Nov. 17, 2015: Changing the World Through Social Entrepreneurship and Social Business

bon apres-midi revenue a la première dakar config hansel innovation sociale Akhilesh Becker lecoq second on a parlay dr. david jordan let em della confidence dogs Udrih a sans le monde parle de propina olinda please sociol i chose to open today’s introduction in french as a token of solidarity and support for a great nation in distress tomorrow the college community will come together for a ceremony at noon at the peace pulse on the who stir in leicester campuses to show its support and solidarity for the people friends we’ll hear more about tomorrow’s event after today’s lecture and welcome to bakers first of four lectures on social innovation these lectures are part of the qualities preparations and celebrations around our Eunice social business center these celebrations of course will culminate with dr. Muhammad Yunus ease visit in early April 2016 my name is leo Eric Leodis I’m the college’s provost and I’m thrilled to introduce our speaker today the lecture series on social innovation will be presented by dr. david jordan the topic for today’s lecture is changing the world through social interpreter ship and social business dr david jordan is the president and chief executive officer of the Seven Hills foundation during its 60 years the foundation has cared for people who have the ability to thrive when given the support respect and dignity that all human beings deserve the foundation utilizes models of medication assistive therapies and positive behavioral supports to sell children and adults who need medical intensive interventions supported with clinical expertise and compassion in the least restrictive environments david has led the foundation and its operating affiliate since 1995 as president he is responsible for the overall clinical and business operations of seven hill foundations and affiliates which currently include over 206 locations 3700 facial and support staff in an annual operating budget of just over two hundred million dollars a trustee of Baker College David earned his doctorate in health administration from the Medical University of South Carolina and Master of Arts in special education from Salva Regina University a master of public administration from Clark University and his bachelor of science in business administration from the University of Rhode Island with over 35 years of experience in rehabilitation education and health care management dr Jordan has a profound understanding of social businesses in how enterprises can combine social utility in financial sustainability please join me in welcoming dr. David Jordan thank you for that very kind introduction I am excited I’m enthused I’m happy to be here with you today and I’m going to try to spend as much time as I can giving you as much information there are two two ways you can go about these things we can take a bit of time and talk about not a whole lot but make it Pleasant or we can try to share and and dive deeply as fast as we can with as much information as possible and I’ve chosen the latter today why because I may never get to meet you again and the topic that I want to talk about in the top X in my opinion are so relevant to young people today you are going to carry the future my generation the baby boom generation Bleu it we worrying about things like McMansions and Lexuses and nice fancy things and what we’re leaving you is an environment that’s degraded social issues around the world social issues here in the United States a number of issues that you and your children particularly to our students are going to inherit do I think we can address them yes I do i do I believe that with all my heart for one reason every semester I teach at least two courses at Clark University and every semester I come away feeling more optimistic than ever the future is in the hands of our youth and it’s up to you to make a change you have to be the change and so these are some of the things that i want to emphasize to you

today and I’m happy at any time if any any student here particularly or faculty would like to follow up and chat further about anything that I’m about to share I’m delighted to I’m happy to what was not overly mentioned or mentioned in and the introduction is that perhaps the most important thing that I do beyond my work in healthcare at seven hills is my teaching at this stage in my career there is nothing more important that I can do seven hills is a wonderful organization I’m blessed to have great staff I support thousands of individuals in need but it’s my few students every semester that I take the great great pride and great concern with because they’re going to be the next leadership not only do I teach a Clark but has also blessed this past year to be named the first professor of practice here at becker college professor practice in social innovation which emphasizes Becker’s interest and focus on really getting serious about changing the world you know we kind of slogans all we want be the change change the world whatever of all the colleges and universities I associate with and there are a number of them this is there’s only one college in the united states that i feel honestly believes that as doing something about it and that’s becker college through your commitment of global citizenship your commitment to take people around the world and expose them to determine and focus in on the individual needs of every student i can think of no other university or college that has such a determined effort around this focus so with that I want to throw out lots of information to you and let’s see where it takes us not at the end I’m going to extend to you a challenge a challenge for is all going forward so I was asked to talk about this this notion of changing the world but let’s ask ourselves the question why do we need to change the world what are the issues in the world we want to change so let’s start there because there are boatloads of things for context I want to throw out and suggest to you the Millennium Development Goals which are written by the United Nation in 2000 that run through 2015 this year in September of this year we adopted the United Nations the World adopted the sustainable development goals but I want to talk first about the Millennium Development Goals the challenge that i’m going to offer you all and i’m going to offer the board here at becker and i’m going to offer the leadership at becker there is not one university or college in united states where every graduating senior has a broad working knowledge of what the millennium development goals or the SDGs are about what is the context of the world in which you function my hope my desire my dream is that at one day maybe beginning this year or next every graduating student here at becker college will at least know that there are the MDGs and more importantly there are SDGs if you do that you will be the first university or college in the United States of America where every graduating student can at least say I know what some of the social issues are in this world and I can do something about them so that’s going to be my challenge to the university’s administration and board of trustees and and I hope that I can work closely with the faculty the folks that guide our education and learning here I want to talk a little bit about the case or social entrepreneurship and what this thing called social businesses and then I want to end by giving you some of my own perspectives on social entrepreneurship and social business and what I do in there in the realm of social entrepreneurship so some of the issues that we face obviously are here poverty run amok lack of education for girls around the world health care is not evenly distributed population growth in the Year 1800 we had 1 billion people the year 1900 we had 2.1 billion people in the year 2012 we had seven billion people today we have 7.3 billion people and a biology major here hmm you know what the term carrying capacity means yes you do Karen capacity means that you put a bunch of rabbits on an island that island can only accommodate so many

