Apollo 13 Part 19 Evening News Reports of Flight Malfunction

Apollo 13 spacecraft is winding up its final for billions faced the 9th apparently on course for a Pacific Ocean splashdown round 1 of 11 p.m. Eastern Time tomorrow 555 miles southeast of supplies of water oxygen power and other consumables the astronauts out of third a reasonably good cheer but when they must work in the command module they are cold it’s down to around 45 degrees and they are sleeping huddled together and they warm our lunar module each moment that tech support is another in which nothing more has gone along to endanger their lives the next morning just about 7:00 a.m Eastern Time they’ll climb back into their command ship and once again turn its power on it has been down except for intermittent tests since Monday night’s explosion after work they ask impossible breathe easier what it does just before 8:30 a.m. jettison the long dead service module and two and a half hours later the lunar module that has been of North American rock walk and they can show us tomorrow’s critical maneuvers the Critical pretty entry activity begins about 4 and 1/2 hours before scheduled spliced out shortly after 8 a.m. Eastern time it’s a matter of separating the dr. lunar module and command module from the service module it must be done in such a manner that there’s no danger of further contact between the two but it must be done delicately enough but the homeward bound trajectory is not disturb it takes teamwork from both the command module and from the lunar module our pilots are Leo crop and Scott McCloud lioska stand by for a 1 foot per second thrust to the command module Roger standing by for service module separation mark point-7 one point zero mark man service module SEP reversing thrust point five point seven mark one bunch of Roger Scottie the next separation comes after the entire crew is back in the command module the separation of the command module from the lunar module leo Nelson the final level one are before we enter the Earth’s atmosphere this time the command module systems will be all powered up all three crew members will be back in the command module we’ll have the tunnel hatches back in place however the tunnel hatch the tunnel is through the lemons gonna be beating left pressurized when they’re ready to separate the LEM these two stretchers on the main panel will be actuated with which will separate the two vehicles and the pressure that’s in the tunnel though for us the two vehicles apart causing the LEM to drift out through a safe distance now this is exactly the way Tom Stafford’s separated on a pile of tena to work very successful they saw it it has been flight tested the only difference in this one will be that we will not have a service module aboard so the attitude of the command module may vary slightly but this should not be a problem these separations and related activities go all right to this point from here on it’s just a matter of re-entering the way they always have water that’s right after the Jeffersons the command module plunges through the Earth’s atmosphere to it’s splashdown the weather at the splashdown areas reported good tonight and besides the recovery recovery carrier award Jima four Russian ships are said to be nearby the first man on the whole front face death is based and it Riley tumbling Gemini 8 flight four years ago today a news run at Houston asked him about a spaceman and secret thoughts of such moments of crisis in the back

don’t you lift off side of the tensions of the never president since Apollo 13 ran into trouble Monday night Gastronauts families maintain at least the surface calm and rabl reports from Houston if you are four year old Jeffrey level you probably do not share the anxiety of others in your family about your father and you go to nursery school with few kids expecting your fourth child this summer and your husband is a rookie astronaut in a crippled spacecraft who try to avoid the anxiety by going to the home of a friend whose husband is commander of Apollo 13 also comes to the get-together a chief astronaut deep Slayton’s house will not answer reporters questions if the flight had been normal they might have been talking about their husbands walk on the moon the fairness effects for astronaut John swagger said they were feeling great after last night’s successful Bern Russia’s cosmonaut sent a message to the astronauts saying we are following your flight with great attention and anxiety we wish for a part at their safe return to our Mother Earth our coverage of the final hours of Apollo 13 begins with the CBS Morning News at 7:00 a.m. Eastern Time and continues right through a splashdown and recovery beam is now within 95 miles of the earth and speeding toward a landing in the Pacific there still are a number of critical things which must be done successfully before the astronauts are hauled up on a carrier Iwo Jima they must make a small course correction tomorrow morning then cast off the service module after that they must get rid of the moon landing ship which powered their trip back to earth and only then finally will they reenter the atmosphere and parachute down into the ocean shortly after 1 o’clock on the afternoon Eastern Time the astronauts are cold but still safe speeding toward the Earth of more than 4000 miles an hour the low temperatures in the spacecraft caused by a reluctance to use electricity for heat an annoyance but not yet a serious problem one of the astronauts told the manned spacecraft Center here in Houston this afternoon it is like living in a refrigerator much of the astronauts day was spent today getting instructions from Mission Control on tomorrow’s maneuvers detailed and complicated instructions because the sequence of events to be carried out in space tomorrow has never been carried out before here at the manned spacecraft Center another theory has been advanced which could explain the explosion of an oxygen tank which led last Monday night to this emergency it is theorized that some sort of foreign matter may have been in the oxygen tank the troubles of Apollo 13 have not shaken the confidence of other astronauts at least not in public many of them have publicly stated their confidence in the space program inherently expect a certain amount of these things to occur and it’s no great surprise perhaps I think we’re more surprised when things run perfectly well as they did on Apollo 11 and in effect I’m still somewhat amazed that everything worked so well during that flight we spend a great deal of our time and preparing for these kinds of situations when they do happen a little bit different than anything we ever prepared for though I don’t thought that design engineers or the test teams in this case for this particular incident I’m sure that it was just one of those shots tomorrow morning Eastern Time the spacecraft will approach the earth looking like this this is the way it looks now about five hours before it reaches the Earth’s atmosphere the men in the command module will jettison this part here called the command the service module and it’ll float away in space that will leave these two parts of the spacecraft the LEM here and the command module here about an hour before they hit the atmosphere they will separate the LEM from the command module and you all remember this we’ve seen this on previous flights coming in with the men aboard and here’s one of the men who was aboard the last time Captain Alan bean

