Hazelett Forum – Dr. Ora Pescovitz: "My Path: Learning, Leadership and Life"

good evening is this working okay touch the microphone bad things have happened in the past when I’ve done that welcome to the eighth annual hazelett of women in leadership forum I’m pleased to see so many familiar faces here as well as a number of new faces I’m Phil khakhra I’m director of the Randall L Tobias center for leadership excellence most of the executive associate dean Indianapolis for Indiana University’s Kelley School of Business and you just quickly mention that you should have picked up question cards when you came in if not they’ll they’ll be handed out a little bit later but at the end of the talk if if you could write down any questions you have and then we’ll have some Q&A depending how much time we have left this phone is sponsored by the rad well to buy a center for leadership excellence the IUPUI chancellor’s office and the IUPUI office for women like to begin by recognizing ambassador Randall L Tobias who’s here with us tonight without his generous support and great interest in leadership studies we would not be here tonight and again thank you ambassador Tobias ambassador Tobias was recently named a trustee of Indiana University as well and I’d also like to recognize another trustee he was here Janice Farlow hey you are you stand up she’s the student member of the IU board of trustees and his then as an MD and a PhD student here at the IU School of Medicine I’d like to say just a few words about what we do at the Tobias Center the device center was founded with a gift of five and a quarter million dollars to Indiana University by the Randall L Tobias foundation the purpose of this gift was to create the Randall L Tobias center for leadership excellence to study and expire and inspire excellence in leadership the center is a university-wide entity this housed here on the IUPUI campus and was officially inaugurated in 2004 the center and its programs are collaboration of for Indiana University schools the Kelley School of Business the School of Education the School of Public and Environmental Affairs and our brand new school the lily family school of philanthropy the divine Center is a source collaborator and convener on the subject of effective leadership we’re committed to the practical application of scholarly research and cutting-edge leadership practice we bring together the best knowledge and practice from all sectors including the worlds of corporate community education government religion medicine social service and other nonprofit leadership we have 22 faculty fellows around Indiana University who do research on leadership teach classes in leadership and provide support for graduate students who work in the area of leadership a loser fellows program is our signature program of the Tobias Center it’s designed to enhance the already demonstrated leadership skills of a small group of high-level leaders these leaders from a variety of different sectors including business government hospitals foundations private and public schools churches and other nonprofit organizations they learn from leading practitioners and scholars in the field of leadership they learn from each other problem solving over the course of the year the fellow study both the elements in the context of leadership through monthly meetings in a year-long program they travel to different venues to experience 24 hours of immersion in leadership studies in context is diverse as military leadership which we study at the Muscatatuck urban training center we look at religious leadership at the Benedictine leaders at the Benedictine st. meinrad our shabby we look at implementing change and team building in Bradford woods and achieving maximum a team performance through a real race car pit stop exercise on a pit row at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway it’s always very exciting each spring we host a three-day conference to explore the

latest leadership research and problem-solving techniques will also host a series of leadership lectures including this one we gathered here tonight for the annual Haslett women in leadership forum this forum is named after Susie hazelett I’m pleased to welcome members of the Haslett family who are here with us tonight husband Bruce mother will chance daughter Laura and at least four or five others if you could stand Susie was many things I particularly enjoyed the fact that she was born in Seattle as was i shortly after her birth her family returned to rush Ville Indiana where she grew up in a state where state fairs are very important Susie was the queen of the 1962 Indiana State Fair she had degrees from Hannah or college in indiana university she was the president of the children’s museum guilt in recipient of the Guild’s coveted Spooner award Susie helped developed the rush County Community Foundation and served as its first director she served as the executive director of the Lawrence Township Education Foundation and was a member of the hanover college board of trustees she was a marketing director for Trinity homes an independent consultant for nonprofit organizations providing strategic planning and fundraising services under her outstanding leadership the literacy for Life program was created for public and private schools statewide she was the executive director of the Randall L Tobias foundation was grabbed the funds to create this Center will die EP like Chester Jo Beth Cohen me Suzie established a framework that created the Tobias center after she so suddenly passed away from ovarian cancer ambassador Tobias suggested that Tobias owner established a leaders in lecture series in her name and we were very pleased to do that next I would like to about one minute talk about Lori burns mcrobbie the first lady of Indiana University she was unable to be here tonight but she she sends us a video presentation so if we could have that next good evening I’m Lori burns makati first lady of Indiana University and it is my pleasure to welcome you to the 2013 hazelett women and leadership forum a yearly program of the Tobias center for leadership excellence here in Indianapolis I regret that I can’t be with you in person tonight but fortunately for the help of the fine video technicians at IU i can bring greetings virtually the hayslett forum recognizes excellence in women’s leadership through showcasing the money outstanding examples of what women are doing throughout the state of Indiana and beyond as we’re all acutely aware we are in an age where leaders in every sector are challenged by problems of daunting complexity and often global impact and we’re trust in public and private institutions alike is on the decline this is why the work that the dibala Center does is so vital to the future of the state of Indiana our nation and indeed roll it’s also why we gather here tonight to remember Suzy hayslett who exemplified courage and vision and all that you did to inspire men and women alike to become leaders who can make a difference Suzy hayslett was a role model for some many during her lifetime and she continues to be now role models matter because it is through seen leadership in action that will learn a power and potential for leading change and gain insight into the motivations and values of others and ourselves but perhaps even more important is that we see diversity among the role models the more we hear from both women and men as well as from those who represent minority groups different professions and communities of interest and other cultures the male we understand how progress occurs and how each one of us acting in the interests of others can help transform our communities for the better our keynote speaker tonight is a wonderful example of leadership in action and I especially regret not being in indianapolis in person tonight to hear my friend or Pescovitz speak all exemplifies excellence in her chosen profession of medicine in the leadership of all the Children’s Hospital in indy and now at the University of Michigan’s