rabbits and then they begin to die off the earth that we share is an island many scientists are suggesting that the Earth’s carrying capacity is somewhere around 11 billion people do you know when we’re going to hit 11 billion people in your lifetime not mine in your lifetime and certainly your children are going to have to deal with that how are we going to accommodate clean water sanitation education health care foods food security and a variety of other issues if we don’t begin today trying to accommodate those very very pressing needs that I guarantee you you will not escape from cognitive dissonance any psychology majors in the room when issues become too difficult for us to wrap our head around we pretend they don’t exist call cognitive dissonance we cannot avoid these issues that we’re going to talk about but we can begin do something about them and we can begin today we must begin so let me give you some backgrounds and background facts and some of the issues that I want to chat about infectious disease 3.2 million people are at risk of malaria today in 2015 almost 500 million people were affected by malaria and over a million people died malaria simple pill easily accessible in this country in any western country they cost a few pennies per pill a million people around the world died this past year as a result of malaria in Africa children under five or seventy five percent of those who will succumb due to malaria tuberculosis is another very pressing need how about our environment some topic that I want to talk about in the second lecture series and in the next several months it’s perhaps one of your greatest challenges dealing with our deforestation causes extinction of approximately 100 species of flora and fauna a day tonight when you go to bed a hundred species will be gone per day co2 continues I remember five or ten years ago scientists saying that if we ever reached 350 parts per million of co2 in the atmosphere we’re in real trouble do you know what we are as of this morning 300 98.5 parts per million in the atmosphere and that’s rising for a lot of reasons global population being one industrialization being another I don’t know how we’re going to turn the clock back on that but that’s the future that we have looking square at as in the face we’ve already blown by 350 we’re heading to 400 and Beyond sanitation and water 800 to a billion people on the planet lack access to clean drinking water everywhere anyone have clean drinking water today do you know how precious the commodity this is I work in places like sierra leone and liberia in the bush and i have people drinking sewer water because that’s it that’s what we got and so we have to begin thinking about wells and making more available clean water to people we made good progress not enough how about sanitation over 2 billion people on the planet out of 7 billion don’t have a toilet or have access to sanitation that’s going to grow as our cities become enormous 20 30 million in size over the next 20 to 30 years access to safe water according to Kofi Annan and the United Nations is a basic human right that nearly a billion people on this planet don’t have access to malnutrition and hunger globally about 160 million children under five were estimated to be stunted meaning their growth is stunted forever because of malnutrition or lack of nutrients in their food united nations estimates 800 million of the 7.3 billion people we have today on the planet or one in nine suffer from chronic undernourishment forty five percent of children in Southeast Asia are undernourished and underweight malnutrition is still devastating the poorest of the poor not in the developed countries I’m not now I’m not malnourished I don’t see anyone in this room and it’s malnourished we live in a beautiful little fishbowl but there are hundreds of thousands and millions of children and adults in the developing

world four billion people at the bottom of the pyramid who do not have access and food security about reproductive and child health maternal mortality rate in developing countries in 2015 is about 239 deaths per 100,000 live births in the u.s. it’s about 12 Sweden it’s about three we’re going to find this repeated constantly if you happen to be poor and if you happen to come from areas of the world that are under-resourced you are at a distinct disadvantage we at becker are significantly advantaged so the question is what do we do how do we uplift and dignify people who are poor childbirth is one of the leading causes of death and women in the developing world ninety-nine percent of all maternal deaths occur in developing countries and every day approximately 850 women die I have a clinic in Sierra Leone built in the bush and women come to us every day some of them don’t make it because they have to walk for 20 miles and they die this is this is not fiction this is my reality and the reality people that I am privileged to work with by the end of 2015 over 300,000 women will die unnecessarily during childbirth so those are some background facts on on some of the things that we and you have to deal with but so let me talk briefly now about the big context so how do we wrap our head around all the various social issues that we could possibly think of well the United Nations did as a favor back in two thousand they said okay there’s so many issues what we want to do is be able to prioritize and we’re going to prioritize eight significant issues that are affecting people principally in the developing world Africa South Asia certain parts of South America certain parts of the Caribbean not necessarily in Europe certainly not necessarily in North America but in the developing world overcoming poverty as Nelson Mandela has told us is not a task of charity it’s an act of justice muhammad yunus will tell us that poverty is a man-made construct and should be aggressively eliminated his ambition is to eliminate poverty why not or should we say how about if we eliminate fifty percent of poverty and the other fifty percent what we’re always going to have the port the ambition is to set the bar high and to allow you to figure out ways that we can eliminate poverty it’s a man-made and it can be overcome and exact ated by the actions of human beings sometimes it falls on a generation to be great and I believe in the bottom of my heart and I say this with all earnestness and absolute utter belief you are that generation the students attending Becker and Clark and WPI and Holy Cross and Harvard and Stanford and every college in the United States and in Europe that is privileged you are the generation there is nobody else there is nobody else you are it and I know you don’t like to hear that but there is no time and there is no other resource your generation will be the generation that people will look back 200 years from today and say they were able to turn the tide on environmental degradation on this gross pneus of poverty on the streamlining of how do we deal with a population of 11 billion people how do we deal with cities you’re it we’ve got to figure this out together so we created back in two thousand eight millennium development goals the United Nations did the first was to eradicate extreme poverty the second was to achieve universal primary education why because children particularly girls are not afforded education in many parts of this world anyone ever heard here the young woman named Malala hmm great thank you she co won the nobel peace prize for her stand against the taliban when they shot her in the head because she wanted