astronaut on Apollo 12 now if I set that correctly you sure have and it looks like that five hours jettison for the service module and the one hour for the land will give us plenty of time to look any other checks we have in plenty of time all right now the command module has been without power since Monday night well except for brief periods do we have any guarantee that this cold powerless ship can be powered up enough so that it can perform the tasks it has to perform yes we do North American has been running a number of tests as we have here taking a look at the temperatures that are on the electrical system and many other components and determining determined in fact that they’ll be able to be warmed up significant sufficiently to do the job they’re designed to do so that looks like a pretty straightforward job right now what about the relationship between this this is the part of the spacecraft where the trouble began on Monday night and when it moves away from the heat shield the poorest heat shield is it likely to leave any particles and he broken particles there and near the heat shield which could cause trouble on reentry not really you may remember that all the electrical wiring and everything that separates the command module from the service module is in the command module as far as we know actually if nothing is gone wrong there so the separation ought to take place in a completely nominal fashion even if there were small particles on the base of the heat shield wouldn’t affect the command mods are doing reentry it there’s quite a lot of extra heat shield built in this procedure and do you have any problems in separating and getting two astronauts out of here and all three of them into the command module and separating the command module from the Lamb no mainly because this is we’re gonna use the same techniques we’ve used around the moon a number of times and certainly in Earth orbit so powering down the limb getting inside closing the hatch and actually blowing the lamb away from the command module is typically a nominal maneuver incidentally and I think the good point is the minute that the lamb moves away from the command module we got at about an hour out a no longer any emergency situation we’re in the situation we’ve always been in when returning from the moon enough power in here so that you are back as you were on Apollo 12 right so then it’s a normal real tree that’s right the emergency for all cases is over once we separate the command module nevertheless it’s never been done before this way and everybody’s worried why are you worried no we’ve been doing a lot of simulation here of the techniques that we’re gonna use here the pro is demonstrated that they’re cool under the worst possible conditions and the flight controllers have demonstrated the same thing so I think that tomorrow is gonna run rather smoothly the normal store routine and re-entry that’s word whatever fears the space agency may have had concerning the weather at splashdown were dissipated today a tropical storm moved 700 miles away from the target area northeastern New Zealand NBC News will cover the splashdown of Apollo 13 live on television and radio television coverage begins at 7:00 a.m. Eastern Time radio coverage starts a half-hour earlier the Apollo 13 astronauts and their crippled spaceship are now more than halfway home from the moon despite all the problems one NASA official said today there’s no reason why there shouldn’t be a perfectly normal splashdown and obviously each event each hour between now and splashdown in the Pacific tomorrow afternoon is quite literally a matter of life and death ABC science editor Jules Bergman has a report on what happened in space today and what lies ahead for tomorrow it’s cold up there in Apollo 13 on this last leg of a harrowing journey for Jim Lovell Fred Hayes and Jack Swigert bone-chilling cold down to about 45 degrees in the power-down command module so cold but all three astronauts attempted to sleep huddled together in the cramped cockpit of the lunar module last night one man kept the watch anxiously eye on the instruments monitoring their life-giving oxygen water and power and it won’t be much better tonight the LEM with partial power is somewhat warmer tired but with the worst behind them Lovell Hayes and swaggered are now getting ready for the most critical reentry we’ve ever attempted early tomorrow morning a final small mid-course maneuver to hopefully plant the command module smack in the middle of the South Pacific splashdown area just after 8:00 a.m. Eastern Time they’ll separate from the service module where the oxygen tank exploded that abort of their lunar mission and nearly cost them their lives they’ll pitch the LEM upward like this and may get pictures of a damaged service module clues hopefully so exactly what went wrong can be found then they’ll pull away with the lunar module and command module still docked they’ll do the reentry without pressure suits wearing

