How to Install Kitchen Cabinets – Vermont Farmhouse – Bob Vila eps.2307

hi I’m Bob Vila welcome home again to our Vermont farmhouse project today we’re doing two exciting things we’re painting the exterior of the house and it’s going to be a sprayed on paint job so there’s a lot to learn there inside the house we’re installing the kitchen cabinets Bob Riley will be here to give us a hand also we’ll take you on a tour of the Crown Point factory where they’re being made in Claremont New Hampshire stick around it’s good to have you home again an exterior paint job whether it’s on an old house or a brand-new house always requires lots of preparation work let’s say hello to Kevin – Burge who are cool on painting fellows hi how are you now the fellows are doing a lot of caulking and stuff right yep what kind of caulking are you using you’re using acrylic caulking I believe it’s 35 year uh-huh so that goes everywhere that you’ve got a wooden joint like those trim molding up there that is that in the corner and what about all the nails though do you do you leave them alone the nails aren’t flush we we try to fill them with some putty mm-hmm regular painters putty and then you’re taping on just you know 4 mil plastic over all the window opening yeah right yeah just to prevent them from overspray okay now what kind of paint is it that we’re using we’re using a latex paint house paint yeah that’s pretty much the standard and new construction up here right and tell me about this machine what kind of a sprayer is it it’s an airless sprayer what that means is it uses pressure to push paint through the line in order to spray out the tip okay the color that was finally chosen for the trim is kind of a putty Kevin is getting started with the trim paint on the soffit he’s using a spray shield to prevent the over spraying of paint onto our metal roof once this coat of trim paint is dry he can get started spraying the clubbers with a different color this house has a lot of decorative trim so that means that not everything can be frayed at once and many areas have to be brushed but right now Kevin’s getting started over on this side where we’ve got these recessed panels and they get sprayed the same color as the clobbers now all of this will have two coats of paint on the field as well as on the trim we’re not worrying too much about overspray onto the trim here because we’re doing two coats Kevin will come back later and paint the trim after the field coat is dry now there’s a technique to using a paint sprayer like this first you need to hold the nozzle six to eight inches away from the surface of the collaborative US also be held perpendicular to the wall that’s why Kevin is painting by making narrow swaths across the surface the narrow swaths helped him control the consistency of the coating and avoid drips go to Bob Vila comm for more information on choosing a paint palette for your home well the kitchen cabinets have arrived and Riley’s here with Pat now the first thing you always do is unpack them and lay them all over the place so I guess what we’ve got here is the refrigerator unit and you’ve already installed the unit where the oven and the microwave go and I think this is meant to be the bake center but Riley this is the easy part when you got a whole array of cabinets where do you get started well the first thing you want to do is establish where the top cabinet is going and that’s going to be dictated to us by this refrigerator cabinet so the hike here which is what is mighty that establishes a top line exactly and so what we’ve done is now that we know what that is

we’ve established a line where we want to hold this cabinet to a level line there and we’re going to stop just coming right out of that corner with it now this is all new construction so you assume it’s nice and plumb and no problems right you hate to assume anything but it should be we’ve checked it looks pretty good and what are all those holes you’ve been poking up there we found all the studs for the anchor and the cabinet to the wall and we’ve transferred those in tied to the cabinet and we’ve pre drilled some holes so you ready to breathe drilled you’ve done the prep work so that the holes are gonna line up exactly with the studs can I give you a hand with it hey we’ve got a couple of them in here we’ll kind of slide this down a little bit okay can I check make sure Ron I line up above all right now if you’re doing this single-handedly I suppose you could make yourself a little bit more elaborate dead man with exactly yeah okay who’s that I got a come to me just a little bit okay right there okay close to me all right well while all of this fastening is going on I recently visited with Brian stolen the Crown Point cabinet Factory in Clermont New Hampshire watch Brian what are the different types of woods the different species that are being used for all these cabinets that you make here well Bob will use a lot of different woods if you take a look over here you’ll see that we use a quarter sawn white oak it’s been a favorite furniture makers for many many years yeah there’s the distinctive grain that you get with quarters son and the easy explanation is that the round log is split into quarters and then board it out and that’s why you get that grain it gives you a great look and also a very stable wood yeah and so once it’s finished this is the look that you