an education in pakistan and she stood up and she survived and she fights today to make education for young girls or right and not a privilege the third was to pro at gender equality and empower women is a great chinese proverb that says women make up half the sky women make up half the sky you know as a man i want as much help as I can possibly get and for men to not allow women to take their rightful place in all aspects of society to earn comparable wages that to have same status to be able to control their bodies to stand as a dignified and valued human being is just stupid on our part we need to value and promote gender equality fourth is to reduce child mortality we are losing too many children under the age of five two simple things like measles and bad water improve maternal health there are different areas of the developing world with higher maternal mortality rates in Sierra Leone for 15 years ago the maternal mortality rate outside the city of bow Sarah Lyon was one and eight one in eight women died in BO Sierra Leone five years ago giving birth an outrageously high amount of death unnecessary death because there’s no primary health care combat hiv/aids and other diseases ensure environmental stability and develop a global partnership for economic development number eight was bono bono from YouTube he would argue constantly that what we need to do when he’s right is to create economic development charity is not sustainable let me repeat that charity is not sustainable martin luther king told us that in his vietnam war speech ebenezer baptist church compassion is more than fleeing a coin to a beggar it begins by removing the artifice which creates the beggar in the first place and what he was saying is give people jobs economic privilege and rights education whatever the society affords everyone else that’s where compassion begins don’t fling a coin welfare but yet we continue to do the same thing in the developing world trillion dollars has gone into Africa over the past 30 years in aid and not a whole lot of progress to show for it because we are not engaging Africans in their countries not all countries most countries in Africa in economic partnerships what we’re doing is fleeing a coin why because we want their bauxite we want their oil and we want to out of other resources I see this firsthand in Sierra Leone when I last visited there I was taken to a soccer stadium that the Chinese are building a soccer stadium in a country that has fewer than 300 doctors beautiful soccer stadium olympic-sized soccer stadium no one will be able to play in it no one has adequate sneakers but they have a soccer stadium and the and the quid pro quo is you give me the bauxite up in mckinney the northern part of Sierra Leone and we’ll build you a soccer stadium in a road and that’s the trade-off that’s what we have done in the West to the poorest of the poor and that has to stop so in the in the united nations again in two thousand created this these eight millennium development goals so that we could get our head around what were the most important and that ran until this year they end in December 31st we’ve spent the last year in the United Nations now trying to figure out what do we do for the next 15 years what happens from twenty fifteen to twenty thirty what is what is the sweet spot of your generation going to worry about and so what we’ve now created what the world has created through input of millions of people is something called the sustainable development goals and what they’ve done is they’ve created 17 of these let me share a little bit additional information although we’ve made good progress with the MDGs because we have some form of unifying agenda we’ve come together finally we need more we need a lot more we need to do much more so again let me talk to you briefly about some of the highlights of the MDGs so

what did we accomplish well we have the number of people now living in extreme poverty made great progress is declined by more than half falling from 1.9 billion people to about a billion people this year so we have about a billion people living at about a buck 25 US dollars per day try to live in a buck 25 us per day not very easy the number of people in the working middle class burning actually more than four dollars a day has increased substantially it’s tripled the proportion of undernourished people in developing regions dropped by almost half since 1990 when we began thinking about how do we coordinate our mg’s MDGs the number of out-of-school children particularly girls who would never allowed an education has dramatically been reduced why because we focused on it why because lots of women all around the world finally stood up and said stop these girls need an education and I don’t care what country you’re in or what customers you have you owe it to your children to allow them to be educated and it worked women standing up for girls finally worked much more to do gender parity in primary schools has been achieved in the majority of countries not all but the majority over 62 million people malaria deaths have been averted although still many many many died between 2002 2013 TB diagnosis and treatment intervention saved an estimated 37 million lives just TB worldwide 2.1 billion people have gained access to improve sanitation we still have 2 billion that don’t 147 countries have met their mdg drinking water target we still have about a billion people that don’t have clean water an official development assistance from developing countries increased sixty-six percent between 2000 and 2014 I’m going to suggest to you that’s not because we’re nice I’m going to suggest you it’s because it’s in our enlightened self-interest developed countries have fewer children just statement of fact lots of papers written on this if you have a developed strong economy you naturally have fewer children the United States went through the same process in the 1800’s we have lots of kids eight eight or nine kids per family we became an industrial nation suddenly our population dropped it is an are enlightened self-interest if we want to begin leveling off this tremendous growth in population if we allow the rich to become richer and the poor to become poorer and economists in a room it’s called the Gini coefficient named after an italian economist Ginny who determined that there is actually a quantitative measure that he could calculate in fact Worcester has a Gini coefficient Massachusetts has the Gini coefficient the United States has a Gini coefficient and he proved that the larger that Gini coefficient the greater their likelihood for social unrest and anarchy and civil conflict all we have to do is just keep pushing out the wealthy beyond the means of the poor and guess what’s going to happen we’re going to have conflict what do you see kering in the Middle East right now an economic disparity that is so out of control we have people millions of people migrating out of countries in the Middle East so in enrollment and primary education and developing regions has worked we’ve done a good job primary education we’ve achieved we’ve done a great job universal primary education yes the issue of reducing child mortality we’ve made good progress still more to do promoting gender equality and empowering women many more girls and owned rolled in school compared to 15 years ago lots of progress more to do mdg for again seventeen thousand fewer children due to char mortality deaths under five many more too many much more work to do in an area of child mortality and that can be looked at in terms of basic public health water sanitation basic health care basic immunizations and you can

