Poetry Sound Devices 4 | 3rd Reading | Teaching In Room 9

(upbeat music) – Hi everybody, and welcome back to Room Nine, our region’s largest classroom My name is Miss St. Louis, and I’m a teacher at Rogers Elementary School in the Melville School District, and we are located in South Saint Louis County Today I’m here to teach a reading lesson that’s geared towards students who are in the third grade, but all learners are more than welcome to join and explore with us, so let’s get started I thought today we might begin with a few moments of mindfulness It’s Thursday, we’ve had a long week, I know that we’re getting tired, and we’re really excited because tomorrow is Friday, and then that means it’s almost time for the weekend So our bodies are a little bit tired right now So mindfulness is a really great way to just kind of reset our thoughts, calm our bodies down, and get them ready for some of the new knowledge they’re going to absorb today So you can either sit calmly, you can close your eyes, and just take some deep breaths in and out In and out And just think about all the positive things that have happened to you this week Is there anything that you’re really proud of that you did? Maybe you made a new friend this week Maybe you did really good on a spelling test or a math test Maybe you worked really hard in your reading this week, or you learned some new sight words It might be big, and it might be small, but take a moment to feel really proud of yourself for accomplishing a goal and doing great things And that’s something to be always, to always be proud of Deep breath in and out In and out And whenever you’re ready, you can quietly open your eyes Mindfulness is such a great way just to take even a moment to ourselves, just to recenter And even if we’re not thinking anything, even if we’re just focusing on deep breaths in and out, it really helps to just get rid of all of those negative thoughts Right, push any thoughts out of our head, and just really center our minds And when we’re done, then we’re ready to take on our new adventures Are you ready to take on today’s new adventure? I think so Today is our last day together this week, so we’re gonna hit our last figurative language topic This week for warm up, we’ve been talking about all different types of figurative language Remember, figurative language is using words or phrases to mean something other than their literal meaning So, so far this week, we’ve talked about similes and metaphors, both of which are ways to compare things, right? Similes are when we make a comparison of two things using the words like or as For example, the girls were like two peas in a pod Metaphors are comparisons of two things when we say that one is the other For example, he is a shining star Now yesterday we introduced a new one, the hyperbole, and that’s an exaggeration that emphasizes something For example, my mom’s to do list is a mile long Now we know that your mom’s to do list probably really isn’t a mile long We’re exaggerating the length of it, right? Really showing how long it is through that exaggeration Today, we’re gonna talk about a brand new form of figurative language, and that is personification Personification is when we give human qualities to nonhuman things, inanimate objects like tables and chairs So an example of that would be, that slice of pie is calling my name

Well, pie really can’t call your name, right? It’s an object But what we mean is that that piece of pie, oh, you want that piece of pie, right? It’s, maybe it’s smells really good, or looks really good It’s enticing you to want eat it So we’ve given something like pie, that’s a nonhuman thing, and given it a human like quality such as talking So I want to share with you some different forms of personification today So, here’s my first one My alarm clock screamed at me to wake up What do you think here? What’s the personification, right? Let’s talk about this What’s the nonhuman object? Good, the alarm clock, right? And what is it doing? Right, what’s that human quality we’ve given it? Good, screaming We know that alarm clocks don’t actually scream at us, but when we say that our alarm clock’s screaming, right, we mean that it’s so loud, right? It’s just yelling at us to wake up in the morning, even though we might want to hit the snooze button a few times Here’s the next one My marker danced across the page What is the inanimate object, the nonhuman thing? Very good, the marker, and what is it doing? Right, what’s that human quality? Good, dancing Markers don’t really dance, right? We’re not in Beauty and the Beast But, by saying it’s dancing across the page, we mean that it’s moving across the page, right, as maybe we’re drawing a really cool picture, or doing something in art class So it’s a way to show movement Let’s do another one The wind danced from tree to tree So what is the object we’re talking about here? Very good, we’re talking about wind, and what is it doing? Good, dancing But is it really dancing? No, again, we’re showing that movement right? How it’s flowing So it might be flowing gracefully and swooping Right, we’re trying to show some movement here, really add to the feeling, right