casa that was originally funded by the german environment ministry and it’s now since this year and independently running network the communities and regions that I power this network has committed to reach alice percent on a regional scale by the next two three or four decades and you can see here on this slide the geographical distribution of an a percent renewable energy region’s many the candidates are rural rural areas we have a valid percent renewable energy regions and let them are the pioneers the frontrunners in this network which are around 80 but also some strata regions that are yep that are still are still learning about how to achieve this goal and then we have also smooth to share of urban areas and here I’d like to present to you one best practice example at a city level which is Frankfurt and usually printed is known as financial center but it’s more and more known internationally as city of passive houses and for having the most energy-efficient office buildings to mention Justin brief some some some some aspects that make up the

strategy of one of the symphony ball energy it’s important to mention that record is heading to towards this goal to achieve it by 2050 and then important to let a rule place the cooperation with surrounding areas to to meet the atomic percent renewable energy supply but also m2m decrease energy consumption by half Frank would also a mems to have of course own renewable energy production and as you saw and they are on a good way to do so and some technical elements out of course energy efficiency involving the building sector especially but also to have them to expand the system of combined heat and power to increase the role of solar wind but also the use of local organic waste and there’s another interesting pilot project going on which is a virtual power plan that should help to adjust for fluctuations in the renewable energy output some interesting political elements are that Frank would was one of the first cities that had established a climate and energy agency that helped to address the topic of energy and climate in a very holistic way and of course another positive aspect was Adam it was proficient government funding available and through this master plan for a new piston and the head of the Energy Agency and there was the possibility to have a strong stakeholder involvement such as architects engineers consultants local businesses but also an especially citizens so here we have a very interesting combination of top-down governance if you like so in terms of the master plan I’d also um strong bottom-up dynamic coming from the citizens and small businesses now I’d like to present you a rural case from from France which is very interesting because the political setting in France is pretty diverse we have on the one hand and a growing focus that was set on the national political agenda attitude to to increase energy efficiency and climate protection which would also fall local authorities to play a greater role in this policy but on the other hand we have really seen a real decentralization taking place rather there was some dialectic development showing that air comes they’re coming some on regional initiatives from getting more involved in this energy policy in China protection but also a strong preservation of the centralized energy system um let’s now move to an excellent example of this growing number of French local renewable energy initiatives this is aluminum it’s a community composed of seven municipalities in the north west of hearts and in brief the region tries to cheat on a percent by 2030 and you can see here on the left hand side of the slide and the current status of renewable energy supply and what is really unique him in this context of nominee is that the region very early realized them or they came aware of a very unique approach to local development they wanted to really have themselves and empower themselves by addressing all those issues on site an aging population and nitrogen excess because of the regional pig production and the resulting pig manure are also severe lack of economic and social diversity and the elective elected officials in the region realized that an energy or renewable energy provided really a smart intersection to address these issues and to also activate and unify diverse set of actors around these projects and and some project that i would like to mention here for example a collective methane production that was inspired by cases from germany and scanning yeah that was meant to deal with the nitrogene success that is also a mal predict producing heat and electricity for the region and then another project is the production of fewer oil in this context um there was a farm as an initiative that decided to to produce

the rapeseed oil locally in order to be less dependent on the on on national or international price fluctuations and other project that is really interesting and inspiring is the is some participatory wind energy project where the elected officials also wanted to move against this trend of local world going elsewhere and they really am managed to to inspire citizens to call for a bigger civic shareholding in a regional wind farm and this is now has it has been a really successful project with hundred and forty people being part of this wind farm today this product really had to multiply and encourage other projects finally an important aspect was also the support they was coming from clear which is the project coordinator of this project and the European project that I presented at the beginning and I’m clear helps to to make the regions in France we are of the great pool of experiences on renewable energy that is already available nationally so I think these are very important sectors that and the cable bridge and dynamic from renewable energy development to sum up I think really important aspects that can also maybe provide with dynamic factors for other projects are to have a common goal statement implies a common vision that is ideally binding in order to establish renewable energy is a long term our particular issue and then also to have them a good common identity and a story and to identify with such as local value creation that’s also closets but you know where you stand to know the potent in terms of natural resources that are present on site very necessary of course it’s had to have owned or external funding or at least the good knowledge about how to acquire this funding and as we have seen in limine to have them multiple multiple competencies and skills but also actors involved in these projects and to have a good organization and such as we’ve seen with frank with NV Energy Agency a laugh but at least it’s really good to to get connected with other actors other like-minded actors internationally and nationally and I think this is a really good point to to lead the floor for Ana night item thank you thank you very much PF for that great presentation and now I’ll hand the floor over to Anna hello everyone thank you p and thank you irina and stefan zenga for kicking off this webinar and thanks to all the listeners who are patiently listening and hopefully writing down lots of questions so we can discuss all these interesting topics after another two presentations yes SP I already mentioned getting connected sharing best practices and making knowledge available for others is very key and that’s why as Stephan mentioned in the beginning we have started this global campaign on hundreds and renewable energy and we have seen great examples from PA from Europe and from from two countries where well Germany you probably expect that as a pioneer in renewable energy but friends is not known for their great share in renewables so um I just want to highlight with this slide and I hope you can see my second slide with a global map where you have lots of dots and numbers that show you just some of the examples globally where hundreds and renewable energy is already reality today and there are many countries where I probably wouldn’t expect that but on the local and regional level you see great progress you see amazing work being done by Mayors by local communities by citizens by cooperatives that really take the lead and we have analyzed them and we have looked into