reduce child mortality substantially how about mdg five the issue of maternal mortality we talked about fell forty five percent since 1990 we made very good progress but only one one woman and every number of them received any form of basic prime of care prenatal health care tremendously needed five improve maternal health again made progress much more to do number six the notion of combating hiv/aids malaria and other and other diseases again made very good progress still a long way to go particularly in areas of tuberculosis and other problems that we face hiv/aids etc mdg number seven 2.6 billion people have gained access to improve drinking water about a billion or left need to work on that this is another one that concerns me the environment 13 million hectares of forest continue to be deforested and destroyed every year why because people need food we have a growing population they need to be fed what is the answer cut down a lot of trees what does that cause more co2 which has a negative circular affect all of these things ladies and gentlemen are inextricably connected 2014 more money was increased for mdg 8 which is economic development we need to invest economically in the developing world if we don’t we do it at our peril if we want to hoard what we have here we do so at our peril and I would also suggest to you that the lifestyle that we enjoy today I hope we can maintain anyone want to guess how much oil reserve is in the ground how many years we have left 30 30 years left to oil someone some social entrepreneur some social business some corporate magnate better figure out a replacement for fossil fuel we have 30 years left how old are some of our students 20 well there you go we have got to figure this issue out so despite much success what yet needs to be done with all of that said we’re now at a point in 2015 where we’ve taken stock lots of good progress lots yet to do women are still not fully educated girls need a better education health care needs to be promoted the environment is a train wreck right now which will be the topic of a discussion that I’d like to have at our next meeting it is so dire that there are some scientists are suggesting we’ve already reached the tipping point it may be too late I don’t believe so I think we can reverse but I worry about the conflation of co2 is that we currently have in the atmosphere our growing popular in the world and the fact that we have Russia China in India coming online who are becoming more industrialized and all one has to do is pick up a magazine to find out what’s going on environmental II in China very difficult circumstances and China and soon-to-be India which will surpass China in a real population over the next 10 to 15 years India will be the largest country they’re all going to require fossil fuel they all want access to clean water they all want everything that you and I have and there’s only so much to go around so we’re either going to have to figure out new and better ways of sharing our Commonwealth or we’re going to have to change the lifestyle that we’ve so enjoyed the algorithm is pretty clear the next 30 years is going to be critically important so now that we’re through 2015 we face the next 15 years sustainable development goals and I want to run through very quickly not going to spend a lot of time I’m actually I put a lot of information on here because I want to leave this PowerPoint with dr

pelota Fontaine and if any faculty want to use any bits of it parts of it all of it if students want to access it my interest is just sharing information so that you are better informed about some of the issues that you’re gonna have to deal with whether or not you’re a nursing student or a business major or healthcare major or a computer app mass digi major we all have skills that need to be brought to this table not not one of us does not have a skill that we need to bring to the table and I’m going to talk about that just a moment when we talk about social entrepreneurship and social business and then I’ll open it up for some questions so what are we going to look at over the next 15 years what are the next fifteen-year big issues that the world has to accommodate call the sustainable development goals well I’ve broken them out in two major categories and the major categories are pretty clear one is dignity in poverty and to fight inequalities poverty is the big issue we need to fight poverty so the SDGs r 1 3 and 5 relate to that all over those in a minute people ensure healthy lives knowledge and inclusion of women and children women and children have been left out we need to bring them back in and give them a much stronger role in finding solutions to our global concerns the planet perhaps the biggest concern your generation is going to deal with perhaps last week I was out in California doing some work with an energy company Marin County clean energy and all they’re talking about in California is about energy how are they going to access enough electricity enough broad energy to accommodate its growing population in a way that’s sustainable that isn’t dependent upon coal or fossil fuel there they are just overwhelmed with this issue while at the same time they’re facing the worst water crisis they’ve faced in a hundred years they don’t have any water and you don’t feel that effect until you’re in a community that doesn’t have water partnership how do we work with developing countries to uplift them so that they can become part of our global economy that is the wisest thing that we could do is to partner in uplift to reduce the Gini coefficient yes they’re always going to be wealthy people and quite frankly I’m a fan of capitalism within parameters within parameters but we need to partner with poor countries and poor people we need to give them jobs mama June has created something in 1976 microcredit revolutionize the world particularly for women one of my organizations is a micro fund we provide microphones to farmers and and people around the world and I see it every day the change in people with a fifty-dollar micro loan or twenty dollar micro room anyone ever hear of yeah please share that information please students do not buy your dad at I he will never wear this Christmas please don’t do that faculty share with your students the wisdom of of giving in a selfless way a loan not a gift alone go to ki VA org begun seven years ago by two people your age out of Berkeley California who figured out they knew a lot about technology just as Tim low and all the folks here at mass digi know a lot about technology figure out how do we use technology to change the world Kiva did it to young people figured it out go to Kiva give you a data gift card out of Kiva and sit down with him and look at all the people around the world that you can make a loan to the last one is prosperity how do we grow our economy so the first is this notion of no poverty these slides by the way were taken last week in Berlin at the unis social business conference that dr Johnson and I and in others here at the universe the first of the new SDGs is to end poverty Muhammad Yunus has this bold audacious goal poverty is man-made let’s figure out a way to get rid of it anything short of that is just not good enough so let’s figure out how to end poverty that’s goal number one the