their in-flight garments thanks to power up the command module its batteries were recharged today using power from the lamp then all three men will crawl into the command module through the tunnel linking the two spacecraft and seal the hatches just before 12:00 noon they’ll jettison the LEM unhooking the docking latches and using the air pressure in the tunnel to pop the two spacecraft apart an hour later the Deuter come sweeping in over the South Pacific for reentry if all has gone well if the command module is working as well as its instruments seemed to say it is waiting below the aircraft carrier Jima to recover them it’ll all happen in a few hours and intensive simulations conducted by other astronauts on the ground these last few days say it should work and it has to reentry can’t be delayed once they’ve separated from the LEM they have only a few hours of oxygen and power left in their damaged Apollo command module this is Jules Bergman at ABC Space headquarters ABC News will be standing by around the clock to bring you extended coverage of the Apollo emergency whenever developments warrant and continuous coverage of reentry and splashdown will begin tomorrow at 8 a.m Eastern Time 24 hours ago last night at this time there was growing confidence that the Apollo 13 would make it home safely tonight less than 14 hours away from its scheduled return there is even more confidence although as we constantly remind ourselves that is providing nothing else goes wrong at the moment the astronauts Jim Lovell Fred Hayes and Jack Swagger’s in Apollo 13 and they must feel that each hour is made up of more than 60 minutes or about 76,000 500 miles away from the earth traveling at 4850 miles an hour their course is good but Mission Control wants it even better to lengthen the odds in their favor and so tomorrow morning another small navigation correction is scheduled just before 8 o’clock Eastern Time the astronauts will use some of the small engines on the spacecraft to refine their flight path even further it should put them precisely on target for splashdown in the South Pacific just past 1:00 p.m. Eastern Time but just about daylight in that part of the Pacific before then however some sleep and long conversations with Houston step-by-step on what must be done John Chancellor of NBC News is in Houston as he has been during this hectic week John astronauts James Lovell and John Swigert have been told to go to sleep we are not sure where they will sleep the command module is still cold but the tunnel between the lunar module and the command module is a bit warmer and possibly the off-duty astronauts are either in the tunnel or in the LEM itself James Lovell we heard on the Box a moment ago is awake astronaut Fred Hayes has been going through a long checklist with Mission Control in another aspect of today’s preparation for tomorrow’s maneuvers together you’re happy with the way things are going that by step but just subjectively where’s your your personal confidence level right now I’m glad to see us get this checklist stuff up that was a last big thing to do and from here on in its meaning equipment performing and so I feel confident it will make it will you be able to recover any of the pieces of VSM that you were talking about and if so will they be able to give you any kind of a clue as to what happened Monday night no like I said we don’t have forces in that area this is just hunks of metal and when it hit this go sink so the likelihood of doing that would be no in fact you just couldn’t aim if you did it after going through an entry you couldn’t tell anything about it they all burned up mostly how close to the target area will the rescue ships be when it hits in other words if it hits exactly where you want while the rescue ships want to be able to be in the area you tell me that the command module when the command module hits yeah forces on station airs and helicopters and all kinds of boats captain beam tomorrow’s reentry is going to start far more differently than any other man gray entry you’ve been through reentry would you take us through it tell us what to look for what to listen for about six hours prior to reaching the top of the Earth’s atmosphere we’re going to start hearing a lot of talk between the command module and the lunar module Jack we’ll be in the command module think Fred and Jim will be down the lunar module and the ground sending up some updates switching batteries back and forth then between six hours in

about five hours they’ll be maneuvering the vehicle you’ll hear a lot of discussion I’ll get to the proper attitude and then around five hours they’ll probably make a small burn with the RCS thrusters on the lunar module to make any last minute Corrections that need to be made before we re-enter the atmosphere at about one hour then we’re going to go to the proper separation attitude but blow the limb away from the command module just as we’ve always done in lunar orbit then you’ll hear them discuss this as the limb moves away don’t make a star check which will be discussed quite extensively I think with with Houston and then they’ll move into re-entry attitude so from that point on we ought to hear the nominal are the same words that we’ve heard for three entries from the mood since Apollo 8 but they may be just a shade more welcome this time they will I know we’re gonna be glad to have them back on earth now just a few minutes ago the flight directors in Mission Control where we were just looking what around the room as they say asking the experts at the various consoles if anyone had any questions or comments for the astronauts there were only a few comments consumables look good which is one of the crucial factors the mid-course correction should be only 2.81 feet per second less than 3 feet per second it will be a 21 second burn on what is called a reaction control system these are a little small engine so they have to burn longer to make that much difference in their velocity and then the astronauts were given a good night the recovery schedule for tomorrow morning the mid-course correction comes at 7:53 a.m. Eastern Standard Time 8:23 they’ll jettison the service module first at 20 at 10:23 a.m. they’ll all transfer all power over to the command module at 11:53 they’ll jettison the lunar module at 12:53 they will enter the Earth’s interphase at 101 the drogue chutes should deploy and at 107 p.m Eastern Standard Time tomorrow the splashdown in the Pacific