what what can we learn from them and what what are their lessons that they want to share with others who are still on the on the way towards this great success and we have identified five five of the key lessons learned that you can see on that slide and the first one is really making sure and that this message is getting out there achieving helps and renewable energy can generate significant cost savings and Stefan mention it in the very beginning in this presentation already it’s not only the big amazing cost capital costs mainly that need to be invested but on the long-term and when they talk about long-term are not mean 50 years but in a in a time frame where people can actually work in we have significant cost savings in all parts of the world that brings me to the second lessons learned and that helps and renewable energy strategies are not just for wealthiest countries we see cap ver de as an island in Africa having set a Hudson target and is already well on its way we see rural areas in Bangladesh setting targets or just moving towards hundreds and renewable energy because it’s cheaper because it’s more affordable for the people we see villages in India we see Pacific Islands so it’s not about the the wealthiest countries in the global north but it’s actually everywhere in the world where this is happening and we see that transitioning to hundreds and renewable energy can mitigate risks and make countries more resilient in when we have climate change from moving unfortunately very fast and transitioning to renewable energy can also in in addition to have significant cost savings can generate new economic activities can create new business models can create jobs and improve the life quality of people locally regionally as we’ve heard already from p.m. and lastly I’m achieving a fully harness and renewable energy system will require significant expanding of renewable energy in the heating cooling sector as well as in the transport sector so this is a wise lesson from these pioneers that we need to take into account that we’re not only talking about the power sector here because in many countries transport and heating is actually the this sector is where we have most harmful emissions for the environment and for human beings where we definitely need to act and fortunately we have countries like Denmark countries like Costa Rica where we can already learn from so just on one slide to summarize the future of renewable energy is a fundamental choice and not a foregone conclusion of technological and economic trends and I think that that brings me to the key barriers that we still need to overcome and where we still need to work on very hard together even though we know the benefits we know the opportunities and we still have to prove that we can scale up two hundred percent renewable energy we need to turn best practices that we’ve heard already into best policies to have policy frameworks and abling to replicate the success we in many parts of the world basically in all parts of the world we need to manage scarce resources natural resources human resources financial resources so this obviously requires all of us to work efficiently and to come up with very every efficient processes and we need to work on that and finally it all comes down to building political will so as I said it’s not a it’s a fundamental choice it’s not a foregone conclusion of of the past and we need our politicians to take that seriously and take up the responsibility to set targets and yet to make it a reality and in the work of this hundred percent renewable energy campaign that we are running with our partners have identified strategies to overcome these barriers and these five strategies that you see on this slide here came out of the workshop that we’ve done with parliamentarians from the European Union in Brussels where we discussed okay how