We could have just said the wind blew, but now we’re adding in some different language, right? Spicing up our writing a little bit Another one The paper was begging to be drawn on What’s happening here? Right, we’re talking about the paper, and how it’s talking, right? Begging, right? Paper can’t beg Now, my dog can beg, but paper can’t, right? So we’re kind of showing how this blank piece of paper is something we really want to draw on It’s not something that’s actually happening, but we’re showing some exaggeration here All right, another one The wind was whispering Oh, you just heard my dog whisper But the wind was whispering Now, wind doesn’t whisper, but we’re showing here the noise that that wind is making, right? We might be able to hear it in the background Right? Sometimes we could hear it whistling through trees Very good The teardrops kissed my cheeks What do you think about that one? Yeah, do teardrops really kiss your cheeks? No So we’re talking about teardrops, and how they do something that humans do, right? They kiss, but really we just mean that they touch your cheeks, right? They’re touching your cheeks Maybe you’re outside in a rainstorm, right? So they’re just kissing your cheeks We might say that snowflakes kissed your cheeks if it’s snowing outside Very good The flowers danced in the wind What are we talking about here? Good, we’re talking about flowers, yes Yeah, and about how they’re dancing, right? So again, we’re showing that movement Flowers really aren’t dancing, but probably something like wind right is making them move, and they might have this flowing motion that maybe kind of looks a little bit like dancing

Very good All right, let’s try another one Ooh, the chocolate cake is tempting me Good, we’re talking about chocolate cake, yup Yeah, we’re talking about how it’s tempting us It’s really not, right? But again, we’re talking maybe about how it smells, or how it looks, and how we feel about it, right? Personification is a great way to kind of show some feeling about things as well, right, and how we feel about some of these objects Great job Let’s do one more The sky roared Good, we’re talking about the sky, good, and yeah, we not really didn’t roar What do you think it probably did? Yeah, probably, we’re probably talking about a storm, right? Roaring, probably some thunder Very good So personification is this great way to kind of talk about inanimate objects in different, in a different light, right? I love seeing personification in poetry because oftentimes in poetry, when we write about inanimate objects, right, these, you know, things like tables and chairs, right, we want to add these special qualities to them to make them a little bit more special, and personification is a really great way to do that So as you’re reading some poetry, I suggest you try and look to see if there’s any personification that’s in there Something really cool that authors add But, are you ready to get into today’s poetry lesson, cause it’s about one of my favorite topics Let’s start All right, so let’s get ready to start today’s poetry lesson All week long, we’ve been talking about sound devices that are used in poetry Those words that create sound and enhance rhythm Let’s review what we’ve talked about this week We have talked about repetition, which is repeating the same word, line, or stanza For example, if you’re happy and you know it, clap your hands (claps) If you’re happy and you know it, clap your hands (claps) So that’s that repetition, right? We’re repeating the line We’ve also talked about alliteration, and that’s when you repeat the same consonant sounds For example, Samson the studious snake slid down the snow covered slope Or, one we might all know is Sally sells seashells by the seashore, right? It’s kind of a tongue twister that we’re getting Another one that we’ve talked about is rhyming, right? Words that have the same ending sound And we saw those a lot when we talked about patterns that we see in poems For example, Fuzzy Wuzzy was a bear Fuzzy Wuzzy had no hair So we see that AA So we talked about AB AB patterns We talked about AB AC We talked about AA BB, so lots of different patterns that are out there that we see with rhyming Today we’re going to talk about one of my all time favorite sound devices, and that is onomatopoeia Now not only is that word fun to say, but on onomatopoeia words are fun to say too Onomatopoeia are words that imitate sounds A lot of the time we see these words when we read books like comic books, right? Superhero books, and we see words like pow, bang, zoom, right? There are these sound effect words that we see So they add a lot of fun to books So today we’re gonna read some poems, and we’re gonna look to see how they use onomatopoeia as part of the poetry Are you ready? Let’s dive in The first poem book that we’re gonna look at is “Amphibian Acrobats.” So all of the poems in this book have to do with amphibians Let’s find our first poem The Flag Waver Frog went a courting in Mountain Creek Chirp Frog went a courting in mountain Creek He called, “Frog gals, I’m the mate you seek.” Chirp He perched on a rock and sang his tune Chirp He perched on a rock and sang his tune His vocal sow puffed like a white balloon Chirrup Next frog kicked his flag foot high Boing Next frog kicked his flag foot high A dance move meant for his lady’s eye Boing A rival hopped up next to him Boing A rival hopped up next to him Frog’s foot shot out, fine, take a swim Boing What did you think about the use