extensive medical research and clinical operations in the support of the Arts and in her dedication to ensuring that the people around her for colleagues for patients her wonderful children are able to achieve their goals and make progress in addressing the many issues today tonight on behalf of our you and my husband Michael are allowed to extend special greetings to all and to congratulate the hazelett forum and the debate center for their steadfast and critically important advocacy the equity and excellence and leadership at all levels welcome to tonight’s film and now I’m honored to introduce our speaker dr hora Pescovitz if many of you know from her years here in Indianapolis our campus at the Indiana University School of Medicine she served the school of medicine from 2000 until she left for Michigan from here we she oversaw a dramatic growth in the research at Indiana University School of Medicine and excellence in children’s health care Riley Children’s Hospital during that time the school’s research Enterprise nearly doubled in size 133 million to nearly 260 million dollars per year in grants and contracts she also oversaw the construction of 700,000 square feet of new research space for the school of medicine since 2003 or began her work at Indiana University with the executive associate dean of research affairs for the School of Medicine in this position she had ministered the Indiana genomics initiative which was funded with 155 million dollars in grants from the Lilly Endowment this organization laid the foundation for the next generation of IU research building on the discoveries of the human genome project and helped jumpstart the state’s life sciences economic development efforts were also contributed to the creation of Indiana University clinical and translational Science Institute estate and white collaboration of University scientists businesses and government to translate the discoveries of basic science into improved health care for patients another numerous accomplishments she served on several early bio crossroad task force’s the initial selection Support Committee for the Indianapolis Zoo prize the Dean’s Advisory Board of the harem school of art the board of the barnes jewish studies center at indiana university the board of the congregation of beth el’s Adak the board of the clarion north hospital and central indiana United Way board in 2004 she was named president and CEO of Riley Children’s Hospital while continuing her work in the school of medicine as the leader of the nation’s sixth largest pediatric hospital she oversaw the expansion of Riley services across the state as well as the construction of the 470 million dollar six hundred and seventy-five thousand square foot Simon family tower she had another leadership role when I you President Michael McRobbie appointed her as interim vice president of research administration tasking her with a restructuring of management of research for all of Indiana University’s campuses in 2009 Ora Pescovitz became the University of Michigan’s first female executive vice president for medical affairs and health systems CEO in that royal she oversees 3.2 million dollars billion dollars in revenue and 490 million dollars in research funding and is responsible for the leadership and management of the UM hospitals and health care centers the UM Medical School the clinical services of the UM School of Nursing and the michigan health corporation or as nationally recognized as a pediatric endocrinologist and research who have published over 180 for papers and books it was elected the Institute of Medicine in 2011 also then on physiologic and molecular mechanisms responsible for disorders of growth and puberty with a focus on the development of novel therapies for those conditions she has received numerous awards for her research teaching and leadership his small sample that includes 25 women to make a difference from the Michigan Women’s Foundation the northwestern Alumni Association Merit Award the distinguished Leadership Award Michigan business and professional association the 2011 robert h williams distinguished Leadership Award the endocrine society and claims of Detroit Business 2010 newsmakers of the year she was elected as one of the 50 hospital and healthcare women leaders by Becker’s