second one is to eliminate hunger too many people today as we’ve talked about our malnourished or undernourished I see it in my work we don’t think that that exists anymore trust me it does I see bloated stomachs in Liberia in Ghana in Sierra Leone in Kenya I work in an area in Kenya called kabira anyone ever heard of kabira Kabir is the largest slum in East Africa think about this 1 million people 1 million people live in one square mile you have you can’t imagine the compression of human bodies and the children they are bloated stomachs why because there’s not enough to eat and there’s nowhere else to go a million people in one square mile we need to eliminate hunger you need to eliminate hunger in the world and there are many ways that I’m not going to discuss today that you can read about how we can do that the proportion of undernourished people in the world in 1990 was almost twenty-five percent of the world was malnourished in 2013 it was fourteen percent we’ve made good progress fourteen percent of 7.3 billion people is still a lot of people that are hungry we need to do something about that goal number three is provide good health and well-being provide health care for people around the world I am constantly astounded that the wealthiest country in the world the United States of America is still arguing basic health care for the poor in this country over 50 bills in Congress have been submitted to try to reduce or eliminate or thwart the advancement of the Affordable Health Care Act if you have health care if you are congressman or a senator no big deal I got health care if I work no problem for a company that affords me health care I have health care what about the 40 million people who are underinsured or not insured at all this is what President Obama was trying to get at and we as the United States share in that burden and so yes we pay a little bit more and companies pay a little bit more to accommodate the needs of health care take that and exponentially blow it up to the world where they’re in many parts of the globe there is no health care none zero if you’re sick you’re sick if you die you die quality education again particularly for girls in the world we have made good progress through the MDGs the SDGs is pushing this even further we need to work on this to provide education for children 1990 the percentage of enrollment in primary education was only eight percent 2012 was 90% we’ve made progress two percent of the world’s children are now in an educational environment pretty simple basic Sarah Lyon we have two schools primary education for about 600 children you know what they asked before when I go to sur la owner Liberia or even Kenya don’t ask me for money little kids don’t ask me for money you know what they asked me for on the streets when I walk I want to take a guess pencils why because for them education is everything ten generations before them never knew how to write read or add anything and for a child in in a developing country to be able to spell their name on a piece of paper or to be able to do sums is just beyond belief anyone here first generation college student I am my parents and grandparents came from Portugal my grandparents never spoke English my parents first language is Portuguese I was the first person in my entire family to ever go to to graduate from high school and then go to college I know what the privilege is to have an education it’s amazing for a kid in Sierra Leone or Guatemala or Haiti where I work to be able to do basic things that we just take for granted and pencils pencils are gold collect pencils dr. pelota Fontaine and I are taking eight or ten students from becker to a partner that I have in loma linda

guatemala we need pencils for those kids pencils not money we need pencils sdg five gender equality let’s uplift women let’s make sure that they are in fact half the sky as the Chinese proverb goes provide them equal privilege and equal rights gender parity index for gross enrolment ratios in 1990 was 0 point six nine two thousand twelve point nine nine we actually surpassed our mdg goal made good progress more needs to be done six clean water and sanitation we’ve talked about this a number of times a billion people on the planet don’t have clean water two billion people on the planet defecate in the bush or in lakes or streams that’s great if your fav a stream the problem is villages tend to migrate and populate by streams so if you can imagine this you are the first village upstream hmm okay and outside of your Hut upstream is where you wash your clothes drink your water middle stream is where you you know clean things downstream from your village you know 50 yards is where you defecate that’s your toilet village one is great can you imagine being village 25 and what you are drinking and then we wonder why the mortality rate for children under five is so high in developing world because there is no clean drinking water I would love any student or faculty at becker to join with us and go to places like sierra leone i’ll be in sierra leone and ghana in january and be able to see how wells our hand up there’s no drilling equipment soul hand dug and what people do the first time they pump I still today cry every time I think about it looking up when we built a well in bhandara the well had never been used because we were dedicating it that day eight hundred villages came to dedicate a well and whereas we were talking the village leaders were talking I remember sitting there looking up and three little girls had walked over to this well pump true story and unbeknownst to anyone else because I was facing them they started pumping the handle and all of a sudden all of a sudden water comes out and the girls jumped up and started screaming hmm it’s the first time they’ve ever tasted clean water and that’s what’s a billion people on the planet don’t have and you and I need to make it happen somehow affordable and clean energy we need to make available new ways of producing energy that is affordable sustainable and clean decent work and economic growth for all people in Haiti Haiti is probably the the country I go to that is the biggest train wreck it’s not only poor it’s dangerous and it’s angry why because there is no economic development there is no or little decent work on the same island of hispaniola that haiti and the dominican republic share if you fly over the Dominican Republic is all green beautiful resorts this zip lines we can go and have a ball the same island you fly over Haiti it’s brown all the trees are cut because people use it for firewood there’s no economic development and young adults young men in particular are mad the gini coefficient strikes again and I get off a plane a white American perceived to have plenty of money and you don’t think I’m not particularly liked I’m resented who are these people think they are coming down here to solve my problems in Haiti just give me a goddamn job that’ll solve my problems don’t fling coins at me give me decent work and I’ll do it but without jobs I’ve nothing in Haiti has nothing nine industry innovation and infrastructure that’s where you all come