can we really overcome the barrier of building political will how can we build political will and yeah we said first of all we need to inform and educate citizens and business leaders about the concrete potential of a hundred percent renewable energy future so it’s really about education and information but for that you obviously need to analyze the cost savings the environmental benefits how it improves economic security and so this analysis of H and single reality across the world where all of you are now sitting in front of your computer need to be analyzed and then distributed this information so communication plays a key role really bringing the message to the key politicians to those were actually yeah designing our policy framework stainless know about the economic advantages of renewable energies and for that we need to build alliances across parties across political parties across sectors so very much this connecting aspect that was already highlighted before and obviously um yeah it’s not only the politicians in the parliament sitting but from the from the regions where hundreds and renewable energies already reality we see that citizens engagement and the engagement of investors is really key in order to to make this transition a reality so Denmark Germany are just two examples where the citizens really took the lead and brought the investment that was needed so yeah one of the tools that we want to use to overcome the barrier is this campaign where we do all that what I just said and we figured that providing the information is not enough so what we do with this campaign and with the work that we’re doing is connecting and expanding the Coalition of the Willing and that had have is already achieving or a striving for hundreds and renewable energy we want to inspire change by visualizing and advocating this helps and renewable energy future we strengthen platforms for exchanging knowledge sometimes we create new platforms because in some countries that just simply is not a topic yet so we just established that platforms we work in alliances to actually share this knowledge and we provide very concrete tools for success and to improve the understanding among the key stakeholders that need to know this in order to overcome the barriers so I have some slides where i show how this works in practice and how this some campaign is some doing its work at the moment and maybe it inspires you to engage with us in that because that’s the whole point of it so on this slide you see some of the logos from the from the organizations that are already involved in this campaign that are already working on branding hundred percent as the new normal so creating this brand of hundred percent and making sure that people understand it’s not only about bringing hands bringing renewable energy in the energy mix it’s about the full and holistic transition so we’re very happy to work with stakeholders from different fields really from civil society from research institutions from association industry associations and I think this this mix and this diversity of stakeholders really really make unique and brings in a very important aspect for this hundred percent message because obviously at 100 send messages very diverse and all parts of the world so here you see some of our pictures from gap from from workshops from parliamentary hearing from conferences where we brought together policymakers in the different constituencies to talk about how to send renewable energy and ask very critical and sometimes controversial questions is it even possible how is it possible and what what does that mean for the people what does that mean for the industry so we did that in different contexts and we continue that work with a workshop in

Morocco in November and obviously this is only possible with this alliance that i just showed in my previous slides were different organizations are bringing together different people but it’s not only about bringing people together in conference holds but actually making sure that they also see and feel how hundreds and renewable energy can be a future is already reality today and can be realized for them in the future so we’re bringing them to different places where this is already implemented and following the the motto of them seeing is believing where people really get engaged with local experts and get inspired to take it home some of the tools are also as I said providing knowledge about these concrete case studies and we do that through publications and through our online platform go 100 go 100 our net where you see a map a global map with all pioneers and I’ve had a screenshot in this presentation this is work in progress and we’re happy to also welcome some of your community’s suggestions submissions if we have not covered that in an hour and our map yet we have an e library and obviously this all serves the purpose of bringing people together in exchanging knowledge in face-to-face meetings as well so finally talking about how can we make this a global movement basically I I would say it is a global movement and with all the communities around the world islands in national governments taking a stand on that it is a global movement but it still needs a lot of push from all of us and from from all of our networks and in order to make it a reality for the world there are five key policy of recommendations that we have derived from the analysis so one is make energy efficiency a top priority this is very obvious maybe for for us here in this discussion but among policymakers this is still mcnett lik look sorry neglected because often this is not one ministry one body one authority working on this but there are actually different people working on different topics that hardly ever talk so we need to integrate this energy efficiency as a top priority in our renewable energy and energy production same goes for the electrifying the heating and transport sector where we obviously need to work on much much stronger also here we have a lack of communication between different stakeholders between the Ministry of Transport and the minister of energy for example so also here we we obviously have a lot to learn is still a lot of research going on but we can see this happening around the world and I think the key message is it is possible even though we have we are facing challenges but it is possible and we can learn from those who have tried it third policy recommendation is maximizing the opportunities for citizen participation and the development of new business models opening up the market not strengthening monopolies that have been there for decades or even longer sometimes the new business models are making the real transition and it’s not the old utilities who are the actors of the future that goes hand in hand with educating and informing citizens and businesses and communicating this and finally adopting an integrated approach to fiscal economic and energy policies my final slide I want to thank you for your patient for your for listening and I’m looking forward to all your