health review or served as the president of the Society for pediatric research the nation’s largest pediatric research organization president of the ross & wilkins pediatric endocrine society chair of the March of Dimes grants review committee a member of the board of directors the hormone Foundation the National Association of children’s hospitals in related institution the Children’s Miracle Mile Network Hospitals she’s currently on the boards of the Association of academic centers and Arbor spark in life technologies I could go on for half an hour at this point I would like to ask or to come up and give her talk but to tell you the truth I have to give my talk because I think you gave it already so thank you so very much feel I’m really a so incredibly appreciative of that extraordinary generous introduction there was really no need for that and like I said there’s no reason for my talk anymore so thank you so very much I really would like to acknowledge ambassador Tobias for first of all for creating the Tobias center because I think it’s really a wonderful center and it’s doing tremendous work thank you for everything you’ve done for Indianapolis I’m delighted that we’re neighbors and friends and so thank you for everything that you do and to the Haslett family thank you for everything that you have done as well I have to say that it’s a really tremendous honor and a privilege to be here to speak in honor of your your lovely loved one and i have to say how much this means to me and although first lady mcrobbie is not here i did know that she was going to do this video but only just a couple days ago because i happened to see her in the football suite at michigan on saturday and that’s when she told me that she wasn’t going to be here I didn’t actually know that she was planning to be here but she mentioned that she was going to make this video so I happened to see President and First Lady McRobbie and I thank her for that very generous introduction so I’m delighted to be here to speak at the hazelett women in leadership forum and I hope that this is ready let me go back one because although i didn’t know Suzie Haslett I’m certain that she and i would have been wonderful friends from what I’ve learned about her and you spoke so beautifully about her fill I understand that she was an incredible woman she was obviously a loving wife a wonderful mother and a great here in Indianapolis I know that she and I shared a love of children both our own children and others children as well I know that she was passionate about education and that she had a great passion for education here at IUPUI and that she loved her work here at IUPUI as did I and I know that she cared deeply about others and that she was indeed a great leader and that’s what we are here to talk about today which is women in leadership and so I know that it is indeed my loss that her life was cut too short by a terrible illness and we who work in in medicine are working hard to make cures for diseases like ovarian cancer and I hope that one day others who suffer from this disease will be saved and will not have to endure what she unfortunately endured the invitation to first come to speak here today came from Chancellor Charles pants and I understand that he is actually tonight off with his lovely wife Sandra who’s speaking in California and so I shared this picture of Chancellor bands and his lovely wife Sandra with my late husband mark and me and because I think it’s a wonderful a reminder of a wonderful time that we had at a very important Indianapolis celebration and this was at the opening of the conrad hotel our first five-star hotel here in Indianapolis and this is a number of years ago and that celebration was actually held in of riley hospital and all the proceeds from that event went to open the Conrad but went to honor Riley Hospital and it was at the time that I first became the CEO of the hospital and so it was a very wonderful time and I show the picture to remind me of our friendship the work

that we did together and to celebrate Riley Hospital as well so I’ve been asked to talk about my personal path and what I’ve learned about leadership and I decided to tell you a little bit about what I’ve learned about life as well but you’ve already heard about my entire path so i don’t really have to tell you very much about that but i feel a little bit uncomfortable telling you about my own path and leadership because in this room i see so many people who frankly have achieved so much more than I did starting frankly with Suzy Haslett but so many other people that I see here in this room today could really give this talk and frankly have achieved so much more than I have achieved so my goal for today frankly would be that each of you might come away with maybe just run little tidbit and I hope maybe the relative thing that each of you might take home from some of the lessons that I have learned throughout my now not so sure twice so I hope to share with you some of the things that I’ve learned and that was my assignment by the way so I don’t want to come across as arrogant but it was the aside with the Charles gave me he then went off to California so I was asked to tell you about my path and I decided not to start with my conception although as long as you’re good so instead i’m going to start actually instead of starting at my conception i’m going to start in ninth grade and i’m not going to keep you here all night but the reason i’m going to start in ninth grade is because ninth grade for me was actually an important turning point in my life now i’ll tell you why it was important you already heard that i’m a pediatric endocrinologist so pediatric oncologists are very interested in different phases in life and my particular specialty area was puberty and so I like nice grade because it’s an important time in puberty and for me especially 9th grade was important because I took a class that was called research and development so development was an important thing but it was especially important for me because I was the only girl in this class and I really like that fact that I was the only girl in the class because it was really fun to be the only girl in the class but the other reason whatever they like this class is because it turned out to be a fork in the road in my personal development so up until that point in my life starting from the time that I was about six years old I’ve been playing the piano quite seriously and in fact I thought that I might go on to a career as a classical pianist my mother was a pretty strict mother and I had been playing the piano pretty seriously and i thought that i was probably going to play the piano professionally but in ninth grade i took this class called research and development and the class was quite interesting the class required that you design an experiment and the you develop a hypothesis and the the experiment test the hypothesis and then you determine whether or not the hypothesis is correct but this was the 60s the late 60s and I was interested in music as you already heard and so I decided to test the hypothesis that if you played music to plants that they would go I wanted to know what they grow so my experiment was to have three groups of plants a group that you played no music to that was a control group and a group that you played classical music to and a group that you played beatles music to rock music so I had three groups of plants a group got no music the control group a group that got Beethoven music and a group that got roll over Beethoven okay so that is my experiment now I bet you want to know what happened well here’s what happened you’re not in the plants grow because I wasn’t very good at growing plants and i’m still not i’m not going to be a gardener and here’s whatever that it was terrible to grow these plants but i was fascinated by the idea that one could design a hypothesis to test and answer a question it was fascinating to me and so i concluded that i loved science it was such an amazing thing to me that one could ask and answer a question that could test a

