Carter Emmart – Known Universe [MTD 2010]

not experiencing scientific research section of the universe appeal has been in water work with for more than 10 years and during all these years he has working on projects pounded by a NASA s market famous head and he’s also director of okay listen to this a story sensation of production and education at the Rose Center for Earth and space at the American Museum of Natural History located in New York Wow last year he was involved in making the show journey to the stars and the premier didn’t you live in dome at the Hayden Hayden Planetarium and as you all heard others talk about and this is very interesting courses will soon have a room here in your shopping just a few hundred meters away from here so it fits done we will head up please have a warm welcome for Carter come on thank you very much I’m going to just check things here to make sure all is working and I need to do a sound check I met unders in 2001 yeah siggraph in august of 2001 a month before some things happened in New York on but a year after we had opened our our new planetarium um I had come from a job doing visualization of climate change word for a very specific scientist at a place called the National Center bratton syrup research in boulder colorado but I had grown up at the Hayden Planetarium my grown up at the Museum of Natural History in New York my father was an art director for advertising agency so he knew how to draw very well have sat down to his kids i love for drawing sisters a teacher on my grandfather was an archetype what I came to work for a planetary at a museum and the idea of the artist dennis david said it was my boss my good friend actually for some for about a decade I found Dennis he I would see him at siggraph and he told me about this project in the 90s so they’re going to tear down the old Hayden Planetarium where I grown up and I thought oh that’s a terrible name we’re going to replace it with a new planetarium but it’s all going to be real time data visualization of the entire cosmos the entire universe going to be able to drive through in real time with imax resolution on the dome now this is 1995 I heard this and I thought oh my god my friend has really got crazy because he’s an artist is very good painter when he was not a technologist it was not a an engineer and but he was a visionary and so I would see him at cigarette and then my boss was not renewed he got involved in some political infighting at the National Center for Atmospheric Research and I needed a job so the next time I saw then its he was going on oh we’re going to tear down the theater next year and all this I said are you taking interviews he said oh please come to New York applied in New York a lot did an interview and I had just done with my boss a three minute imax moving my boss wanted to do imax data visualization of climate change work and so I came and I showed my three-minute IMAX film we have an IMAX movie theater and our Museum in addition to the place Carrington so I got the job and it was a scary job we didn’t have any computers with had well we had one little less young computer and it was called hydrogen we use the periodic table / puter names and we’ve gone through all the elements now but when we started off we have this little hydrogen s young and my paws and his vision and we did have a replacement for the old planetarium were rebuilding a new and that the idea of this data visualization of the entire universe was something really huge um you had to work with astronomers with their different data sets this astronomer head scarves for that group of astronomers I’ve association that

international association members has just one starts this one has just done galaxies this one you know this whole group of international scientists just studies Mars in our job was to try to glue all that together and it was a tremendous effort but it was one that a large museum would rise up to to try to do as a millennium project on at the turn of the millennium ten years ago so a year after that I meet unders and he comes from a place called lid shipping University a place I’ve never heard of nor shipping Sweden a place I’ve never heard of I heard of Uppsala I’ve heard of Stockholm through my apologies but probably like most Americans conservative okay me and some idea that’s sweeping in our heads and and I grew up with some very good friends down the street from Sweden and then they later imported me oh you don’t know Marta flinch at the University all this but anyway when I met on ders he came up to me and said I want to work with you guys because you have made the jump into visualization from a star projection of just showing what the night sky would look like with an old sort of light projection technology to a visualization front of the universe and understand scent of students defy+ tell who founded the company schist from the work that we did together and the needs that we have for the software to display the universe across all scales we started off with first some engineers–consulting graphics that helped build some software to visualize our various data sets across the stretching across the universe we worked with the National Center for supercomputing applications and the San Diego supercomputer center with experts in Leeds these two major national supercomputing facilities who have done visualization on the grand scale and we worked with them on making our first show but our goal to drive across the universe was something that has taken a lot of work i have had 12 students from lynn shipping university thanks to understand under says enable us to really change what in hell we’re doing work the students from this university have all been top-notch of all work incredibly well with us and andre i depart right here sitting here was my student that’s all he’s now my chief technical director for making the first piece our opening show in your new dome and as a great honor to be here to do that so as you may have known i gave a talk at ted i was invited because some of the folks some of the people from Ted came to a world science festival event that we had this is an event that happens in New York City at many different places and we hosted a discussion of cosmology in our dome at the Hayden Planetarium for the World Science Festival last spring and so some of the principal people from Ted came and there were a lot of strong murs talking about cosmology but what caught their eye was that somebody behind the console was able to drive through the universe and so they called me out sort of the last minute said can you come get a six minute talk at Ted it’s really argued about six minute talk I probably already talked her 18 mins so I’m going to run this back just a little bit since we have the audio and I’ll start this piece the known universe this was a collaboration with the rubin museum of art that nub actually that’s been himalayan art mill seats bet sort of in the camera view as we pull off but this is a art museum in new york but they were doing a comparative cosmology shown they wanted to work with us what you’re seeing here is this a statement this is uh pieces on youtube if you just request no universal find it but this was the idea and this we’ve come sort of full circle to wear this is now on youtube we’ve got four million units of our since december 15 let the dream is to go from Earth in the States and rise up this these are a series of massive data sets that we see we’re