questions now in the webinar but also if you are thinking about you know engaging in this feel free to contact us through Twitter Facebook email whatever looking forward to thank you very much Anna and next we will hear from Nicholas Wagner who will present Irina’s remap initiative which explores how accelerated renewable energy deployment can meet an objective of doubling the share of renewable energy in total final energy by 2030 I will pass the floor to Nicholas you have to learn you you hi Nicholas you appear to be muted I think you just need to unmute yourself please I am unmuted so can you hear me now thank you very much so good morning my name is Nicholas Wagner I’m an analyst here at the International Renewable Energy Agency in Bonn Germany I will be presenting today to you a project that we have called remapped 2030 it’s a renewable energy roadmap for the year 2030 that we’ve been gate engaged in here at Irena for over two years I won’t go into detail about what Irene is but i will say that we actually have quite a number of initiatives and remap is just one of many and we also have three core programmatic areas and i work here in banda the innovation and Technology Center but we also have two very active teens that are located in Abu Dhabi what is remap remap is a roadmap focused on doubling the share of renewable energy and total final energy by 2030 it’s closely aligned with the sustainable energy for all initiative of the United Nations which has three interlinked objectives one is the doubling objectives objective 2 is to increase the rate of energy efficiency improvement to double that rate by 2030 and the third is to enable universal access to modern energy services by 23rd so ill essentially to alleviate to eliminate energy poverty so remap is not a study in one hundred percent renewables it is however a study in an accelerated scenario where we would actually achieve significantly higher levels of deployment of renewables over what is expected in business as usual as was mentioned by our panelists earlier I think it’s very necessary to start thinking about one hundred percent many liberal systems and it’s good that we’re having this discussion and I commend all the panelists and Stephanie hair dog unit organizing this webinar so we can start to think about these things remap as i mentioned won’t directly address this but i think and i can’t specifically comment on what it implies from nervous in renewable systems our time frame is also limited to 20 30 but i can say that what we present in this analysis sets the world on a trajectory that i think could imply very high shares of renewables perhaps one hundred percent on by 2050 the analysis is very comprehensive and as was mentioned by anna it’s important i think when understanding the implications of higher shares of renewable energy to understand things like costs and one of the benefits and what is the technology mix implied so that’s what i will be presenting to you today relatively quickly so i should i should move on but to give you an idea this is not a desktop study this is actually a collaborative effort with Irina and with our member countries I’m current less in the first round of countries we had 26 countries we’ve al expanded this to 37 countries so this is a process in which we collaborate directly with these countries to understand sort of energy system developments over the next 15 or 20 years and try to identify accelerating the new little scenarios where we could compile all of these and

then make a conclusion as to where we’re heading what does this imply for this doubling objective that we have its ongoing and so I’m going to give you an idea where where we start we start more or less in total final energy at eighteen percent in 2010 mrs. our base year our objective is to double this which is actually to achieve thirty-six percent the difficulty here is that of his eighteen percent more or less hat but that renewable energy you is traditional uses of biomass this is dumb this is residues wood fewer years in mainly poor countries are developing countries for heating and cooking purposes this has to be phased out entirely so really what we’re doing is we’re starting from nine percent and we’re trying to achieve thirty-six percent share now if you include energy system growth so growth in energy consumption which is expected to more or less increase by fifty percent by 2030 you actually have not just a doubling of the share you have a tripling of the share of monomania labels we have over a quadruple enough to share in absolute terms of renewable energy modern renewable energy how is this achieved well it’s achieved actually do a nexus of options so remap is also a study that looks at these are the two se4all and relieved objectives and what we show is that based on the reference case business as usual by 2030 little is actually achieved we achieved more or less twenty one percent modern renewables up from fourteen fifteen percent it’s using nine percent today we see we treat fourteen percent modern renewables if you include traditional uses a biomass of 2013 you cheap 21-percent we map replaces all of that traditional use of biomass and sees a significant deployment of modern renewables I with that you’ve only achieved roughly thirty percent renewables so to do to achieve the thirty-six percent which is the doubling we have to assume also the doubling of the rate of energy efficiency which gets as close to that thirty-six percent it’s by no means an end point we have something called r e RT plus which includes additional structural change modal shifts electrification administration and accelerated early retirement and some assumptions on breakthrough technologies that could actually increase that share even further what’s important to take away from this is it’s not just about the plan I mean UofL energy it’s about enabling modern services for energy and developing it’s about assuming a much higher rate of energy efficiency improvement going forward it’s also important to note that it’s not just about one or two countries it really needs to be a global effort and though remap initially focus on 26 countries representing roughly 75 personal of energy consumption and now we’re spending that up to 37 countries that make some countries is very diverse it’s not just developed or developing or the poorest countries its a mix of lighthouses like Denmark the large energy consumers like the US and China leaders like Brazil but also countries like Nigeria Saudi Arabia Australia so it’s important to note that it’s a collaborative effort that needs to be done a worldwide scale no one country for instance is you know can achieve this goal line so or groups of countries every country to engaged what does it imply in near 2030 well we’ve actually explored several different cases what I’m presenting to you today is the primary we map case we also have an electrification case and more of a uniform on deployment case which assumes sort of more or less equal responsibility amongst countries but to give you an idea of the mix roughly one-third of renewable energy at that point will be provided in the power sector so we let still by hydropower but with very large contributions of wind and increasing contributions of solar PV or CSP transport fuels in the form of biofuel the significant advanced biofuel production will represent roughly six and then half of energy consumption will still be in the form of heat this is space heating water heating and buildings but also importantly process heat applications and industry for low medium high temperature heat the important takeaway from this and from when the revo findings is that in order to achieve these higher levels of deployment and the induced sectors outside of the power sector for heating so in you sectors for heating

