THE TRAIN We’ll see Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk We’ll meet the Scorpion And we’ll take the Mining Express Welcome to the first episode of The Train in 2019 When we recently published the following video on our Facebook, many viewers left angry comments criticizing our careless behaviour and the effect on children, who will be inspired to take selfies on trains, etc We tried to explain ourselves but it did not help Finally, one man came to help us Mr. Kunt, the author of Amazing Recollections, sent us this photo of Mr. Tau standing on a wing of a flying plane saying “Beware of young people trying this stunt.” Dear friends, we film safely, everything is approved, there are experts guarding us, trolleys are off, no animals are hurt – – not even Lucie or myself We’ll see this report in a moment But now let’s see the reenactment of the return of T.G. Masaryk from his exile in the USA T.G.M The train arrives to the station The president’s head appears in the window He is accompanied by soldiers Czech soldiers are also in all the other cars “Kde domov můj” is playing Everyone has tears in their eyes This is how the journalist presented the return of the first Czechoslovak president Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk from his exile, which took place on December 20th, 2018 It’s clear that the footage is not original It was a reenactment of the famous return organised by the Czech Railways, the Association of Czechoslovak Legionnaires, and the National Technical Museum I am certain that we will make use of what we have achieved And I wish you that the hard work that awaits us provides good results The reenactment of the return of T.G.Masaryk marks the end of the 100 Years Together project The project celebrated the 100th anniversary of the Czechoslovak Republic and also the 100th anniversary of the National Railways I’m glad that the attendance is high today despite the bad weather Apart from the arrival of the president T.G.Masaryk, we also present various historical activities and customs in the individual cities There is welcoming with bread and salt There are cannon salutes The anthem is playing And the president tells his country and its citizens how the democracy will be developed and what must be done A lot of work still awaits The work will be even harder than until now And I invite you to this work Which we all must do together Did you recognize the actor Ondřej Brousek? No one got so close to me so far In all destinations of the special train set pulled by the 310.23 steam locomotive, the same type as in 1918, the number of visitors surprised even the organisers Maybe it was because the reenactment of the president’s return was absolutely authentic Some visitors had even tears in their eyes And those trains! Apart from the historical train, the “100 Years Together” express train arrived as well When the trains went side by side the next day, it was an unforgetable experience “Patriotism is loving your nation, not hating others,” T.G.Masaryk

EXPRESS Express railway news is here The Railway Infrastructure Administration started a tender for the repair of the roof and front of the Prague Main Train Station The reconstruction shall cost CZK 171.5 million It should begin in six months and take two years and a half The interior repairs will follow In 2018, 228 people died on the Czech railways This is 8% less than in 2017 Then, there were 248 dead However, there were 16 more accidents than in 2017 4,659 accidents is the highest number in 5 years The Railway Inspection investigates a January accident in which an express train in Liberec did not stop and derailed on a dead-end track None of the 60 passengers was injured The train damage is CZK 400 thousand, the track damage is CZK 250 thousand Another major accident took place on a level crossing with warning lights but without barriers in Liberec on January 22nd The causes of a train and truck collision are being investigated Nobody was hurt but the damages amount to CZK 25 millions UK is set for hydrogen- powered trains by 2022 It’s a novelty of Alstom and the British company Eversholt Rail The British claim that these trains are environmentally friendly and they produce only water and zero emissions But some experts claim that the environment will suffer more because of the associated hydrogen production and transport And now for the winners of the last competition Correct answer to the last question: The Moldava railway was officially opened in 1885 The Train t-shirts go to: Marcela Gomolová, Karviná, Martin Ďoubalík, Mladá Boleslav, Lukáš Klíma, Praha SCORPION Meet the special vehicle MTW 100.013/7 by Plasser & Theurer At the Railway Research Administration, its nickname is Scorpion The vehicle is used for traction line repair and maintenance It has several functions A diagnostic collector measures the height and staggering of the lines Then it has a hydraulic platform, hydraulic crane, and hydraulic positioners which help with insulator replacement etc Currently, RIA has three such vehicles They are located in Olomouc, Brno and here in Plzeň Before showing how the Scorpion works, let’s look at its basic parameters It is a four-axle vehicle powered by a 520kW DEUTZ engine with a hydrodynamic coupling In driving mode, MTW 100 can do up to 120 kph In working mode, the vehicle runs at up to 5 kph but the required speed can be set with high precision The vehicle is 21.4m long and weighs 72.5 tons