in innovation we’ve got to figure out new and better ways of bringing technologies to the developing country there are no landlines telephone anyone have a landline at your home your parents perhaps telephone with a wire connected to it yeah there’s you know they don’t even conceptualize that in many parts of the world because it completely flipped and jumped over that technology it’s absolutely cell phones we need to provide more technology to the developing world so that they can jump hopscotch much of what we had to go through so that they can be quickly uplifted reduce inequalities particularly with women particularly in women and jobs and payment and work we need to create sustainable cities and communities as I said earlier we’re going to see a proliferation of cities around the world that you cannot even possibly imagine today in 2015 cities of 30 million 40 million people and more you see the for the first time in history last year we have more people living in urban settings than in rural settings the world is flipping to an urban environment and we’ve got to figure out how we’re going to accommodate policing good good politics water sanitation Mexico City Mexico City I don’t want to mexico city spends nearly half of its time pumping in water because they continue to run out of it hmm mexico city doesn’t have enough water for its population and that’s at 20 million 25 million wait until it is 40 what are we going to do then we need people like you we need scientists that are young we need people to figure out agronomists to figure out how do we capture rainwater how do we capture water from the hills and sustain it through forests so they can be pumped into these huge urban settings responsible consumption and production of property of goods materials businesses many of you are going to run businesses or going to work for businesses or perhaps your family’s own businesses we have got to figure out how to be more sustainable in the world and how do we run these business in a way that we can continue on for the next generation climate action as I said earlier perhaps one of the biggest issues you’re going to be concerned about or have to deal with this is a topic unto itself unlike any other emissions of co2 in the atmosphere in 1990 was 21 today it’s over 31 and i guarantee you that’s going to increase as a result of greater population and greater industrialization particularly in india and china what are you going to do how are we going to figure this out how are we going to create products and services scrubbers do whatever we have to while we’re at the same time cutting down forests which our co2 some sinks although all the directions are going in the wrong way and we’ve got to figure this one out we need social entrepreneurs and social business people to figure this one out pours life below the water do you know that ninety percent of large fish are gone done deal you ever see that that show on TV wicked tuna or something that one tuna fish is like twelve thousand dollars why because there aren’t very many tuna fish left in the world anymore and once they’re gone ladies and gentlemen they’re gone life on the land again we’re losing a hundred flora and fauna a day a hundred species extinct forever we’ve got to figure out better ways to address that peace justice and strong institutions what’s going on now in the Middle East is a good example we have so much turmoil going on with civil conflict migrating people what to do with migrating people how do we support them what do we do here in Worcester to support immigrants how do we accommodate new Americans how does Europe accommodate them particularly after the advent of what happened in Paris the other day we’re going to have you’re inheriting a world of shifting migrant populations of mass scales looking for one thing a better life a life that they can give to their children roof over their head and education some food reasonable amount of dignity and when you don’t have that people move so let’s be prepared for shifting world and finally partnerships and it’s all about partnerships it’s all about trying to figure out how do we link the business community in the world the government sector of the world and ultimately the most powerful sector of the three the