hypothesis it was just amazing to me but I also good that I wasn’t really interested in testing questions about plants and I wondered whether one could do the same thing about questions about people and was it possible that one could ask questions about people and as it happened I grew up in bethesda i noticed that when those slides that they were showing in the preview they actually showed a slide of me and bethesda maryland that’s where I grew up that was in the backyard of the National Institutes of Health and I was allowed to then go and do experiments shadowing scientists real scientists at the National Institutes of Health and these scientists were actually asking questions that tested hypotheses in people and so I realized that one could actually become a scientist that asked questions about human health and you could actually test questions that might address questions about humans that might allow us to gain advances about human health that might one day lead to cures like cures for ovarian cancer and that led me to challenge whether I might actually want to be a pianist and instead and I didn’t know the term at the time but I thought that maybe I would want to become a physician scientist and so let me down towards thinking about going to medical school and in fact shortly after graduating high school I ended up enrolling in a 6-year medical program which was college in medical school and so I went to medical school at 18 and five and a half years later I graduated from medical school with a MD and a husband and many of you here know knew my husband Mark and together he was a year ahead of me in the same program a 6-year medical program the two of us actually went off to pursue a respective careers mark went on to a career in surgery and then to pursue a career in transplantation so he became a transplant surgeon and I went on to pursue a career in pediatrics and pediatric endocrinology and then all those things that you talked about but here’s a look at us pick it up a peek at us from our time at the National Institutes of Health we actually went back to the National Institutes of Health together and this is an important picture and I show it to you for a reason because we were doing research at the time mark was doing a fellowship at the National Institutes of Health where he was actually studying Pig immunology and I was doing my pediatric endocrinology training and I know I look fat there but the point of this picture is to say that we were doing more than just research and and this was in late nineteen eighty-three and the product of that we were doing in there happens to be sitting in the front row here today and I part of the reason for showing this is just say that was is about more than work and so I do want to make that point about balance and I also want to make the point here that this picture was taken at a baby shower and this was a very progressive place the National Institutes of Health because this baby shower you might assume was being held for me but actually this baby shower was being held for Mark and they invited me to come and that’s why I was in a hurry and I was wearing my coat I was seeing patients i was doing an experiment and I rushed him for this picture but he was relaxed because mark was just there having the party and the baby shower was for him and I was in a hurry and I just happened to bump in there for a few minutes so he looked very very relaxed and he was at ease and he was having a good old time that of course is in contrast to this picture three and a half years later where he doesn’t look so relaxed it was later he’s half asleep because the real off balance thing wasn’t working out so well for him by now he had two jobs he was working dad died as a transplant surgeon and three kids later three kids and three and a half years later we were very juggling in the work-life balance thing and it was a real challenge having said that I would say that it was all very much worthwhile as you can see that he was trying very hard to keep his eyes open read books to the three children and hold them all in his lap but he did he live managed to juggle this quite successfully I will

admit so during this time we made for professional moves and one of the challenges of course in juggling work life balance and you have a dual career is of course figuring out who takes whose career takes priority and precedence and this is a very big challenge and we did manage somehow to figure this out but not without some some tension in our marriage at various times during our marriage and I think that it’s something to acknowledge and deal with we did manage to deal with it and of course the most exciting time you happen to mention 1990 but the reality is that the big year for us was actually 1988 and that was the year that was probably one of the most stressful years in our marriage and that was the year that for me i discovered that we were moving to india no place and for me that’s really what it was because at that particular time i had really never heard of Indianapolis I didn’t know where I had to pull out a map and Mark said you know I really really really want to come here and it was at a time when Mark was being offered a great position here in the Department of Surgery and for me that really was no option and I mentioned this because it is a lesson in what one has to do if one is juggling in balancing a career with that you saw the last picture three little children and it is an important thing but as you also heard from the generous introduction that Phil gave me it did turn out to be quite okay because all the wonderful things that happen to me here at indiana university school of medicine and Riley Hospital which I’m not going to repeat because you said it all already it turned out to be for us the best years of our lives both professionally and personally because so many spectacular things have happened to us as individuals but more importantly I have to say and I see so many of you here that were so critical to me personally during that time and I’m just looking out to see you here in the audience I have to say that I take so much pride and joy in your individual accomplishments for what you did and I see my successors here in the audience a number of you and I just want to tell you that you know I’m bursting with pride I think about the IU School of Medicine and Riley Hospital as my fourth and fifth children and I just want to tell you how much it means to me to see the successes that continue to take place here under your stewardship and so I’m I feel great privilege that you’ve invited me home again but in 2009 I leave to go to the University of Michigan and it was a sacrifice personally to give up both research and patient care but I traded that for the opportunity to watch an extraordinary health system and to leave an extraordinary health system go on to try to lead the nation in healthcare healthcare reform biomedical innovation and medical education and that’s really what I do today so I’ve been able to talk about what I believe are some of the elements of successful leadership and so in my remaining time what I’d like to do is to try to talk to you about what I believe those important and necessary elements are and so I’m going to go through some of these and so I believe that to be a successful leader one needs to have goals and they should not be just ordinary goals I believe that they need to be aspirational goals and it’s not sufficient to just have aspirational goals but once you have those goals and they are aspirational then you need to have a plan to pursue those goals having said that once you have aspirational goals you can’t necessarily stick to your goals that you originally had you bet you have to be flexible and adaptable and of course I’ve already mentioned this but balance is essential and that’s not enough to because without somebody to help guide you and mentor you you will not achieve your own successes everybody needs a mentor and I believe that successful leaders are happy leaders so I’m going to go through now a little bit of time on each of these points and tell you why I believe that each of these is exceedingly important so let me take a few minutes now and use myself as an example by telling you what i mean by achieving goals and I’ll just use my own goals at different stages in my life and tell you what I think about these so 30 years ago I had goals and I tell