We’re at the first station of MTW 100 This station is for driving the vehicle The measuring collector is controlled from the train drivers’ panel The diagnostics and cameras are controlled from an auxiliary panel The measuring collector is equipped with sensors, which measure staggering of the traction lines as well as the height of the traction lines The values are recorded in the measuring system This station features a diagnostic screen On the screen I view the information about the state of the vehicle, including the main elements such as the engine or the brakes, which I need to know that the vehicle is OK Now we have activated the measuring rule The rule is used to set the wire height when reconstructing the traction lines We’re in the workshop, which is the main part of the vehicle Here, we store the required maintenance parts and terminals We have also various tools here There is a worktable and various cabinets with auxiliary tools like winches, lifting jacks, etc We have also auxiliary control panels for controlling hydraulic elements, the hydraulic crane and arm The panels can also be used to drive the vehicle in working mode The platform height can be precisely set to enable the most convenient access The reach and variability of MTW 100 hydraulic equipment was a surprise The operators told us that thanks to its great characteristics the hydraulic platform and arm can reach practically any place along the track Back to the vehicle This is a resting room Here, we can make hot food and we have a fridge as well There are also cabinets for changing clothes This is the second station This station is for vehicle driving and also controls the hydraulics It can also block arms to not reach adjacent tracks CZK 59 million may seem high for this special vehicle But it is a completely new vehicle specially designed for RIA needs It replaces several older machines that couldn’t do what MTW 100 does SLOW TRAIN Hi and welcome to the Slow Train This time we’re in Kubova Huť And what’s here? Just look. It’s magical Plans to build a railway at the Boubín foothill began to form in the 1860s For financial reasons, it took another forty years for Kubova Huť to welcome its first train The first train arrived to the highest Czech railway station on July 9th, 1900 You’ll certainly agree that Kubova Huť is a beautiful railway station In 2017, it got to the finals of The Most Beautiful Railway Station The biggest event taking place in the Kubova Huť station are the New Year’s Eve rides It was the 19th event last year This year, it’ll be the 20th By the way, almost three thousand people attended the last event Let’s visit the Major For tourists, it’s important that Kubova Huť is closest to the Boubín peak There is a new lookout tower at the top of Boubín since 2004 It’s amazing view from Boubín Formerly known as Czech Semmering, Kubova Huť has a long skiing and ski jumping tradition Many Czech sportsmen grew up here It’s great! I recommend you to try it I also recommend you to visit the Kubova Huť ski resort

There is a ski rental with a complete range of skiing equipment, including cross-country and downhill skis, snowboards, snowshoes and sledges Everything snow-related Long live the railway! We’re going back but it’s not the end On our way back, we’ll stop in the Vimperk depository It’s just three stops and it’s worth it It’s an original warehouse from 1893 Today, the Stifter Railway Association in Vimperk uses it as a railway museum or rather an open depository We store our collections here Occasionally we let visitors to view these items in the exhibition area There is a study, where visitors can see the collection of timetables and regulations There are open days, when we are open to visitors A tour can be also arranged by calling us or e-mailing us It’s time to say Goodbye Hope you enjoyed Slow Train Take care and see you next time! SIDINGS As you may have noticed, we went to Northern Moravia The Silesian Railway Association and the company AWT organised a ride through factory sidings of the Ostrava-Karviná coal basin under the title “Mining Express” The event wants to introduce – to locals as well as to other passengers – – the Ostrava industrial area which now gradually disappears and which formed our region in the past through heavy industry The train starts in the Ostrava střed station and continues on the Mining Railway which connected all the mines in Ostrava The mines belonged to Rothschilds, Larisch-Mönnichs, and the Ferdinand Northern Railway So this is the mining track Attention please, the Captain speaks I welcome you to the special train no 10.900.52, the Mining Express The train goes from Ostrava střed to the Ostrava-Karviná coal basin We’ll see most of the former mine shafts, which are mostly decayed now Then we’ll go to Karviná, where there are active mines in the active Karviná coal basin From Karviná, we’ll go back along the former Košice-Bohumín railway that was handed over to the Ostrava Karviná region in the 1970s The Vítkovické Železárny iron works needed black coal and coke the transport of coal from Karviná The Mining Express did not feature only photo stops that you have seen but also a commentary broadcasted in the whole train Those interested could learn many interesting facts We’ve already been several times here We always like it because it’s a nice event I worked my whole life on the railway In Bohumín So I’m a railway fan and I wanted to take a ride It’s a great event, we often take railway trips to the Czech republic with my kid We in the Silesian Railway Association are local patriots from the Ostrava region