get and there the quarter son grain shows up again all right so you got quarter sawn oak and then what’s this this happens to the Appalachian cherry right here just one of the more popular things that we do cherry is always a real favorite tea bryant that looks like could it be a bullet I’m quite sure that’s a bullet so it looks like there was a hunter in the Appalachian Mountains and and that looks like you got a tree instead of a deer yeah so when this is finished it looks like like this door sample here this is an example of finished cherry and again that’s one of the most favorite woods used in kitchen cabinets these days and then what’s behind you here behind me right here this is uh this is mahogany and this is a very nice wood it’s very wide and very stable mahogany is a terrific wood to work with it’s a great work what to work with it’s not a domestic wood it’s imported from where it is it’s a Honduras mahogany ok Central America and people ask us at from the rainforests absolutely not here is an example of what it looks like when it’s completely finished yeah no it’s very elegant useful not just in kitchens but also in libraries and offices yeah exactly and then you’ve got a painted door and drawer front sample here and that really is beautiful what kind of wood is this made out of this is done on a silver maple and it’s actually a genuine old fashioned milk painted finish that’s hand brushed you can see the hand brushing it’s beautiful thank you son of many many different steps it’s very labor-intensive but it’s a great look when you yeah absolutely now obviously all of these are the door fronts and the doors and that’s the money but in terms of the boxes themselves what are the boxes made out of because it’s a custom cabinet we use only premium hardwood plywood for the interior ok and if you are opening up doors you’ll see a clear UV coat of maple plywood if you have open interiors or glass door interiors say it’s a quarter sawn kitchen you would have quarter sawn plywood so it’ll be finished to match ok and the reason we go with the clear on the other cabinets is so it’s nice and bright when you open up the inside of the cabinet now each kitchen is a custom design and a custom order how do you go about maximizing making these boxes out of the plywood well we do it on a couple of different machines we have a machine that is basically an overhead router it’s a CNC machine what is CNC me computer numeric control and basically the gentlemen that that do the CAD work for us in the office will design the very custom custom cabinets to one of the angles in the and the corners and they will create a program and they will download it to the machine and the machine will run that entire sheet to put a four by eight sheet of cherry plywood it’s an example yeah and it will run the entire sheet and it will make all the cuts will make all the dedos and it will drill shelf pegs and that type of thing there’s a very nice machine yeah you’re maximizing the use of the wood so there’s very little waste and you’re also really cutting out any human error yeah it’s very important to reduce a

waste because one it’s expensive but two you don’t want to waste any natural resources so that’s very important excellent and then when it comes to actually working with the hardwoods what are the steps there when you’re working with the hardwoods the first step is to select the lumber if somebody wanted cherry is an example we buy a premium that the top grade of cherry available but we have to select out of every single board you have to pick up a board and look at it and decide what is acceptable to be in the board it’s not well that piece with a bullet we probably get cut up as an example that would be cut out so once all the boxes are assembled you got to make the doors right and that’s where you’re using the hardwoods what’s the first step you will match the brain so this is all visual matching that’s correct and then of course they’ve got to get jointed and what happens will it blew them up after they’re jointed they’re flipped over and they’re glued up on our large blue clamp rack so that’s a terrific rack because it just rotates and you can really load it up is it regular carpenters glue no it isn’t it’s got a special additive to it because we have an oven-baked finish it has to be able to withstand the heat of the oven okay and then once you’ve got them all glued up you have to shape them right that’s correct at that point what we do is we take them to a high speed profile cutter that when you put them through put a nice beveled edge on it to give you your race panel and what’s over here well believe it or not Bob this is an entire order of cherry doors waiting to be assembled these are the styles and these are the rails and they’ve been grooved and they’ve cut tongues on them and they’re ready to be assembled over where they assembled or something so is essentially a tongue and groove construction what are these little black balls that go in there actually those uh those are called space balls and we purchased the machine that basically allows us to put a rubber spacer for some machine like this you’ve got a rubber spacer so it’s shooting these little rubber spacers into it grooves into the Stiles and rails and what that does is it allows the panel to expand and contract naturally with the wood movement sounds like a good plan because