most powerful by far the emerging power you the citizens sector that was not true until the mid-1990s why the mid-1990s the internet we suddenly were able to talk to each other around the world instantaneously before that we couldn’t and so government had power business had power citizen sector pretty much we reacted today that’s all changed Arab Spring great example governments topple when enough citizens get together and create social change do you think mr. starbucks woke up one day and said you know what i think we ought to pay farmers in guatemala more money for coffee because I feel real good about that nope a bunch of citizens young people young hippies out in this Northwest said it’s not fair I’m not going to buy your coffee till you pay people a fair wage and that’s where the whole concept of fair trade came not because of industry or government it came as a result of you young people college students who said enough I’m done you’re gonna have to do something about this so now you have a working knowledge that’s the sustainable donut you have a working knowledge of two important critically important things that again I’m going to repeat that I hope all college students at becker by the time they graduate at least can say it to anyone i know there were MDGs and I know there are SDGs and these are the most critical social issues that we need to work on in terms of humanity if every graduating student at becker college can say that you will be the first college or university in the country to have every graduating senior say I know about that I may not know the details I never may not be able to recite all the facts and figures but I know that our world is in trouble and I know that there’s something called the SDGs and I know that I can do something about that if I want be that generation you want to change the world at least be aware of these things and tell your children and tell your friends and tell your parents and if you can do that Becker will be not only the first college in the United States to be an officially sanctioned the unis center for social business but you’ll be the first college university that i know of anywhere that can say every senior that walks by that stage can say yep I know about them so I call upon all faculty the nursing department biology department the business department the mass digi department departments somehow possibly one-hour lecture use some of this take it use whatever you want to share with your students that there are such things that the context of the world that they live in is much larger than the textbook that they are reading for this test the textbook that they’re reading for the test is important but it’s pales by comparison to the context of the world we’re about to inherit so understand that there are MDGs that there are SDGs and there are issues that we can deal with just a few more minutes so where does social entrepreneurship and social business fit into this whole realm of things well we’d have to go back and define what’s entrepreneurship is you know if someone says to me well I run a donut factory so I’m an entrepreneur wrong an entrepreneur is different from a business person an entrepreneur is an artist an entrepreneur does something innovative there’s something creatively different creatively disruptive that’s an entrepreneur a business entrepreneur bill gates the world’s Steve Jobs of the world Malcolm Forbes of the world they’ve done something different and new they become business entrepreneurs entrepreneurship is a creative process that pursues an opportunity to produce something new replicating something that already exists is not entrepreneurship it might be a good business but it’s not entrepreneurship began by jean-baptiste say back in the 17th century when he called entrepreneurs he coined the term venture some individuals they did weird things they just did stuff differently definition has expanded over the years from seizing opportunity to creating new and dynamic opportunities innovation is

the big word Peter Drucker famed economists not every small business is entrepreneurial or represents entrepreneurship innovation seizing opportunities change or what defined entrepreneurs and so that’s sort of vector for an entrepreneur you want to be an entrepreneur the three vectors what do they really do they innovative they innovate they creatively disrupt they mess things up they do things different they take something that exists in tweakin that’s an entrepreneur and why do they do that in my opinion because that’s their artistic muse there are artists there are actors there are songwriters there are singers there are people that live by the nature of their artistic bent they have to do it they have no recourse it’s part of their DNA to create architects create beautiful buildings as an expression of themselves and business people do the same entrepreneurs create something new as an artistic representation of what they want to express they’re also really good at identifying what the market is moving toward Steve Jobs was not a computer expert you know what Steve Jobs studied in college and what turned him on to Apple calligraphy he studied calligraphy he loved design and that’s why Apple computers came out with green and orange and blue and brown shapes and IBM’s were black and flat and square hmm he was an artist and finally they measure their success their acceptance their their their love if you will by the profit that they produce that’s their measure that’s the metric if people buy my product they love my art our best hope for the future of humanity lies in the power and effectiveness of socially motivated highly empowered individuals to fight for changes in the way we live think and behave this perfectly captures the essence of what a social entrepreneur is Jeff Skoll co-founder of ebay left ebay co-founded Skoll foundation just like Bill Gates left Microsoft and founded the Gates Foundation it’s the same it’s the same talent pool it’s the creative expression moving from business to the social world social entrepreneurs are practical dreamers who have this talent and skill and the vision to solve problems they have a vision for the future and stop at nothing to fulfill that dream of the future this is one of my favorite because it is so poignant margolis and walsh in 2003 said the world cries out for repair it’s a great old song says you know the song went when a man loves a woman never hypno that song when that guy sings that song you can feel the power just pulling at every sinew within his body he’s singing with such a depth and when Margolis and Walsh speak about the world cries out for repair they’re not just they’re not just words the world does cry out for repair and it’s up to social entrepreneurs it’s up to students sup to faculty it’s up to all of us to figure out how to repair that world and that’s their vector same as the business except for one they’re innovative their creatively disruptive they understand where the market is going but they measure their success not by profit but by social intent and social output social entrepreneurs are not content just to give a fish or to teach out a fish they want to change the fishing industry so be a social entrepreneur be a social activist be a nonprofit leader can be anything be a businessman be a businesswoman let me just spend two more final seconds two more minutes talking about this last piece and how it relates to Becker and why I’m so proud to be associated with becker and how becker is leading all the colleges in worcester all the colleges in massachusetts and is in fact leading many of the colleges in the united states and you think I’m blowing smoke