We like trains and industry Apart from the Mining Express, we organise also other rides We do, for example, rides to the Nošovice brewery We focus on adventure railway transport If you are interested in their activities, visit their website There, you’ll find upcoming events Maybe we’ll meet at one of them AMAZING RECOLLECTIONS The idea of using electricity to power railway vehicles is a century old The first electric train was introduced at a trade fair in Berlin in 1879 Werner Von Siemens presented his train at a speed of 7kph A Siemens 3-phase test vehicle made 210 kph at Marienfelde near Berlin in 1903 In the same year, a local Czech track from Tábor to Bechyně was electrified It was built by Ing. František Křižík One of the track’s first electric vehicles has survived until today The locomotive took current from the traction lines using roof collectors Křižík’s system was a success and it is a basis of modern systems The electric railway from Tábor to Bechyně was opened on June 1st 1903 The track used Ringhoffer vehicles equipped with Křižík systems The 2×700 V DC power supply was replaced together with the traction lines in 1938 1500 V DC was used instead Today, it is the only Czech track with this system Our first electric locomotive E 225.0 stands as a technical monument in the Praha střed depot With the locomotive E225.001 “Wien 1”, Křižík participated in the tender for Wien city railway cars Today, it is stored in the Chomutov National Museum depository Today, more than 3,000 km of our railways are electrified Because of the many advantages of electric railways, another kilometres are being electrified Fixed traction systems are built by the company Elektrizace železnic Elektrizace železnic was established under the Ministry of Transport in 1954 Today, it is a private company The operation and maintenance of the traction systems was ensured by “electrical departments” of ČSD Today, these works are carried out by Electrotechnical departments of RIA The Eastern railway operates the electrified sections in Košice, Poprad, Vrútky, Zvolen and Bratislava The Central railway controls the sections in Ostrava, Olomouc and Brno The North-West railway controls the sections in Hradec Králové, Pardubice, Ústí nad Labem, and Prague The South-West railway controls the sections in Pilsen and České Budějovice The main task of the traction department is the maintenance of traction lines Every traction repair shop maintains a specific section of the traction line Electricians of the traction department intervene at the order of the electrodispatcher Not only in emergencies but also in the case of regular maintenance The traction department staff regularly check the state of traction the lines in their section For this, they use a specially designed motor coach equipped with many measuring devices The substation department operates and maintains the traction line substations The substations are controlled from the central control station of the network Electrodispatchers have a 24/7 phone connection to the substations

According to the signalization of the actual state the electrodispatcher decides on the required setting of the substation The substation operators set the substation according to the electrodispatcher’s orders For example, they can disconnect individual sections powered by the substation The heavy current department maintains all other electrical systems They maintain cables and lighting of railway stations They maintain the equipment in transformer stations They also maintain standby power generators The production department cooperates with the electrical departments The production department builds and installs new electrical equipment Some departments have special workplaces for electrotechnical measurement The task of measuring department is to monitor the state of the traction lines Special measuring vehicles are used for traction line diagnostics Sensitive devices provide important information about the state of the traction lines These include video recordings The measuring centres together with other departments ensure a reliable operation of electrical traction and heavy-current systems Around 25% of the ČSD railway network are electrified Around two thirds of the lines are powered by 3,000 V DC The catenary line is the positive pole, the rails are the negative pole One third of the lines is powered by asynchronous current The current has a frequency of 50 Hz and a voltage of 25 kV There are advantages and disadvantages to both systems The advantage of the 3,000 V DC system is the simple design of the electrical locomotive and its engines However, there are high-voltage losses when the DC current is used Therefore, one substation must be built for every 20 kilometres of the track The substation transforms the voltage to the required 3,000 V and it must also rectify the AC current to DC There are significantly lower losses in the AC traction lines The copper wires are also thinner and lighter compared to DC lines The substations can be up to 60km apart And they just transform the electrical current to the required 25 kV Until now, complex design and price of the electrical locomotive were the main issue However, current technological breakthroughs made the AC traction more competitive Electric traction offers many economical benefits Railway electrification benefits the society as a whole The electric traction is environmentally friendly Today, around one third of railways are electrified More than a half use the DC system Switching to AC system is expected in 30 years Next time, we’ll visit MTH VRÚTKY STOP BLOCK This time on a serious note At the end of 2018, we visited the annual meeting of railway experts in Tetčice near Brno It was a time for evaluating 2018 and wishing for the new year We were interested what the railway VIPs wish the Czech railway for 2019

I wish 2019 is as successful as the excellent year 2018 This year, we’ve managed to build many things and improved the state of the infrastructure For that, I’d like to thank the politicians who helped with financing but especially the workers I wish mainly a successful transition to ETCS to manage the work that is required without any major issues and without any systematic absurdities I wish the Czech railway many satisfied passengers So that they use trains as frequently as in the past or even more Because it is a transport of the future Many satisfied customers – passengers The railway is on the rise and it is necessary that it keeps its customers also in the future I believe that the new RIA management will come with some initiative for speeding up the regional railways The regional lines provide passengers for the main lines and I think that many – – and I don’t claim that all of them – – but many regional lines have the potential to attract passengers again if they are restored So that’s what I wish for It’s the end and we have a question for you What is the nickname of the special vehicle MTW 100.002? Send your answers to the addresses on the screen by February 15th, 2019 – What’s the prize? – This nice book on Czech railways Take care and long live the railway!