looking out over the earth fading up clouds here loved through the atmosphere this was all recorded live in the software but the seussical inch of me were able to create had 12 students so far this unique view software which is now software that does support by the company’s kiss and suck home but the ability to visualize omens the data sets for the orbits but all satellites around here the lower orbital satellites that we see they go around the earth or in 90 minutes and then farther out we see an engagement of GPS satellites and beyond that you see a fairly strong line you see over the earth’s equator out about 22,000 miles sorry for miles and kilometers of the geosynchronous room farther out the moon’s orbit so this ability to sort of go from almost human scale down on the surface of the earth on out through space it’s been something as I say of a dream to be able to do of course a precursor was the movie the powers of ten i actually have it with me and i I’d show just a little bit those of you who might be unfamiliar with it but this ability to sort of fly anywhere I flew this live at my corner cafe lower east side of manhattan had to do many different versions so i was happy with it but what you’re seeing is a lively the stars are distant stuff from our closest our catalog that spray do search shows that are extent our radio signals out into the skeller database and then beyond that very small portion of the galaxy is what we actually see of stars and then around into other much larger database of galaxies that have been turned so far this work from Brett Tully bringing catalog of catalogs of galaxies together and then finally these almost butterfly wings as it points out there empty areas where we get map this empty areas are essentially because the Milky Way blocks are beautiful boy the plane of the Milky Way we’re immersed in this you saw oh well and then finally if you look farther about the farthest thing we can see is the youngest Sigma can see because everything is coming to us traveling at the speed of light so that represents our cosmic horizon literally in space and in time and we’ve mapped that only in the last decade we come back the bright objects transitioning to the inner galaxies and then the galaxies completely surround us we’re flying back to our patient but also we’re flying back to the President and near a star ptosis for or see it 40 years ago the galaxy is about 100,000 light years across we live halfway out the light in the center of galaxies takes about twenty-five thousand years to get to us the light we see from the center of the galaxy left when we were basically using stone tools putting the first art and cables silly come all the way back seen from afar we would only see the flare of our star here we have the artificially limit to actually see the orbits of the planets see our solar system the outer planets Neptune Uranus Saturn Jupiter ours the orbit of the moon it’s a quarter million miles but you can see very tiny or two where it is curvy our space this is difficult coming back after doing this whole flight across the universe to come back and try to come back into the Himalayas and come back over Southeast Asia and circle ground tibetan plateau here so this was essentially the talk I gave it Ted but it represents really a culmination of a decade’s worth of attempting to visualize the cosmos in a way that’s

understandable from going from something that’s familiar mountains maybe it’s not familiar to you standing into bed maybe some of you who have been to Nepal and see the Himalayan mountains but that’s that’s our piece Brian Abbott manager of the digital universe applets colleague ever close to good so great so I’d like to do is actually show you some of the work that led up to that or the facility and where it come from so I’ll bring that up hopefully Nancy just do a they do a slide show ok this is the Hayden Planetarium that I grew up bad and this is a picture taken right after it was opened in 1935 on that battle I’m pretty old but which we can see here as you can see the old school buses and this tree by the way is still there I’m figuring out but this this is the footprint of the old Hayden Planetarium a sort of Art Deco building you can see the extent of the American Museum of Natural History around it facing out in this direction or running parallel to this wall on the other side is Central Park West as the central park is in that direction and we’re looking south from 81st street and so but inside the theater inside the dome with something sensational on the year that we open 1935 was about 10 years after the first one of these was built in llena Germany and the Zeiss company made this elaborate optical Beast this was a optical mechanical slide projection system that could that could show you the sky and present accurately the stellar positions and so here you see if somewhat fantastical drawing showing a crowd of thousands underneath one of these domes but showing the skyline of New York and the lecture standing here with a laser essentially when we didn’t have lasers back then so but a star pointer to point out the constellations now this optical beast could roll around them it could wreck it could replicate the diurnal motion that we see the starters tracking across the sky if you can also give you the months and then the thing could have a completely tip to show you the southern skies and so on and this was essentially the workhorse of a planetarium up until we decided to put in video projection and turned the dome into a visualization Center and so mr. shows this is a mean around that era this is actually 1869 I show this picture mainly to show that I was inspired by go in the museum and seeing the dinosaurs and coming home and my dad took this picture but I think it goes to the heart of why I’m standing here today and talking to you all I think it’s probably why most of you are sitting in this audience that you’re interested in the subject you want to do something creative you want to make something new you want to do something for the first time that’s ever been done and being inspired by the museum is big part of my life this is Yosemite Valley but it’s a diorama this is in our our whole North American mammals and I love to show this picture because it’s not so much the Coyotes which you see it’s a kind of the exhibit really but Harry Wilson who painted this he died in 1970s but he was a virtuoso of these backdrop paintings right here is the border between what is the diorama and what is the background and so he’s done this painting and you see this puddles reflecting help Kathy time in here here’s half dome over here in Yosemite Valley in the Merced River but this reality is this this beautiful painting