transport applications you need to assume quite a lot of use of biomass and so there’s a large if you read the report there’s a large section that focuses on the biomass question we’ve actually also released a working paper very recently that looks at this issue in much more detail and depth it’s important to note that we assume only sustainable uses a biomass that don’t compete with food needs or livestock feed needs so this is sustainably sourced biomass that’s in addition to the the needs for the population for nutrition we have however like i mentioned explored feather scenarios or cases that include electrification in the end you so essentially much higher deployment of electrification technology so modal shifts and transport electric vehicles heat pump applications and industry some industry location to where you have cheap and abundant renewable power and to give you an idea this table that I presented here gives you some of the assumptions that this implies in terms of deployment of these electrification technologies and the power technologies that are the necessary to provide power so it’s a significant growth in the deployment for instance of wind and solar PV the levels that are very very high much higher than the growth rates that we see currently what is the normal remap case imply for the power sector will it implies a significant growth it implies around 1600 gigawatts of onshore and offshore wind from around 320 today it implies over 1200 gigawatts of solar PV up from a maybe 150 today user growth rates of 70 80 gigawatts a year starting tomorrow which will apply if that’s not a cheap tomorrow an acceleration of that growth rate into the 2020s certainly something that’s possible but not something that we’re cheating currently as a business as usual you can see here the IAEA 2018 projections and the grade I what we anticipate is the reference case in 20-30 which given very recent developments may be a bit low particularly for solar PV nonetheless you can see the gap amenities between the square the truck triangle between the reference case moon up 20 30 so love it needs to still be done alone in the power sector not to mention this significant opportunity but also challenges outside of the power sector so remember that used to solar thermal technologies not just for the built environment so heating applications and residential commercial buildings but also an industry roughly thirty percent of solar thermal deployment in mmmm 2030 is actually for low temperature process heat applications and industry in totally would have to increase tenfold the area of solar thermal collectors to achieve the soil terminal share that we envision you have data submit you cannot take alone not in the electrification scenario for Justin in about 20-30 scenario for electric vehicles biofuels we have very optimistic assumptions in order to see that biofuel number again and met largely through advanced biofuels but that we have to see more or less a six-fold increase in biofuel production it’s also important to note that I think one of you know somewhere we’re actually heading where we’ve identified in remap but it seems the market trends tend to be planed and it’s that electric 2 and 3 Baylor’s particularly in Asia seem to be taking off in large quantities I think it’s very possibly even bite maybe this decade or sometime really next decade will be 500 million on the road and there’s breakthrough technologies I added this I added some of these actually as the other panels for speaking just to focus just to mention that there are emerging technologies that look very interesting my community based solar cooking in Africa for instance some of the district heating or low temperature process heat applications for heat pumps next we did mark power to gas and of course this question what will happen with them sort of ocean wave entitled power generation remap implies in 20-30 a renewable energy share in the power sector 44% it’s not from about twenty percent today the next largest share would be extra in

the building sector with roughly a third of fuels so the building sector the transport sector and industry sector exclude electricity so this is sort of a few use so this V natural gas coal biomass used for heating or transport fuel applications so this implies 30 fibers in the building sector twenty percent in industry including solar thermal and geothermal heat as I mentioned and the transport sector was fifteen percent so significant growth from today which is the blue boxes and also significant growth over what is expected in business as usual in the orange boxes on a country level it implies significant growth in most countries and you can see here a breakdown of the renewable energy share and total final energy for various countries Denmark obviously taking the lead with countries like Brazil France and Germany interestingly India’s quite however that’s because of the share of traditional biomass use you actually see to share those down and of course as you go down and see the average is set around thirty percent which is upper synonym before you take into the effects of energy efficiency other cases include as I mentioned we might be mmm you remember you actually implies a higher new energy share because every country has to reach more or less thirty percent rina he also implies a slightly higher one or two share and the power sector on some countries power sector has the highest mule energy penetration as I’ve mentioned on the previous slide on some countries approach over 80% renewable power horse in Brazil and Ecuador this is due to hydroelectricity but indeed mark this is logic you to empower some countries I Canada UK Germany this is a mix of least in Canada’s case of hydroelectric and when you cage are various is large solar inland and the average of over forty percent much interesting is that US can achieve for instance forty percent China can achieve also approaching forty percent it’s important understand what the cost implications of this are so we vote this down on technology level without going into too much detail the important number to look at is actually the far light so the incremental system cost for the total this implies an incremental system costs of 133 billion US dollars without taking into account any effects such as externalities so this actually may sound like a lot but in energy terms per kilowatt hour it’s very little it’s i believe around 2.5 US dollars a huge Williton there once in a kilowatt hour increase however it’s important to note that this implies no internalization of the negative externalities associated with fossil fuel combustion and so the blue bar shows you what the range is when you account for benefits related to better human health and less environmental degradation and for if you factor in these accounts you actually result in net savings to the economy as a whole you can think of it that way of between 123 and almost 700 billion dollars a year by 2030 to see this level of renewable energy deployment in Reema we need to have an incremental investment so an additional investment alone 265 billion per year this cost this is an investment need there would be subsidies provided you don’t internalize some of those negative externalities through something like a carbon tax for instance but there would be a need to subsidize some of these technologies to make them competitive in the market place but the important takeaway is what this higher level renewable energy would imply for the economy for instance and this is that blue bar far right of that savings of between 120 and 700 billion per year there’s also important co2 of occasions greenhouse gas implications and what we show is that renewables can contribute significantly particularly because of the high deployment and the power sector which is very carbon-intensive you can see that you can have savings of almost 9 giga tons per year by 2030 if you