I’m not much better things to do Becker is taking the lead on issues that are so important what we need to do is sing that stuff from the rooftops and for you students during this room do not squander the opportunity that you’re being given there’s nothing going on in any campus in united states that i know of as important as what’s going on right now here at becker with your notion of global citizenship and with your awareness of social innovation so the big question is should business care at all about social responsibility should they care about homeless people business and these are the two guys that began the debate peter milton friedman famed economist back in nineteen seventy wrote an article new york times said absolutely not business of businesses biz of this business it’s like Scrooge and the Christmas Carol the business of businesses business make profit pay taxes that’s all response to do in davis in 2005 said absolutely not the world has changed business does have a social responsibility and we as business people in the world need to make sure that we accommodate the challenges of the communities in which we work what does it mean to say that business has responsibilities only people can have responsibilities well businesses are made now of people Davis argue is that social issues on our companies that treat social issues is either irritating or simply unjustified vehicles are turning a blind eye to impending forces that a potential to alter strategic future in fundamental ways and so along comes this guy named Mohammed yunus event in 1976 microcredit he’s now moved on to something else and it’s called social business in social business takes social enterprise social entrepreneurship even further takes corporate social responsibility and shared value even further he’s an amazing human being nobel peace prize winner 2006 he’s going to be here in Worcester at the presidential speaker series here at Becker Becker not Harvard not MIT not Holy Cross not WPI is got all the money Becker that says volumes and he’s going to talk to us about this notion of social business investor led business creation but has no stockholder dividend payments think of Newman’s Own when you go to supermarket by newman’s own spaghetti sauce all the profits go to social causes well Mahmoud Eunice is now called calling for worldwide revolution in capitalism changing the nature the fundamental nature of capitalism that’s that’s pretty big and he’s saying capitalism is good money is okay but what we need to do is also create within profit making business as a component piece that produces profit for that one sole purpose social good why because we need to respond to the MDGs in this SDGs we have too many issues to address here are some of his principles you can talk about another day was basically getting vest errs to invest in profit making companies all the profits however are returned to social good what a wonderful perspective of capitalism I never thought this possible in my lifetime to even begin having this conversation in the 1980s greed was good you know we loved greed I went to business school and I was told you know greed survival of the fittest put your competition out of business don’t care about anybody else except you world has changed and you what you are that change that’s Muhammad Yunus so I’m going to tell you a little story about your president so I had a couple of students at Clark University in my social entrepreneurship class and I loved social entrepreneurship went back to Bangladesh both of them both bank bengali and began working at the unicenter Grameen Bank and through them and this is 1 this is Xena dis llam and through Xena and Fabio ferozi and I hope one day you’ll get to meet them they went to Muhammad Yunus and said there’s

something going on in Worcester this place called worcester mass we think you ought to open this up for a unicenter first of its kind in the United States of America and he listened to them he listened to them and he said well and that’s a big that’s a big deal so he asked me to come over to Bangladesh to dock on I did this was in February of this year and this was my first meeting with Muhammad Yunus this this for me is like meeting I don’t know a rock star and I teach Muhammad Yunus I teach microfinance I employ microfinance with hundreds and hundreds and hundreds of people and suddenly to meet Muhammad Yunus was for me a great personal pleasure even held up a shirt at the end of a one-hour meeting with him he looked at me and said where do you teach I said I teach it at Clark University um I have some work with WPI and I’m on the board of a place called Becker and he said oh so might your students are from Clark so this is where you want this Becker this unison go to Clark natural fit right students were from there I teach there I said no I have a better place and I tell you this because you need to recognize the type of leadership you have I said no it’s not going to go to WPI and it can’t go to Clark can only go to one place it can go to Becker college if you will have us and he asked me why in this meeting and I said because when I needed help there was only one college president that stood up only one and I asked a bunch of them and that was your president robert johnson when i needed to bring two young people from Sierra Leone who were poor Sam and Betty Kanu many of you may know them they are the son and daughter of my partner pastor Michael Kanu and I needed to give them an education so that they could go back to their country and do something great they have not two pennies to rub together hmm and I went to Clark and I went to WPI and I begged hmm we don’t do that can’t do that and I came here and I went in Robert’s office and I asked him the same question and I expected the same answer no can’t do that and instead he looked at me and he said I can make that happen in fact I’m going to make it happen you tell them they have a scholarship that’s why the unis center for social business the first in the united states of america is at becker college opening this coming few months from now and becker college will be world known as a result of it because of this commitment to people to young people to global citizenship into global social good anyone can get a degree in nursing biology mathematics science history and anyone you go to any college and get that anywhere it’s only one college that you can go to with this type of DNA commitment to people who want really and truly to change the world and it’s not just a byline or a nice little throwaway on their website it’s a commitment to do something great and when he said he looked at me Muhammad Yunus and he said okay I I almost fainted and then I gave me sure it which I happen to have in my backpack and he gladly held it up and that was the beginning of our discussions for a Eunice social business center you know at becker college and the development of social business first in the United States first in Massachusetts first anywhere Becker not bad Robert and I then went over in March

where is able to sign the protocols with dr. Yunus to bring a unicenter to to Becker college which you’ll be seeing unfold in the weeks and months ahead so I end with this be a great businessperson make a lot of money I’m all for it and when you do give something back become a non-profit leader become a social entrepreneur become a social business owner work with and do whatever you want become a great nurse become anything but never ever forget ever ever forget that too much is given much is expected we are given everything the fact that we have a roof over ahead a bed to sleep in a night or refrigerator in our house somewhere maybe a few dollars in our pocket make us the one-percenters of the world we may not think so but it’s true that’s where I work I’m not going to talk about it today you want to talk about it another day i’m happy to do that but i don’t just talk about what I do it’s important like Becker that you do what you talk about so think create inspire repeat think create inspire do it again so I end with this this is my challenge to you I asked I told you I was going to ask you at the beginning what would you like to do before your time ends that’s more relevant question for me and perhaps some of the faculty in the room we’re getting closer to that time you’re still you’re still in the sweet spot you’re you’re in your 20s you’ve got a long way to go but this is the existential question this is the question in my opinion that transcends all others take your tests study hard next semester take more tests study hard but at the end of the day this is the question you’re going to have to answer what would you like to do before your time ends okay thank you very much you