you what they were I had my first goal was to have six kids I left kids I told you that I wanted to have six of them I was very serious about the piano even though i was going to medical school I still wanted to play the piano and I expected that I would play the piano semi-professionally even though I was going to play the piano even though it’s going to automatically I was still gonna play the piano but in order to do that i knew that i would have to practice medicine part time so those were that’s what i thought my life would look like I’d have a whole bunch of kids around me I play the piano part time and I practice medicine part time and that’s been I bet my left foot look like and I have a husband because i thought i’d have to have a husband to have those six kids and I thought he’d support as well we had this set that kind of a lifetime so what is the reality of my life today it doesn’t look anything like that I only got three kids my husband pooped out i touch the piano we did a piano but it does it too and you know what I don’t put blood type and when you describe what I did when I left here I had three so time jobs i don’t know if any of you happen to remember but there was a front-page article in the indianapolis star when I see some of you nodding but when I left it was a front-page article in the Emir Indianapolis target so that would be replaced by three full-time people so and my job in Michigan isn’t part time either so I don’t work part-time but I do still have goals so you might want to know that they are today I’m probably not gonna achieve these goals either but here are my goals today so we’ll give you three goals from today by the way I have no say in this first one so I have got my three chose to beat who are now adults to be successful happy children child but of course have no control over this one my second goal is that the University of Michigan Health System which I am responsible for I would like it to become a national leader in health care I do have some so over this but probably less control than anybody really fix and my third goal I’m glad that were among friends here because this is sort of a secret goal you know I’d like to write a book and by the way not the book that you got out there because the book that you got out there was written by making our and I do want to say that that book that you got out there talks about 19 stores I’m not one of those stores i see that Judge markers here she’s a star she’s in that book she deserves to be that book that I deserve to be in that book but Judge Parker does deserve to be in that book so i’m not talking about writing that kind of a book I have a secret desire to write a secret book that um I’ll probably write anonymously so anyway but that’s my secret go okay but I think about goals so here’s what I think about goals and I see Pam Payeur here and she knows well but I think about goals because I’ve talked with her about this for about 15 years so my thought about goals is that one should have aspirational goals and I saw that you had a cold up there from me and it was similar to what i’m going to tell you now so I guess I haven’t changed my mind about this for a long time so I right to quote robert browning who said that a man’s reach should always exceed his grasp so what is heaven for and I really do believe that people should aspire for something that they can’t necessarily achieve and that they should reach for the stars with their goals because they don’t necessarily have to reach them you know because sometimes when you think about a goal which is almost implausible almost improbable but we have a plan to achieve that goal and you go about working hard to execute on that plan before you know it what seems initially implausible all of a sudden seems less improbable and if you keep at it then it seems almost possible and then before you know it it suddenly seems possible and sometimes it becomes inevitable and we’re doing it and you’re achieving it but even if you fail if you have reached for the stars you know what you might just land on the moon and that is so much closer than someone who hasn’t aspired for anything at all and so I really do believe that people should have aspirational goals and you know that if you miss and it’s possible

goodness so that because it’s still important that you be adaptable and flexible and I really do believe that this guy Charles Darwin had it right he said it’s not the strongest or the most intelligent who will survive but those who best manage change so if you aim high and you missed that you’re adaptable and you’re flexible and you manage change I think you will adjust and I use myself as an example on this I did not want to come to Indianapolis in 1988 it was not my first choice it wasn’t even on my list of choices i had about 10 choices and Indianapolis wasn’t even on the list of choices and yet it really was the absolute best possible thing that could have happened to me personally to mark and to our family and so I use it as a great example of what happens when you are flexible and adaptable and make the most of a situation that may not have been what you had originally hoped for and at the same time I think finding balance in your life is something that is of the utmost importance and so that balance between what you do in your personal life and your professional life what you do in your aspects of your professional life is of the utmost importance to people often ask me you know how did you balance being a scientist and a clinician how did you balance being an administrator and a mother how did you balance all these different things well the truth of the matter is I don’t actually remember how I balance being a mother and all those things during most of those years I actually don’t really know how I did balance all those things just like these people I don’t think they know how they’re balancing there either but somehow you do I will say one thing though for working parents because I remember during the many years that my children were growing up the one thing that I can say that i think is of the utmost importance if you have children at home is that you must take whatever resources you have to ensure that you have the best child care arrangements for your children because i know that i could never focus on my work when i was worried about my children’s well-being so there were years where I spent more money on my children’s childcare than i was earning there were many years like that and so if you have to take time off work to take care of your children or you choose to take time off work to take care of your children either spouse or you have to spend more money than you’re earning to do that you need to do that that I know was absolutely true but there are other ways that you need to find balance in your life what whether that is by finding something that you enjoy or something that you want to pursue it is important to live love learn and laugh and that is but I very much believe is a principle of finding balance in your life I believe in that very very strongly so the next key point that i believe is critical to successful leaders is mentorship nobody ever got to become a successful leader by just waking up one day and being the leader and I think about where I had gotten most of my mentorship and I have to say that for me it certainly started from my childhood with my parents and my brothers and my friends and others and I developed quite a while ago a principle that I’m going to share with you now that I call a mentorship quilt concept and this concept came to me actually in a negative way because I had a very beloved mentor who disappointed me and this is a mentor who was maybe my most favorite mentor by the way I have to remind people that this is a Women’s Leadership Forum but I did grow up in my professional life in an era where there were not many women who could serve as professional mentors to me so I wasn’t at in an era where there were no women mentors but there were very few for me so most of my mentors were men and that was fine with me i didn’t really have a problem with that but my most favorite mentor was a man who i adored and i adored him for many many reasons he was a man who always encouraged me to pursue any project anywhere and to this day I have an attitude about research and science and Investigation and discovery which comes from the things that he taught me but he disappointed me in his personal life