that takes you and puts you in this place our job of visualization is to put you in front of the universe like we just saw just took you out there and this rectangular projection but when you wrap that are on your head planetarium we are essentially taking you into in the traditional sentence into your backyard the middle of Central Park your buildings around you and you’ve got those stars above your fantastical and so you’re out in an open field and that dome is just a metaphor for the infinite in the sense of when we go out and we stand in a field somewhere you see that beautiful Scott it might as well be a big bowl over your head took us a long time to figure out that it wasn’t it’s actually larger than that and that these dioramas trick us they trick us in this ends we’re there we stand in front of a there’s a big glass plate here and look into this thing but it’s it’s it’s to take you and put you there in an era in a big city well this is built in 1930s people weren’t traveling around the world as much they are today or jets and things like that and take you to other places around the room this is a picture taken on the same location is that that picture I showed you from 1935 and the place is completely rebuilt in fact they tore out the old dome and they put in a new so this sphere actually here you see the small shot nuttin large but anyway that the sphere stands on legs the top half of which is the new space theatre with a horizontal flooring it’s not tipped I like the tip idea of what’s going to be here in this visualization Center is more of a sort of as you all are sitting here have the dome over you it’s more like sort of flight simulator moti but ours is a traditional planetarium on designed by the architects with the constraint that we were going to have a modern star projector but there was no decision on whether we were going to have visualization and projections on their dome so it looks like down below sphere that’s a terrible base theater you see this ramp coming out you actually go you the idea is if you go to the space theatre up top you see the latest fill visualizing the universe and then you walk down into a ramp that’s actually along along the what you see here looks like an a-frame but you’re just seeing a distortion from the lens in a corner thats rammed walks all the way around a square walk around the auto glass wall and that gives you a scale walk of the universe with various scale models comparing to the sphere at one point this here is the Sun and they have models of the planets at you walk a little farther you’re getting smaller and smaller this is the electron cloud around a proton about the size of your fist in front of you and then you walk into the big bang and you have a recreation of the the first of the universe this is something when i go home we’re redoing actually you know it is starting in May and then you walk out on a ramp of time what you see here and you walk from the Big Bang to current time we’ve been around for about 14 billion years so this ramp when you take one step you’re walking typically about a hundred and fifty million years and the amount of time that humans have actually been on the planet essentially since artwork has been created in cave walls it’s of birth is about the width of a human hair at the end of the ramp so it’s kind of humbling in time and space that’s the facility looks like and this is actually a shot from making a show called Sonic vision in her mother dome this is alex gray painting come to life in the sonic vision show so great I’d like to do is give you a quick excerpt of the the most current show that we have and but before I do that I wanted to show it sort of goes into that first and so just navigating back and forth between between mac and windows is difficult i get that the other cake you heard go this is sort of how the process starts out how we make our shows you just you’ve seen in the very beginning on the dream come alive that we can actually fly manually for the universe all these

different data sets and create the movie that you saw a very quick movie the known universe but for our main venues for our our main movies that we made we’ve only made four of them in the last ten years that we craft storytelling with major themes of the cosmos through data visualization and we’ve done four shows as i mentioned actually 5 i’ll explain the fifth one but the main shows get passport to the universe that’s what we opened with which took you through the universe similar to what you saw in the known universe actually which we can now do flying you know in the cafe on a laptop but it took a lot of work doing that on big computers 10 years ago we bought essentially to do the visualization work we had two large SGI multi video pipe systems and that’s probably the reason that under has even talked to me was that that we had research grade equipment to do our shows and that also enabled us to do our shows with research facilities such as the National Center for supercomputing outpatients in the super and the San Diego supercomputer center on working with the SGI sort of a large unique system that we were able to work closely with those facilities but the idea has to start out essentially with some notion as we sit down and have discussions with the scientists and they say what’s this going to look like