couple that with avoided co2 emissions resulting from higher energy efficiency you achieve an additional more or less 7 you get tons if you combine those together by 2030 you reduced goal co2 emissions from energy related services not land use changes and energy related services to about 25 gigatonnes depending on the acceleration of that reduction after 2030 it’s conceivable then that you would be on a on a pathway towards around 10 or 12 give you tons by 2050 which is the generally accepted number that would achieve a the 450 ppm scenario the two degrees limit for temperature increase to recap what are some of the benefits of all global health global reduced health related costs would be around 200 billion per year you would actually have a net increase of roaming million jobs in 20-30 so this high level deployment not only saved money but it also result in higher employment demand for fossil fuels would decrease therefore in many countries increasing energy security and as I mentioned in the previous slide you’d actually have a significant reduction in co2 those together I think make a very compelling case for this pile share of renewables it shows that the Dublin is technically achievable with existing technologies we don’t need to wait until some breakthrough this can be done with technologies that exist today it is affordable when it’s affordable almost without externalities but it certainly it actually saves money when you account for externalities including health and environment there’s macro economic benefits so jobs increased economic activities it except the world on a pathway towards on me nor climate goals and avoiding catastrophic climate change I was an important takeaways obviously is that action is needed it’s significant action is needed not just in power but also in you sectors unless I’m electrification regime is a very aggressively attacked I would say that you need to have there’s a very strong emphasis on violence we have a policy recommendations a whole policy segment I won’t go into that that is available in the report if you’d like to look at some of the suggestions of the ways in which they eat this this remap 2030 can be achieved what are some of the next steps were actually releasing comprehensive country reports that go into much greater depth about what these accelerated renewable scenarios mean for certain countries that also looks at some of the system related effects of this high level of military deployment these will be released on for the five countries that you see there I’m or expanding our country’s go to include new countries these eleven new countries that bring a total up to 37 we’re starting to train to Action Teams one focus on the transport sector which has the lowest share of renewables so it’s the yet it’s a third of all energy consumption so it’s a it’s a sector particular attention and also there’s actually a synergy many people don’t understand between you what energy and energy efficiency so the deployment of renewable energy you actually increase energy efficiency elusive is measured from a in energy intensity of gbg standpoint which is the SE for all indicators and remap has engaged in international target setting international agenda setting and the climate process so you’d like to more information you’re welcome to email me or visit rainn.org lord sorry map and i look forward to the Q&A thank you thank you very much Nicholas and now we will open the floor for questions and so our first question actually I might answer a few questions that came up quickly and that can be addressed by me and so the first one was that it that someone was looking for the report that definitely had mentioned about statistics on wind wall see sorry I wouldn’t possible possibilities from Stanford University and I can and see if we can get badge at record and share with everyone participating today I’m sorry arena community and will provide that links following the webinar and the a generic question about I’ll answer is and someone was wondering if there is an online map for 100 with negligible energy community and yes there is and we