of onomatopoeia in this story? Yeah, it kind of emphasized, right, what was going on When we read a poem, there’s not always pictures to go along with the poems So we’re kind of getting some action in here when we see these words, right? I can imagine this frog making those noises I can imagine this frog making those jumps, right? It adds a little something extra to it A little fancy detail Now onomatopoeia wasn’t the only thing this story had going on What else did you see in this, in this poem? Yeah, there was rhyming words in this poem, right? We have creek and seek, tune balloon, high and I So there’s some rhyming I think there was one more thing though Yeah, we saw some repetition in here too, right? Frog went a courting in Mountain Creek, frog went a courting in Mountain Creek He perched on a rock and sang his tune, he perched on a rock and sang his tune Next frog kicked his flag foot high, next frog kicked his flag foot high A rival hopped up next to him, a rival hop up next to him So that repetition was in there So this author of this poem used a lot of different sound devices in one poem to really add to that rhythm of the poem Pretty cool, huh, how you can use all of these in one single poem All right, let’s read our little science fact here about the Wayanad dancing frog Like most males, the Wayanad dancing frog calls by filling his vocal sack with air So we see that vocal sack right there The vocal sack balloons bright white to increase his chances of being noticed by a female This daytime fancy dancer from the Western Ghats Mountains in India whips one hind leg up sideways, then behind, splaying his toes in an impressive foot flag Other species of Indian dancing frogs, and several other frog species that mate in noisy rushing water habitats also signal with their feet An interested female frog might not hear a single male’s call, but when she sees the Wayanad dancing foot frog’s ballooning white throat and webbed foot wave, she knows he’s looking for a mate His calls, throat balloon, and foot flag are also a signal, a warning to, also Let’s start that one over His calls, throat balloon, and a foot flag also signal a to other nearby males Stay away If a rival male crowds the defender’s rocking ministering perch, whap Alright, let’s look at our next one Ooh, another frog The frog swallower This small worty father, nose pointed and slender, takes tadpole care further than any frog other With no help from mother, he guards eggs on litter until larva quiver through jelly clear covers Then trusty dad gathers his eggs sons and daughters, and gulp, provides shelter, Where eggs hatch and prosper, his vocal sack stretching Then dad nurtures a giver til tadpoles turn froglets, then burp, dad delivers So not as much onomatopoeia in this one, but there was some It added a little something, right? We could have just said he ate it Could have just said he spit it back up But instead, we use these onomatopoeia words to really show some action, right? Helps to really create this picture in your mind, right? He didn’t just spit it out, he burped it up All right, he gulped it down Adding those sound words kind of helps you create this little image in your head Let’s learn a little about this Darwin’s frog to see why this poem was written Frogs make their distinctive chirp, chirrups and ribbits by pushing air over their vocal chords Most frog singers are males, advertising to females, or claiming a territory The air in their balloon like vocal sacks, make their calls much louder The male Darwin’s frog calls with a quiet bip bip bip bip, because he uses his large vocal sack for a different task Most male frogs don’t care for young, but a female Darwin’s frogs lays her eggs and hops away, leaving the dad to stand guard in the daytime forest floors of Chile and Argentina When tiny developing tadpoles move inside their clear eggs,

dad swallows them into his large vocal sack What? Their protected eggs hatch in about three days At first, the tadpole’s skin absorbs the frothy nutritious liquid dad makes for them in his vocal sack Later, the tadpoles can swallow it In seven to 10 weeks, when the tadpoles metamorphis, dad opens his mouth and out hop froglets So here we see right, that the author really wanted to showcase how this life cycle of these frogs is different than other frogs, because, gulp, that dad is gulping them down, providing that shelter And then when they turn into those froglets, burp, he burps them back up So by using that onomatopoeia, he’s really emphasizing those two points that are really important in this frog’s life cycle It’s a really cool way to use onomatopoeia in a poem I liked it All right I got another book for you with some onomatopoeia, and this one has a lot So we are back in our “Superlative Birds” book And today we’re going to read a poem called Calling Contest If you visit the rain