because he he was promiscuous in his personal life and it was disappointing to me because I had put him on such a pedestal and when i discovered this about him I wondered whether he could still be a scientific and a professional mentor to me and it really shook my whole thinking process about mentorship and so as I struggled with that and wondered why am I going to have to fill them out as a mentor and find another mentor I developed this concept that I’m going to share with you now and this concept that I’ve developed is what i call the mentorship quilt idea and i love this idea now and I’ve kept it with me ever since then and this was early on in my training that I came up with this notion and the idea is this that you can keep mentors for all kinds of reasons and you really should and so and this is how I think about mentorship today but I can have a mentor quilt and I can have a mentor for everything that I need and more than run four different categories so that mentor to me is still a mentor to me for I’m sorry that mentor is not a personal mentor to me but I can have a mentor to me who can serve me for personal reasons can give me advice on personal matters that mentor to me is a professional mentor he advises me on scientific matters I can have a mentor who can advise me on financial matters and another mentor who can advise me on business matters or relationship matters or child’s care matters or service matters or ethical matters and altogether I can create an entire quilt of mentors and each time I meet someone new who can serve me as a mentor I add another patch to my quilt and what I love about this concept is that it’s warm it’s comforting I keep adding another patch to my mentor quilt and I never described anyone because even if i don’t like everything about that mentor I can describe that part of what I don’t like but I keep the parts that I like and whenever I need comfort or warmth or mentorship I wrap myself up in my mentor quilt and I use what I need and it helps me to advance in whatever part of my life I happen to need at that moment but I keep that mentorship quilt with me and it helps me to advance and it’s worked very well for me and I keep getting older and older but I keep needing that mentorship quilt as I advance in my career and it’s worked exceedingly well for me so one of my thoughts about happiness so I look around and I see these incredibly successful leaders around me and I think well is it really true what I said that all successful leaders are happy but you know I’ve challenged myself on this a lot it’d go back and forth on this certainly not all successful leaders are happy all the time and I’m going to talk about this in a minute but I do believe that all successful leaders are happy when they are most successful and that I still believe to be true they’re not a lease heavy that’s for sure but when they are most successful they are happy but here are my thoughts about happiness and success so I do think if you look carefully at successful leaders they are happy that happiness is not to be equated with satisfaction now you know a lot of people might mix these words up and say they’re the same thing they are not the same thing so that’s the difference between happiness and satisfaction and I really like to distinguish these two things so here’s the private being satisfied with something if you’re satisfied then your content and here’s the problem with being content if your content then you’re complacent and if you’re complacent then you are satisfied with mediocrity and if you are satisfied with mediocrity then you are not going to aspire or reach for the stars or want your organization to do something extraordinary and that is why as a successful leader you cannot ever be content so when somebody comes to me and shows me their great project what they’ve done I always tell them I’m very happy with what you’ve done then I’m not satisfied and they don’t really like I say but it is usually what i say i usually say something like this is really great now what are we going to do because i’m never totally content because i always want our organization to move to the next step i usually give it a few minutes before i say that and