will also provide that link for you ok and now what you have for this question edner and a participant is saying large shares of the energy and the energy mix are only possible through significant investments in energy storage what role do you see for hydrogen in this framework and they’re referring to hydrogen as a way to increase industrial consumption next to renewable energy production sites in order to avoid avoid excess supply to the grid thank you stiff Thank You Nicholas for your great presentation and yeah on this specific question on storage indeed we need to invest in storage and we cannot work around it and we cannot push that to the next decade this is something that research institutions private sector government’s really need to take seriously i’m working on energy storage for renewable energy to achieve hundreds and renewable energy however i do see that technology already exists today and that we can transform the renewable sources that we have into electricity for different sectors we can store it I’m hydrogen was mentioned batteries are there we have cases like and yarrow where they use water pump storage systems obviously you need the right and geographical geographical conditions for that specifically on hydrogen I think hydrogen will be surely key element four hundred percent renewable energy and especially because it’s very flexible and you can use it specifically in the transport sector which I also highlighted in my presentation it’s it’s very important and it offers the great opportunity to store the excess power on site and make use of it for something else so yes I very much agree adding to that I still think that we have great opportunity to make our system or infrastructure much more efficient much smarter if you want to use that word where we can work by integrating the transport heating and power sector more effectively we can use the renewable energy much more efficiently and reduce the need for storage a lot and we see that happening in Denmark already and as I said in other places as well so i think it’s it’s not in one or only question and i think storage is not a barrier or the lack of storage is not a barrier but it’s a great opportunity and can even speed up this transition maybe i can quickly add to one of the questions that you answered stiff on the map I showed a screenshot and my first slide of my presentation of the map that we’re doing mapping hundred percent renewable energy communities and regions so it’s on goal 100 re dotnet you find a map and we’re happy to also have contributions from you great thank you so much Anna and the next question they might give to Pia and we have someone asking Brian asking if there are any one hundred percent renewable energy regions in Africa that you are aware up Thank You Ryan for this question unfortunately I am personally not aware of African regions that have committed politically to achieve an efficient renewable energy I know that there are several initiatives going on but they

haven’t been yet covered by by by our never think this is a very interesting case though to consider for the global 100 per centum campaign and map so um yes great i think i can i will give the floor to anna first and then i’ll be go here Stefan yes thank you well kept ver de is one example from Africa I know that it’s it’s an island and it’s a special case that’s usually the case with them with these pioneers but caberta is a great example where you can see that this is possible in a very different environment and then the typical example Denmark and what caverta really shows is it has an economic benefit and that it that khabardar and the people in kuberdas citizens really benefit from from lower prices from from secure and stable energy access in in that region so they are working with different other countries and local governments in Africa to share their knowledge and hopefully we see more examples on the African continent then wonderful thank you and I’d open the floor to step in as well so Africa I think this is an important question and eat and we have to be aware of course that indeed in Africa there is a large share of people that has no access to modern energy services in particular to electricity so in many cases especially in sub-sahara Africa renewable energy is the only option to go for because simply the alternative option would often be diesel generation is just far too expensive much more expensive than wind isola there are some programs now some of them supported by international organizations like the World band like it in Senegal one of our members company is involved in electrifying i think it is like 30 villages in senegal based on small wind and hydro so they are mainly building micro grids and that is based on renewable energy this approach is very promising the main question there is not whether to go for renewables or not I think this is quite clear in most of these electrified areas but how to overcome the finance problem that’s a general problem in especially in the case of renewable energy although you have almost no operation costs you have high upfront investment costs so we are now also involved in discussing how we can make sure that the necessary financial resources are available because the people you can see this from mobile phone penetration rates in Africa is much much higher than electrification rate in many countries that we can maybe learn from this people are able to pay maybe every month a small amount but they may not be able to pay a thousand dollars two thousand dollars for solar home system so this this is where we can see the main challenge but yes there is a lot happening in African countries and of course in northern Africa in particular like Morocco to the each I think it’s also quite obvious as far as these countries don’t a fossil resources that they invest a lot now in particular wind and it just I wanted to mention that we have this friday in bham we have a conference on financing annual energy in developing countries where we want to make sure that from the specially like the Green Climate Fund there is money will be made available for such investment to overcome this barrier very briefly I wanted to say something to the hydrogen because i think this question was much related to hydrogen i would like to kind of put up some criteria how to integrate renewables we should have some criteria and i think that the first kind of level of priority should be a smart combination of the technologies unmentioned wind and hydro is a very good combination if you have wind and hydro combination we may not need any kind of storage second is maybe demand