of course the panels do not get glued to the frames no now the panels do not get close to the end here he’s in the process of gluing the frames themselves and this is just like you do it in your own workshop but then the panel just floats in the frame that’s correct the the space balls actually hold it in nice and tight and if the panel decides to expand it can that has to be done by hand and by the eye of the craftsman it’s gonna be check for square now what’s the next step actually the next step is that they’ve got to be machine sanded and then hand sanded because if you’re gonna get a real furniture quality finish you’ve got to finish sand every single piece and all of these palm Sanders are hooked up to a vacuum system so that you have complete dust control that’s correct we have vacuum cables and we have hand Sanders that have the hoses on them so that we don’t have a lot of dust in the shop now most of the cabinets get a natural finish right that’s correct staining natural okay and that’s what these women are doing over here that’s correct everything is hand stained but what about the painted finishes that become so popular now and some of these colors are amazing well I appreciate that Bob one of the things that we do that a lot of people don’t do is the old fashioned milk painted finish and it’s a finish that’s been around for hundreds of years and it’s applied with a brush coated sanded coated sanded and coated in multiple steps and then you have to put a sealer on it right that’s correct it’s it’s very durable but it still needs an oven-baked sealer and an oven-baked top this is basically lactose and lime I mean it really is milk that’s in the equation right it’s exactly what it is that’s correct all right so what’s happening at this stage Brian this is where the cabinetry comes all together basically we have different stations to build base cabinets and wall cabinets what we have here is a cherry base cabinet that’s being assembled and after the box pieces are all put together the face frame is attached to the front right and the drawer slides into it and he’s dying all right so basically this is where the the finish work meets the boxes that’s correct and the cabinets are done labeled and ready to go out the door that’s correct there’s one final quality check in then they’re gone thanks through the tour hey thank you Bob and we appreciate it when we come back we’ll install the rest of our kitchen cabinets at our Vermont farmhouse alright one thing about hard was it’s heavy it is very solid three-quarter-inch boxes Pat you’re ready for us to put it in there finish measuring up my line here okay this is a tricky cabinet as it goes in the corner and right next to a

dishwasher think you gotta get out of there before we can move it and it’ll kind of float in there doesn’t go precisely against the back wall just keep it away a little bit just hold back a little bit let me peel this hole we’ve got the door off of it for installation but this is a nice time to see this feature which is very nifty it really takes advantage of all the storage space in a dead corner first yeah get a good and tight okay now when you have the other base units that are all basically stacked one next to the other how do you make sure that your styles are gonna come out nice and flush and tight well guys this cabinet clamp which is made for the four cabinets and it works all suis three ways for you one of these that I see it yeah so you have to take the doors off I think it was off okay take the clamp so one part of the clamp brings the two styles together so and then this part makes sure that they’re flush right right then they do is they have a hole right here all set for you to pre-drill and screw the cabinet’s together okay so then you drill a pilot hole that is going to be precisely down the middle we’ll take the clamp just move it up and do the same thing all over again oh this is really looking beautiful guys and Riley I do like that that hardware for sliding in and out you know bottom mounted drawer slides are very nice and Pat’s got the glass shelves going in place now the designers picked an interesting color combination if you think about it it’s the reverse of the outside of the house where we’ve got a green field with off-white trim but it looks very very nice in here and when this gets fitted out with the stove the refrigerator the dishwasher in the corner it’s all gonna work out very nicely we’ve got full inch and a quarter granite tops coming in here and let me show you over on this side what we’ve got does this is a cabinet that’s designed to come all the way to the bottom of the granite it’s temporarily on top of these five quarter boards but when the granite is installed it’ll run all the way to the back inside the cabinet perfect spot for some appliances like the coffee maker that you don’t want to see all the time just need a plug in there very nice find out more about kitchen cabinets and design at Bob Vila com well that’s a wrap come home again next time we’ll be doing lots of finished carpentry yeah all over the place mostly in the living room also a visit to the Cobb Hill Co housing community not far from here to look at their super insulated windows till then I’m Bob Vila it’s good to have you home again for lots of information and resources for your home improvement project check out my website at Bob Vila calm