sometimes you never worked for me I there were a lot of people here who know this about me in fact is in a coastal here I don’t oh yes she’s here because she made a whole skip on this roasted me once and we made a whole skit about this so I think we have it on video yeah we have it on video actually because they made fun of me with this very principle because I believe in this as a way to motivate organizations to move further and higher and faster and I do think what was it be productive yeah we just get on being productive because I do think that you have to keep moving higher and faster and that’s the problem with mediocrity that it’s not it’s not the same as not being happy you can be happy with the organization success and people’s success but you can still not equate it with being satisfied and so it’s a fine distinction but I think it’s important to distinguish and I don’t think that it is demoralizing thing to tell people that we still want more and so I think it’s possible as leaders to communicate that we’re happy with the progress but we still want more it’s possible to be able to communicate both of these things at the same time but it’s a difficult and a tricky balance to do that now as an individual what happens if you reach a place in your life where you are not happy because I did say that every person and certainly every leader to does reach a place in their life where they are not happy I mean it happens it happens to every person at some time in their life where they will not be happy it’s going to happen so I want to rule that I have had to follow myself well you get to some point where you just discovered that you’re not happy so if this happens to you and it will but what’s boys rule or what you should do so the first it’s called the four people so the first rule is that you should press or push or lobby for a change so there actually is somebody in this room that this happened to with me and and that person actually pressed and pushed and lobbied for a change and a give an example of something that i can remember doubt that happened like this so um if you happen to read something to make you happier in your workspace like let’s say you need a window to make you happier to work and it’s a window in your office would help you be happier in your workspace you should ask for it because if that one thing would make you more productive in your work you shouldn’t lobby for that press for that push for that because if that one thing is possible to change your environment and will be happy and more productive your best would be happier too and you should push for change and if it works that’s great I pushed mark really hard to not go to Indianapolis I really really did I said let’s go to san francisco let’s go to Chicago let’s go to New York let’s go to Washington let’s go anywhere but Indianapolis it didn’t look so I I had to go to the next page okay so the next p is put up with it and accept that change and live with it but that really means is instead of changing the circumstance which is what the first p is change yourself in other words you still have to be happy because you’re not be successful if you’re unhappy you have to get happy with the circumstance so in that case what you have to do is change yourself and that’s what I did I said I lost he won I lost I’m going to have to change and I’m going to have to get happy and I did and so I change my attitude and I got happy but you know sometimes after you try to change and you do your best to change you still can’t get happy and so then you have to say what are you going to do now and then you have to decide that the first p doesn’t work you pushed and dried the second tip pay doesn’t work you try to put up with it what are you going to do now and sometimes this does happen it happens professionally this is what happens in divorces you do try very hard you hope that you’ve gone to counseling or you’ve gotten a coach if it’s a professional situation but if neither of these two peas work you do have to go to the third P and that is you have to pull out in leaf and that is the case because you cannot be successful as an individual or as a leader if you are unhappy so you must change the circumstance you just cannot live in an

unhappy circumstance you’ve got to change and then finally regardless of where you are in this cycle you have to play you have to live in a happy space and so those are the four piece so and i’m going to now tell you in general where i got all these fats and ideas about leadership and you heard already that i’ve been a scientist I’ve been a physician and I’ve been a mother so what if I learned from these different roles well as a scientist I’ve learned to design experiments and analyze them and think critically so that’s where some of these thoughts come from as a physician I have gained compassion and also thought about collecting data and using the data that I’ve used from laboratory studies to them learn to act decisively and as a mother I have tried very hard to create an environment in which my children would receive the necessary resources in which I would hope that they would thrive and exceed my own personal achievements and reach their maximum potential and those are the places where I’ve learned what I’ve learned about leadership so I know that some of you before have heard me talk about how I’ve applied these principles that I’ve gained to what I’ve called before the seven seas I’ve now actually added an eighth see and I’ve done this actually since Marc died so i’m going to tell you about the seven seas in the a to see that i’ve added since Marc died and so the first see that I talked about doesn’t really start with the sea it starts with an M and it’s the moral compass and these are the things that I think when you think about them together all together are the qualities and characteristics that truly extraordinary leaders possess and the distinguish the extraordinary from the ordinary leaders these eight things so then I mean by moral compass so I think that the moral compass is knowing right from wrong and knowing who you are and where you’re going and if you’re a religious person this might be your sense of religion if you aren’t particularly religious it is your sense of conscience it might be your North Star it’s your sense of knowing where you are going it might be your goals it’s your path but it is your moral sense of direction and I do think that it is what drives you the second thing I’ve alluded to already but it is a sense of compassion and I believe that this is critical for people who have great leadership and it is the ability and the capacity to feel empathy it’s knowing that you’re not alone in the world and that it’s very likely that no matter how difficult it is for you someone else has it worse than you and even when you have experienced trauma pain or suffering there is someone who has had something harder than you and you’re able to put yourself in another person’s shoes and try to experience what it is that they feel this is the see that I’ve added since some of you have heard me talk about these seeds before and I have to say that the firm up died I had been thinking about courage as an important see for people that are truly extraordinary but I hadn’t thought about how important it was have actually added it now and there are a few reasons why I now think that it’s really critical because courage means being unafraid to fail or to be wrong and I do think that true courage is actually displayed always not just in the face of adversity and so funny I know that you’re here and I actually put this slide and I thought you would be here I didn’t know for sure but actually put this slide in for you and so this is a picture of Mark from the days when he did pig immunology it’s actually an old picture but I put it in for betty because Benny worked with Mark and pig and rhinology research it’s a picture of him from the time at the NIH but mark was a man who actually displayed tremendous courage throughout