side management which could also be done these objects are usually also based on proven technologies cheaper and then the third option would be storage and within this storage of course hydrogen also has a lot role to play although hydrogen at this point of time is still a bit costly with to see all the cost will come down probably at this point of time would not be the first or second but rather than thermo thank you so much for that shot then and the next question I think maybe we will give to Anna and we have Janardhana wondering and what are some of the best policy instruments that have been used in these one hundred percent renewable energy regions or just in general for implementing renewable energy technologies so she would like your perspective on on different renewable energy policies yes thank you as already mentioned several times one of the key policies that have been implemented in those communities countries regions where hundred percent is reality is that they made use of the great potential of energy efficiency so from two ways one is by reducing consumption of electricity or heat so using less energy and the rest can then be powered by renewable sources and the other way of increasing energy efficiencies by making the infrastructure more efficient so using the excess power from the from wind not only just I’m leasing it in the air but actually making use for district heating for example or feeding it into the transport sector so energy efficiency is a key component and the second key component is that the the policy framework enabled new stakeholders to engage in the energy policy environment in the energy sector in the energy market so citizens could invest in renewable energy and by that not being only a consumer of energy but actually also be a producer and citizens can come together in energy cooperatives and yeah also sell their electricity that they produce in their own wind farm or in their solar installation that they own they sell that to the grid or they sell that to other consumers and buy that become a part of the energy market so that opens up new business models that opens up new investment opportunities and obviously through that you increase the acceptance you increase the the involvement of people in the in the new energy sector and through that you have a much more sustained novel approach to that and you you unleash the potential of new investments and you don’t rely on Leon on the old investment and only worked with you know limited funding but you actually increase private investment from citizens so these are the two key factors that I would add to that great thank you so much Anna and the next question I think we’ll go to Pia and we have someone wondering what the prospects are for off-grid renewable energy development around the world and in particular in those countries where electricity transmission or distribution lines are not well developed um thanks for this question I can basically ask some fall from that looking for instance to to India here um um the prospectus of course also to to to focus on fossil fuels on unfortunately in the next decade and also nuclear power is in some especially in the maybe the national government a paradigm see Nazem a way to address climate change but I also see a strong growing awareness and also action that highlights the great potential that lies in renewable energies in order to

alleviate poverty and 22 also decrease inequality in terms of consumption of energy sources and distribution of its negative ecological impacts so I think when you were energy shows a really good prospects and these countries in order to have a more democratic and use oriented and also maybe yeah rural development focused approach and these examples some very broad and there are many new technologies evolving in order to electrify homes and the two trophy Brigade and irrigation pumps in the agricultural sector I would also to think of small and small scale industries so Stefan has highlighted before and I think yes there is high potential and many these regions and and rural regions are moving to the direction but I think it’s a really big question and challenge solitude to find good funding sources I think this is what I can add to this question great thank you so much PA I think we only unfortunately have time for one more question and but I do want to highlight that we have the Irena community open for further discussion on this 100 renewable energy discussion so I will provide a link to all the participants and where you’ll be able to find our presentation and our recording of this webinar along with all of the presentations and so if you would like to ask our panelists for their questions that would be the place to do it and this last question I will direct his effin and it’s from Marty wondering how you reply to the argument by people that one hundred percent renewable energy is not compatible with an industrialized society yeah the I would like to ask I don’t remember the name but I would like to ask the person who asked this question why should it not be possible if we are capable of supplying industrialized countries based on very very limited fossil and Basel nuclear resources if you have a look at the resources that are available then there are some estimates that what we get from the Sun in in form of direct solar radiation also wind also solar hydro powers of course indirect solar energy and set an estimated set is ten to fifteen thousand times as much as mankind uses on a commercial basis so it is not a matter of scarcity of resources there is much much more renewable energy on our planet than what we need I try to present you the example of wind power and again wind power is just a share of what solar power would have it is of course a matter of the technologies and then using the right technology to provide this energy in a form that is used for industrialized countries that is possible we can seed actually even you can see today already that sometimes the big industries they go to countries or areas but they have a lot of hydropower available because hydropower is very cheap today so like aluminum factories they go to places like MIT osmania and south of Australia or also in we know that in Iceland there are such discussions so actually renewable energy is when you look at their long-term rather a very good argument for long-term stable power prices and availability of power you imagine a country let’s say Germany that at the moment really depends on importing let’s say fossil fuel from Arab countries from Russia we all know the discussion currently that this is a bit risky because that supply may not happen in the future aside from risk of depletion and by the way a Germany at the moment spends a hundred billion in around euro per year for importing such resources keeping this money in country would of course rather again increase industrial activities and that is for a highly industrial country like Germany is imagine what that would mean for many other countries poorer countries which spend a much higher share in proportion

of their resources for import krystle sisco and the trees lists thank you very much Stefan and now we will ask that you just participate in a very very short survey to help us with improving our webinar series so we’ll have three questions and you will see a pop-up and come up on your screen you just have to answer so the first question is overall the webinar met my expectations okay and the second question was the webinar provided useful information thank you and the last question here is the webinars present of the webinar presenters were effective great thank you very much and I see now that the first question and may not have been answered so I apologize for that and but we will continue on because we do not want to keep you too long so I would just like to thank all of our panelists for joining us today and for sharing a very useful information and to thank all of our participants for taking the time and to listen and to engage with us again I just want to apologize that we weren’t able to get through all the questions that we received today but we would like to speak with you more and we hope to hear from you and we would also like to invite you to connect with Irina both on facebook on Twitter on YouTube we will have recordings of all of our webinars on the community as I mentioned and also on linkedin so thank you very much and wish you all a great day thanks very much