forest in Central America, and you are very lucky, you might be near enough to hear, bonk, bonk, squeak, the wobble, wobbling ping of the three waddled Bellbird Here I am, I make the biggest sound of all But if you are too close, this jackhammer calls, this jackhammer call pounds in your ear drums If you visit the islands of Seram and Indonesia, and you are very, very lucky, you might be near enough to hear, ee ee, ee ee, ee ee, rah, bacaw, the Salmon Crested Cockatoo’s jungle shout out Here I am, I make the biggest sound of all But if you are to close, this chainsaw call rattles your eardrums If you visit a night forest in New Zealand, and you are very, very, very lucky, you might hear, boom boom boom, the deep rumble rising from an earthbound bowl kicked smooth by the Cockapoo Here I am, I make the biggest sound of all This fog horn calls thrumumins your eardrums, even if you are very, very, very far away Whoa, lots of onomatopoeia here, right? We see words like bonk, squeak, boom Ee ee ee, rah bacaw So many onomatopoeia words Now, why do you think the author chose to use these onomatopoeia words? Yeah, right? He’s trying to emphasize the sounds that these birds make So he could have just said, “Well, the bird makes its call,” but he wants to show us He wants us to really think about, and even try and make those sounds of the birds, right? So try and make some with me Can you make a good bonk? Bonk, bonk What about a squee? Squee All right, here’s the next one Ee ee, ee ee, ee ee Can you make that one? Hmm, what about a good ra ahk? Good Oh, what about a bacaw? What about the big boom, boom? Yeah So he’s really trying to get us to think about those sounds that these birds are making, and try and make them ourselves It’s a really cool way to add onomatopoeia, and get the reader involved in the process So, is that all we heard in this book, and this poem? No, there was some repetition, right? We saw, right, that if you are lucky enough, if you are very lucky you might be near enough, right? And that repetition of the here I am, I make the biggest sound of all, right? So we’re talking here about three different birds in three different areas, that all have this very distinct sound Let’s read our science note to learn a little bit more about these birds Bird calls, birds call to send out alerts and to communicate with their flocks or chicks Birds sing to defend territories, attract males, and sometimes to bond with mates and singing duets Their songs and calls are produced with a two sided voice organing, with a two sided voice organ called the syrinx The most spectacular bird sounds are nearly always made by male birds Ornithologists, ooh we learned that word this week What is an ornithologist again? That’s right, it’s a person who studies birds

Ornithologists think a male three waddled Bellbird, singing his heart out in a South American rainforest, may be signaling to females that he’s strong enough to defend the best territory The Salmon Crested Cockatoo from Indonesia may keep, may use his high pitched squawks to convince cockatoo hens he’s healthy and fit New Zealand’s Cockapoo inflates its throat to belch deep bone rattling advertisements that travel for miles through the forest under story Two compare sound levels that are measured in decibels, these noisemakers would have to be the same distance from the recording device, so it’s very difficult to say for certain which of these birds is the biggest loudmouth So they don’t know for sure who’s the loudest, but we know that they’re pretty loud, so Pretty cool All right So today we talked about onomatopoeia, using words that imitate sound, and we saw some really cool ways today, how authors used onomatopoeia in their poems So I would challenge you that as you’re writing stories or poetry, right, try to use some onomatopoeia, right A really great way to start is to use it in speech bubbles, and add it into your pictures And then you can start to add it into your writing Onomatopoeia just adds that extra little flare to your writing, right? Adds those extra cool sight words They’re super fun And as you’re reading books, look to see if the author has any onomatopoeia that they’re using, maybe in pictures, right? Maybe these are using it in the text, but it’s always fun to see it, and it’s always kind of fun to make those noises It’s one of my favorite things to do when I do a read aloud I want to thank you guys for joining us this week, and exploring these different sound devices in poetry as we read, and the figurative language that we talked about in our warmups You guys did an excellent job exploring brand new topics and really expanding your minds I’m really excited that we got to talk about all this and now you’re exposed to it and you can start to see it in the books all around you Thank you for your time, and spending some time with us We really hope that we’ll see you again next time But until then, I hope that you have a great rest of your day, and we’ll see you again next time, here in Room Nine Bye everybody (upbeat music) – [Announcer] Teaching in room nine is made possible with support of Bank of America, Dana Brown Charitable Trust, Emerson, and viewers like you