much of his life but I actually show it largely as a reminder of our family and the tremendous resilience encouraged that my children have displayed in the face of Mark sudden death a little less than three years ago and Mark was as you many of you know a man of extraordinary gifts and talents not only in his work and his research but his sudden death required our family to display extraordinary courage as well I know there are some people here from Haran and I prada would share with you a picture that mark was going to use for a postcard for a photography exhibit that mark was hoping to have inherent for his next show which he has not had but I’m hoping that we might have it posthumously one day this might be a little offensive to some of you but those of you that know mark sense of humor he wasn’t just a surgeon you know that he had a great sense of humor and he was a photographer so his show was going to be called shopping and you can see here he had gone all around the world taking photos of electricity and this was a photo of him in front of a Van de Graaff generator that he had taken my betters closing her eyes I won’t get rid of it quickly but anybody that he was going to have that show at heron here so I’m will have it here I’m going to have to talk to Valerie and make sure that we have that show here it’s a wonderful show actually we have all the photos so it’s a terrific show the next see is contribution and extraordinary leaders make important contributions and contribution really is doing work that is important and ultimately benefits others and Anne Frank said in her diary isn’t it wonderful that no one need wait but a single moment before starting to make the world a better place it’s kind of unfortunate of course that she died at the age of 16 so her ability to actually make the world a better place on her own she wasn’t able to go on and do things and yet her diary what clearly went on to make the world a better place I share this picture oops Meredith of Mark doing the first kidney transplants in Kenya as another example actually of somebody making a contribution and although I won’t be able to be here tomorrow I know that tomorrow night is the Kenya gala and the IU School of Medicine is a terrific example of a university and an entity that is clearly making an extraordinary contribution in the world by the work that it is doing I don’t know how many times but I certainly know when I was last here they were one of five nominees for a Nobel Prize Nobel Peace Prize for this extraordinary contribution in the world not that specifically but the contribution that the empath program is making in Kenya so this is a prime example I did include also this picture but this is mark yet becoming a village elder for the work that he was doing to create that first a kidney transplant program I do have to say that that sheep was not alive by the evening it did become the evening meal it was a part of a feast that they made so now the next day is commitment because it’s not enough to just talk about making a contribution and wanting to make a contribution but frankly it’s about the hard work that you do to achieve your goals because it’s about the due diligence and the time and the effort and the energy all those people who just do the talking it’s not enough that these are the people that actually have the commitment and do the work to achieve their goals and the next C is communication and communication is critical to everything we do and every interaction we have because if you as a leader do not articulate your ideas how successful will you be in actually executing on your vision and then I talk about collaboration because we can’t do things alone in isolation most things in life are improved by having the perspective of others so great leaders don’t sit alone they work collaboratively with others and then finally what I believe is in some ways

maybe the most important quality of truly successful leaders and this is if you pick just one that really distinguishes extraordinary from ordinary I do think you have to have all of these eight CS together but I really think that creativity is the most most important quality of all let me go back to show you that because Einstein said that imagination is more important than intelligence and I believe that too because creative people look at the same things that everybody else sees but they see something different and the creativity is not just limited to artists or poet or writers but creativity is there in administrators and businessmen lawyers and doctors and creativity really is a quality that enables extraordinary leaders to do extraordinary things and so I really think that it is a truly unique quality so I thought I would end with an example of application of these eight CS and I don’t know if this video that i have here is going to work i’ll tell you what the stories will try the video and if it doesn’t work then i’ll describe what this is so this is an application of the eight CS and a child and I don’t know if rich Miyamoto is still here I can’t see very well there’s a there’s rich ok so this I told you about the story a little bit outside so this is a baby at the University of Michigan a child who has a very rare disorder a trachea Bronco Malaysia an abnormality and due to some extraordinary and creative work that I hope will show up in the video that uses all these eight sees this child’s life was saved so let me see if the video works and then I won’t have to tell you about it it’s better in the video six weeks flash drive from once in stem please leave about recently but that one so what we got green makes it to a trial attorney it’s fairly the answer you measure I other than she had severe frequently somewhere the best treatments were feeding difficulties and continue the head with that’s where he was unable to breathe in the dream affairs defect with a CT scan Scott Hall Square instantly Amanda Lee went about designing a stupid and beat this this team this is the first time this procedure is done any man well this is a model of Kaiba’s trachea and bronchi the spin is designed to slippery with top of the rock as I said this just really the first time I think it’s been used noticing basis where there’s no other so we get the casted by a patterner a pedo friend with very small particle size we also have a computer file that contains information we designed it that it is essentially the geometry of the device etc so it’s a biopolymer essentially a plastic that’s biocompatible and and absorbs over time hi Bo will bribe to the operating room the sprint was placed over the top of the bronchus this has the process of opening the back us up and charlie m poster late completely widen the profits is amazing as soon as this wind is put in the first time Jason’s anything

I was I just thought that there was a nice example of how you could bring together you know compassion and commitment and compass and and creativity and so I just thought I would end with that great story but i really want to end by thanking all of you for inviting me back home it was really wonderful to see so many dear friends and colleagues again and I can’t tell you how wonderful it is to be here so thank you so much but this concludes they are wonderful evening we want to thank you all for coming and or for her inspiring remarks as a token of our appreciation or I want to present to you a gift from Tobias center this is a brass sextant a mean to find in your true north wonderful also like to thank Karen Madison and gene piken for putting together this wonderful evening and for working through all the technical glitches that we had for the hour to before we got to started we wrestled with this presentation as or suggested that it all worked out wonderfully he’s never done so please feel free to visit the ovarian cancer a table outside the National Center for Excellence women’s health the Julian Center the Sanford wellness for urban women and the komen Breast Cancer Awareness display table low key outside again thank you very much chef Elise wonderful evening you